KIBLAH, ARAB., signifies a point of adoration, and is usually applied to the kaba or holy edifice of the Muhammadans, situated in the Bait-ullah or temple of Mecca. But all eastern sects appear to have had some Kiblah or holy point, to which the face was to be turned during prayer. The Jew looked towards Jerusalem ; the Sabaean, accord ing to some, to the north star, or, according to others, towards that part of the heavens in which the sun rises, or towards the meridian.; and the Magian to the rising sun. According to the Veda, Brahmans should direct their prayers to the cast. The early Christians chose the east. Mahomed, who recognised the general custom, and found it necessary to adhere to it, in the early part of his career appointed Jerusalem, but afterwards directed the holy kaba of Mecca to be the Kiblah of his disciples. Kiblah is also a
respectful term in common use in India by Muhammadan children towards their parents, or inferiors towards superiors, and in this case means the source of honour and esteem. One of the titles of the king of Persia is Kiblah-i-Alam, point of the world's adoration. Kib]ah-i-Alam, asylum of the world, in letter-writing, is an expression of respect in Muhammadan countries from depend ents to their masters, children to parents, or servants to a prince, implying towards whom all the world turns with veneration. It is a phrase of daily life, but the rulers of Bokhara were styled Kiblah-i-Alamian, the turning point for both worlds. — Ouseley's Travels, iii. p. 133 ; Tavernier; Layard's Nineveh, quoting Hyde's Relig. Vet. Persar. p. 8 ; Prideaux Connect. ; Vambery, Bokhara, p. 316.