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Number

seven, ten, times, letters and khan

NUMBER. This English word has been added to all the languages of British India. The number seven is used frequently in Scripture, not to signify a definite, but a large and sufficient quantity ; hence Daubuz states its Hebrew etymology to signify fulness and perfection, and Philo and Cyprian call it the completing number. The barren bath borne seven,' said Hannah in her song, meaning a great number. The victims under the Jewish law bled by sevens; the golden candlestick seven branches, bearing seven golden lamps ; the mercy-seat was sprinkled seven times with the blood of the atonement ; and to sacrifice by sevens was a characteristic of great solemnity in p ttriarchal times. The key to this rite, says Horsley, is the institution of the Sabbath, the observance of the seventh day being the sacra ment of the ancient church. The numbering by seven was doubtless taken from the phases of the moon. With the Indian Muhammadans, sat-at, 7, 8 represent a small number. The number ten also is often used in Scripture to denote frequency and abundance, and is evidently taken from the ten fingers on the hands. Thou halt changed my wages ten times,' Genesis xxxi. 7, 41 ; Those men have tempted me now these ten times,' Numbers xiv. 22 ; These ten times have ye reproached me,' Job xix. 3 ; He found them ten times better than all the magicians,' Daniel i. 20. The ten days are again interpreted as indi cating the shortness of the persecution, in the same sense as they are employed by Terence : Decem dierum vix mihi est familia,' I have enjoyed my family but a short time. There is in India a very

remarkable use of seventy-four, in epistolary correspondence. It is an almost universal practice in India to write this number on the outside of letters, it being intended to convey the meaning that nobody is to read the letter but the person to whom it is addressed. The practice was origin ally Hindu, but has been adopted by the Muham madans.

The Roman system of using letters to indicate figures is followed by all Muhammadans. The death of Karim Khan, 'Lend, is commemorated in the sentence ' Ai va'e Karim Khan 'ward.' ' Woe and alas ! Karim Khan is dead.' The numeral values of the letters composing these few words, being added up, give 1193, the year of the Hijira, corresponding with A.D. 1779, in which this good king died.

Nadir Shah was assassinated in his tent at Meshed in Khorasan, on the 8th June 1747, and his fate was thus recorded ' Nadir b' dilzakh raft.' ' Nadir to hell has gone.' These letters give A.H. 1161, which corresponds with A.D. 1747.

A famous glee-maiden of Hyderabad, at the closing years of the 18th century, built a mosque near Maul All Hill, and, seeking a date for it, a learned man proposed the satirical couplet ' Posh-i-1n mihrilb sajad-i•kbas-o4m ast, Falk guft in bait-ill-laram est.' —god's Rajasthan ; Elliot's Supp. ; lIfiltter's Seven Churches, pp. 23, 205.