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Sir Henry Havelock

fusiliers, tin, relief, arnold and regiment

HAVELOCK, SIR HENRY, K.C.B., one of three brothers, officers in the British army, whc served in India. William was killed in charging thc Sikhs at Ramnuggur. Henry, born 1795 at Bishop. wearmouth, in 1815 entered the army in tin 95th Regiment, and afterwards exchanged into tin 13th Light Infantry, and in January 1823 em• barked for India. He served in the first Burmese war as Deputy Adjutant-General, and publishec his Experiences of Campaigns in Ava. On tin 9th February 1829 he married Hannah Shepherd youngest daughter of the Rev. Dr. Marshman He was with his regiment whilst it was cooped ui in Jalalabad. He was present at the battles of Punniar and Maharajpur. In 1857 he commandec a division in the Persian war. When the mutin3 and rebellion of 1857 occurred, Havelock sug. gested the formation of a moveable column at Allahabad, which was immediately formed, anc among the troops were Neill's Madras Fusiliers From this time he commanded in many battles,— on the 11th July 1857, at Futtehpur ; on the 15t1 he fought at Aong ; on the 16th he fought anc took Cawnpur. His last great effort was the first relief of Lucknow, on the 25th September 1857 The second relief of Lucknow was effected by Sir Colin Campbell, on the 17th November 1857. Sb Colin Campbell had arrived in India, and tin Government had superseded Havelock, putting Outra,m in command of the force in Oudh ; but that noble soldier refused to supplant his bray( comrade, preferring rather to act tinder bin than deprive him of his well-earned right to re lieve Lucknow, and the two together advancing effected the relief. The Blue Caps (Fusiliers) charged the Char Bagh bridge, but Maude's two guns could not silence the superior artillery of the enemy in their front. Almost every man at them

was either killed or wounded, when General Neill, who commanded the first brigade in Sir James Gamin's absence, allowed a charge, and the first Madras Fusiliers were ordered to advance. Lieu tenant Arnold, a young officer ever conspicuous even among the daring spirits of that noble regi ment, had been impatiently watching for the signal. At the first word, and without waiting for the regiment to rise and form, he dashed on to the bridge with some ten of his men. Arnold himself fell, shot through both legs, and his devoted followers were swept down almost to a man. Lieutenant Havelock, the Deputy Assistant Ad jutant-General, alone remained on the bridge, the mark for a hundred bullets. The Fusiliers dashed forward with a cheer, without giving the enemy time to reload, advanced over the prostrate bodies of their comrades, and, rushing on the guns amidst a storm of bullets, wrested them from the enemy, and bayoneted the gunners. It was a second Lodi! Poor Arnold died. ' At length,' writes the general, we found ourselves at the gates of the Residency, and entered in the dark in triumph.' General Havelock's career was finished. He fell sick, and died in perfect peace and hope, attended by his aide-de-camp, Hargood of the Fusiliers, and his son. Calling the latter to him, he said, ' I die happy and contented.' See how a Christian can die.' And when Outram came to visit his dying comrade, he said, have forty years so ruled my life, that when death came I might face it without fear.' A statue has been erected to his memory in Trafalgar Square, London.