MALAY PENINSULA, or Tanna-Malayu, ex tends for 500 miles from the southern extremity of Tenasserim almost to the equator, the island of Singapore being in lat. 1° 41' N. Its width varies from 50 to 150 miles, and the entire area will be about 83,000 square geographical miles. The possession of it is chiefly divided between the British and the Siamese. Engagements have been formed by the British with the Kedah State, which is tributary to Siam, and with the Inde pendent States of Perak, Selangor, the Con federate States of Rambowe, Sungei Ujong, Johole, Sree-Menanti, and Johore. The districts of Tringanu and Kelantan are also protected by the British Government, under the treaty of Bankok. A forest-clad mountain chain, rising in Perak to ascertained heights of 8000 feet, runs down its whole-length near the centre, with extensive outlying spurs and alluvial plains on both sides. In. the early part of the 19th century, Newbold thus estimated the population , On the west side of the Peninsula are the Native States of Kedah, Perak, Selangor, and Stingei Ujong, the last three of which are under British- protection ; and on the east are Patani, Kelantan,. Tiinganu, and Pahang ; the southern extremity being occupied by the state of Johore. The interior; which is scarcely at all known, contains towards its centre the Negri Sembilan, a confederation: of eight (formerly nine) small states. The northern and eastern states of Kedah, Patani, Kalantan, Pahang, and Trin ganu are more or less tributary to the Siamese empire, which at intervals has exacted a golden rose, the token of vassalage, from every state in the Peninsula..
The British. possessions in the Peninsula are the detached provinces of Wellesley, with the leis:ix' of Penang, also Ding Dings, Malacca, and the island of 'Singapore, 'and in 1881 their respective Population was as under ;— The East .India Company acquired Penang in 1775, Province Wellesley in 1798, Singapore in 1823; and Malacca in 1824... These were under the Jule of the E. I. Company until they were consolidated in 1867 into one government under the British dominion, and are known as the Straits SettleMents.
The Ding Dings, a lively group of small islands, ceded to Britain by the Pangkor treaty.
The mainland of :the Peninsula, with the ex ception of a few diminutive Negro mountaineers, is occupied by Malays, or by men of that race, for' the several wild tribes in the interior speak Malay language, and have' the physical form as' the Malays, although not calling them selves by this name, and their language containing many words, that are not Malay. . • '.
;wild tribes -have 1Deent,vaguely,estimated at 11,000 souls. .Thg Semang race are found in the forests of Kedah, Tringanu, Perak, and Selangor.' Jakuns inhabit thwsouth. part the Peninsula, from about Selangor on the west coast, and Kemaman on the east, and extending nearly as far as Singapore. signi fies men of the soil. All these various wild tribes are ordinarily classed this general and ex.' pressive appellation, Orang Binua or Orang Utan, and in .Perak the Sakei ; there are also the Udai, Hale, Belanda, , Besisik, the seafaring Selong, and the seafaring Akkye or Rapt Laut or Orang Laut, men of the sea. . _ The &many are about the same height as Malaya, but their hair, instead of being lank and straight like theirs, is short and curly, though not that of the African Negro, and their skins are of a dark brown, nearly black. Their noses incline to be flat, their foreheads recede, and their lips are thick. They are singu larly shy, and shun intercourse with men of other, races.
With the Sakei or Jakun, Orang Binua or Orang Utan, the mouth is wide and • the lips are large, the lower part of the face. projects, the nose is small, the nostrils, are divergent, and the cheek bones are prominent. The hair is very abundant and long, and usually matted and curly, but not They have broad chests, and very sturdy, muscular limbs. They are much shorter in stature than the Malays; the men in some of the tribes rarely exceeding 4 feet 8 inches in height, and the women 4 feet 4 inches.