SUNN. BENG., BIND. Crotalaria pancea, Chore Bunn, . . BENG. Taag ..... MAUR. ;Acosta pat, . . „ Wucito nar, . LEA 11. Brown hemp, . . ENO. Sana, . . . . SANSK. Hemp, &Um hemp, „ Kenna, . . . . SINGH.
Konkani hemp, 99 Janapa, Shanapa-nar,Tam.
Salsetto hemp, . „ Vuekoo-nar, . . . „ Bombay hemp, . „ Janamoo, . . . . TEL.
Sunn fibre is an article of extensive export. The plant is hugely grown all over India for the manufacture of rope, string, and gunny bags. Dr. Wight gave the following as the results of his experiments of the strength of fibres . ..... . 224 lbs.
l'ooley Mungi (Hibiscus camiabinus), . . 200 „ Stand (Sanseviera Zcylanlea), . . . 316 „ Cotton (Goggypium berbaceum), . . . 316 „ Cutrthalay nar (Agave Americana), . . 362 „ Janapa (Crotalaria jnucca), Sum', 407 „ Yercum (Calotropis gigantea), . . . 552 „ Jt is equal to Petersburg hemp for many purposes, and when well prepared will bear com parison with flax. In February and March, soon after the flowers drop, and before the seed is ripe, it plucked up by the roots ; the stems, which are about five feet long, aro tied in bundles, aud steeped in water, weighted with stones. A few
days thereafter, they arc beaten, which detaches the integument and coarse cellular tissue, after which they are well washed in repeated waters, and the iudividual fibres picked out, free of the vegetable mucous and other impurities. It is then to be well beaten in water, to free it from impurities, wrung, and hring over bamboo fmmes to dry.
It requires but comparatively little tillage, and 1 not much after-tending. The plants, when site I and soil agree, attain to a height of 8 to 9 feet. ? The hemp is bought in the bazar about 7 lbs. per ropc made of it at 5 lbs. weight for a shilling. Paper ig made front this article.— Cat. Ex., 1862 ; ..1Incl. Er, I?.