LAMINARIA, or Tangles, a genus of the Fucacere. L. bulbosa, Ay., and L. digitata, Lam., are deep-sea plants, but their fronds are thrown up on the Sind beach. Laminaria saccharina, Lam., is the sweet tangle, the Gillur ka patta, HIND., and Hai-tai of the Chinese. It is used in scrofula and in syphilitic eruptions, is officinal at Lahore and in Kashmir. The fronds are procured from Tibet., where they are reported to grow in a salt lake, but some maintain that they are brought from the Caspian Sea. This plant, the edible sugar sea-beet, is one of the algae, and probably grows in all the salt lakes of High Asia, also it is probably brought from the sea through China. It is imported from Yarkand and via Kashmir. It contains much iodine, and acts as an alterative in scrofulous affections and enlargement of the thryroid gland or goitre (gillar or gal), a common disease in many parts of the Himalaya. If washed and hung up, a
saccharine substance exudes. It consists of long ribbon-like pieces. Dr. Cayley states that 16 seers of this were imported from Yarkand to Leh in 1867. This and L. digitata furnish to the Chinese size, jelly, and many excellent dishes of food. Laminarian horn is prepared from L. buccinaris, Ag., of the Cape of Good Hope. L. saccharina is highly esteemed in Japan, where it is extensively used as an article of diet, being first washed in cold water and then boiled in milk or broth.
Several species of Laminaria, Rhodomenia, Iridma, etc., are included under the Chinese names Hai-tai, Hai-wan, and Kwan-pu, the last being the tangle.—Honigberger ; Powell's Hand book, i. p. 384 ; Dr. J. L. Stewart ; Simmonds' Comm& Product, p. 379 ; Smith, M. III. Ch. See Seaweed.