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Tat and Turk Kurd

miles, azarbijan, fars, sheep, tribe and province

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TAT AND TURK. KURD.

Mukadam, . . 5,000 Mikri5 . . . . 15,000 Mahmudlu, . . 2,500 Baban, . . . . 1,500 Beharlu, . . . 2,000 TAT AND LEK.

Afshar, . . . . 7,000 Ahmadavad, . . 200 Kara pap*, . . 1,500 Dumbeli, . . . 2,000 The Azarbijan people have an aptitude for war, and could supply 60,000 men, viz. 20,000 cavalry, 3000 artillery, regular infantry 12,000, irregular infantry 25,000.

The Chardaori tribe from Luristan and the Afshar, occupy Sain Kala in Azarbijan. Tabreez, its chief town, has a population estimated from 80,000 to 140,000. It has been repeatedly taken and sacked by the Turks, Persians, and Russians.

Shahgagi is a large but rough and lawless tribe of about 50,000 families, in Azarbijan, in the districts of Hasht-Rud, Garm-Rud, Minna, and Ardebel. They use Turkish and Leki. They make excellent soldiers, and British officers in 1833 formed three battalions from them.

Shah Sevaud are nomade Iliyats in Irak and Azarbijan. They form a very large tribe of 15,000 families ; they do not cultivate, but are wealthy from their herds of cattle and flocks of sheep. They are predatory. Their winter quarters are at Mishkin, and they occupy Ardebil and Khemseh.

Fars, a province of Southern Persia, is bounded on the N. by Irak, E. by Kirman and Luristan, W. by Khuzistan, and S. by the Persian Gulf. It lies between lat. 27° 20' and 31° 41' N., and long. 49° 20' and 54° 20' E., with an area of 44,335 geographical square miles. Its plains are in general fertile. It has the seaports of Tauri, Kon gun, Reshahr, Bushahr, Bandar Reg, and Bandar Dilam. It is sparsely peopled. Its tribes are Persians—Lek, 9000 houses ; Turk, 40,000 ; and Arabs, 10,000.

Kash Kayi is a collection of tribes in the pro vince of Fars, whose ancestors are said to have been deported from Kashgar by Hulaku. They have thirty divisions, with about 15,000 families. They have sheep, goats, horses, horned cattle, and asses, and they make up wool into carpets and clothing. Some of their sheep are of remarkable size, weighing 130 lbs. to 144 lbs.

Behbehan is a town in the province of Fars, 128 miles 1Y.N.W. from Shiraz. It is on a fertile

plain watered by the Kurdistan river. The tribes are nomades, and, with the numbers of their tents, 1 e as under :— r afar, twi, ohmari, . . )vorr . . . la hishinan Zarii, •usufi 'pd., 1,000I T I Sher Ali, 1000 bo- SW tweenItain 2,000 , , , t llorinnz - atalfta model, & Shuatu. 1,000 1,000 Aghajiri, 500 Jaghutai, . . . ,.. 1,000 400 - Keahtil, . . . ) Tiloh Kohi, . . . . 2,000 Iiilohlu, . . . 1.1,000 'afar, . . . . 1,285°30 Jam lluzurgi, . .

The Nafar are Turk, and roam through Fars. The Belimehi or Bahmahi are a wild and ferocious Ian, and frequently at feud with the governor of ehbehan.

ChiIan, a province of Persia, extends between at. 36° 30' and 87° 45' N., and long. 48° 30' to .50° 45' E., with an area of 4673 square miles. It is bounded on the N. by the Caspian Sea, on the E. by Mazandaran, and on the S. and W. by Azarbijan. The parts near the Caspian are low, unhealthy, jungle-clad plains ; the climate is so highly insalubrious, that the Persians have a proverb, If tired of life, go to Ghilan. The popu lation is about 100,000, ignorant and bigoted. The women are extremely handsome and beautiful, and the children are particularly so. There arc many gipsies ; they are called Kaola, literally black. The silkworm is largely bred.

Talish district is N. of Ghilan, with the Caspian on the E. and the Masula mountains on the W. It is fertile, but unhealthy, and the inhabitants take up summer quarters in the mountains. The men are spare and robust, but not tall; they are brave, but highly predatory and savage. They are devoted to their chiefs ; their weapons are the matchlock and Ghilani knife.

Isfahan, in lat. 32° 39' 34" N., and long. 51° 44' 37" E., is on the left bank of the Zaiuderud river, in the midst of a plain 75 miles long from E. to W., and 20 miles broad from N. to S. Tho streets are narrow, dirty, and mean. Its population may be about 200,000. They are industrious, and manufactures in wool and silk are largely produced.

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