NUMRI or Lumri, a people of Luz, a depend ency of Kalat, with about 1600 fighting men. They are Muhammadan. Numri of the Kurachee collectorate claim descent from a Rajputni who had nine sons, from which the tribe are named Nao Mardi, and the twenty-four branches in which the tribe are now divided have all sprung from these sons.
NUN. Buddhism assumed a distinct form in the middle of the 3d century D.C., and became powerful during the Greek connection with India. Women embracing Buddhism became prominent. They not only began to frequent places of public worship, but came forward to join the clerical body, and were admitted as nuns. Maha Praja pati was the first female admitted to the order. The daughter of Asoka, Sanghamitta, also entered the church, taking the usual vow of celibacy. She went to Ceylon to ordain the princesses, in compliance with the request of her brother Mahendra, who had been sent there to propagate the religion, ho being of opinion that a male priest could not ordain a female. Gautama had 500 women admitted into the order. The nuns were, however, restricted in their liberty in holding communication with priests. Women of rank, such as the 3faha Maya, the mother of Gautama and Missile, were moving freely in society, while other classes of females not only moved from place to place, but carried on discus sions with men, and took part in secessions. There are several notices of educated females. Visakha, a most celebrated Buddhist lady, resided in &kite or Ayodhya. Nevertheless Buddha's personal opinion as to females leading the religi ous life was : Be careful ; do not permit females to enter upon my law and become Sramans.' He said What is named woman is sin,' and it is better for a priest to embrace the flame than to approach a woman, however exalted her rank.' Mendicants and novices were not permitted to look at a woman. Priests were not allowed to visit widows, grown-up virgins, or women whose husbands were abroad. If a woman had a fall, and required to be lifted up by the hand, no Buddha would help her, because it was considered sinful to touch a woman, whether she lived or died. The Patimokhan forbids not only the contact with the person of a woman,' but impure conversation with a woman,' sitting on the same seat with her, reclining with her on the same place, being alone with a woman, accompanying her on a journey, and preaching more than five or six sentences to a woman except in the presence of a man who understood what was said.
And yet, according to Hinao, Buddha accepted the invitation of Ambasali, the celebrated cour tesan of Vaisali, who took her seat on one side of him.' The Buddhist women of that day were clad in robes. The king of Kosala presented to each of his, 500 wives splendid robe.' The Bhilsa monument shows the Buddhist female drapery,—' a long flowing vest resembling that which is seen in Grecian sculpture. Fa Hian, who came here in A.D. 399, says that the females were kept down, and ordered to follow certain precepts.' He cites the instance of brothers marrying non-uterine sisters, in the case of the sons of one of the kings of Patala settled near the hermitage of Kapila. As to caste, he says that although the principle in the selection of the chief of religion was the moral merit, inasmuch as Sakya was a Kshatriya, and his successor a Vaisya, and his successor a Sudra, yet the son of the king of Kapila, by the daughter of a slave, was not admitted into the church. When he entered, the cry was, The son of a slave dares to enter and be seated here.' In the drawings of the excavated temples of Ajunta there are groups of women in various attitudes, particularly in the one of performing tapasyi on the Asan siddha ; ' and also of a female worshipper of Buddha' surrounded by a group, and a Brahman among them whom she is teaching. There are, at present, in Buddhist Tibet, many nuns, and the Buddhists and Taosts of China have nuns, but they are not much respected. Christians, JaMs, and Manbhaos also have nuns.—Cal. Rev. No. 109.
•NUN, also Nuna. HIND. Salt. Nunia, a salt maker. Nun-alb, from Nun or Loon, salt, and Dabna, to dip, bespatter, or sprinkle, a custom among the Rajput races of dipping the hand in the salt. The Nun-dab is the most sacred pledge of good faith. It is had recourse to, to increase the solemnity of an occasion, and to banish all sus picion of treachery, as well as to extinguish ancient feuds, and reconcile chicwhip had never met but in hostility.—Tod's Rad than, ii. p. 409. Sec Manwar Piala.