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mantra and om

SANSK. Counsel; hence Mantri, a counsellor. • In Hinduism, a' an invoca tion, a charm. -' Mantra is from Matr, to repeat in the mind, and is formula or litany in' use in invocations of the Hindus. There are mant,, ofTtheie.."The•greai mantra' Of the Brahmans is styled the Gayatri; and is"deenied the holiest verse of the Vedas; it is an invocation suu. Its Words are. in` Sanskrit; and•-arel 0'111 BliiirbhriVa• ssuvalia, O'm I Tatsa vit'hru varennyilm ; B'hargo devasayit dhimahi dhiyo yonaha pracho dayath,— the translation of this prayer being O'm ! Air, Earth, Sky. O'm I let us meditate on the supreme splendour of the divine Sun : may he illuminate our minds. That of the Srisampradaya or Raman uja sect of Vaishnava is said to be O'm ! Ramaya namah,' O'm ! salutation to Rama. A mantra generally consists of the name of, some deity or a short address to 'him ; it differs with various sects, forms the chief ceremony of initiation of the Hindus of all sects, and is communicated by the teacher to the disciple in a whisper ; and many mantra, or formulae of prayer, are supposed to have a magic power. ,Six descriptions of charms or

mantras are known in Gujerat, which are described in a series of works forming the scriptures on the subject, or the Mantra Shastra. A charm called Marun Mantra has the• power of taking away life ; Mohun Mantra produces ocular or auricular illusions ; Sthambhun Mantra stops what is in motion ; Akurshun Mantra calls or makes present anything ; Wusheekurun Mantra has the power . of enthralling ; and Oochatun Mantra of causing bodily injury short of death. Mantra drooma is from Manan, to meditate, and Drooma, a tree.— Rasamala, Hindu Annals, ii. p. 403. See Gayatri ; Hindu.