PANCH, HIND., five ; from the Sanskrit Pan cam, PANJ., PERSIAN ; hence Pani, the hand ; Pente, Ga., Quinque, LAT., Cinq, Fa. Punch is a frequently occurring word in compounds.
Punch, five, is said to be the origin of -Punch, who has himself, Judy, the dog, the devil, and the child ; also of the drinking punch with its five ingredients,—spirits, water, sugar, the lemon, and spice, or, according to another account, spirits, tea, sugar, demons, and water.
Pancha Ganga Ghat, the five rivers to which Hindu pilgrimages are made.
Panchayat or Panchait, a native court of arbitration, originally consisting of, as the name implies, five members, but which may consist of any number. The Panchayat of India is identical with the Hebrew and Roman custom of elders sitting at the gate, the wpoinuce of the Greeks ; in Ceylon, it is the Gam-sabawa.—Tennant's Ceylon.
Panchajanya or Panchaganya, the Sanchasura conch or shank shell trumpet of Krishna. It was formed from that of the sea-demon Panchajana.— As. lies. iii. 399, viii. 301.
Pancha karatta, the five great gods or lords, also the five faces of Siva.
Panchal, Panchala, or Pancham bandam, the five artisan castes of the Hindus, viz. :— The Panchala wear the Brahmanical thread, and some of those amongst the Mahrattas and Tamils claim to be Brahmans.
Pancha-linga, he who has five lingo, a name of Siva, probably from the five places celebrated for his symbol, viz. :—(1) Conjeveram, where there is the Prithivi - linga, or linga made of earth ; (2) Jambukeswara, where the Ab-linga is said to exude water perpetually; (3) Tiruna male, where the tejo-linga sparkles with light ; (4) Kalahasti, where there is the Vayu-linga, the lamp of which is said to be in constant vibration with the wind ; and (5) Chidambara, where there is the Akasa-linga or ethereal linga, an imaginary linga worshipped without any material form of it being kept in the temple.
The Sankhya philosophy reckons five organs of Sense and five organs of actions ; also five ele ments produced from the five subtle particles, ether, air, fire, water, and earth.
Pancha - gavya or Pancha - kavya, the five products of the cow,—cow-dung, urine, curds, milk, and ghi, sacred to the Hindu.
Pancharatna, five precious articles, gold, silver, pearls, crystal, and the emerald.
Pancha —? The five sweet juices, curds, milk, ghi, sugar, and honey.
Pancha —? The twigs of five trees, Ficus Indica, F. religiosa, F. glomerata, Mangifera Indica, and Mimusops elengi.
Pancha —? The five astringent juices from macerating in water the barks of Eugenia jam Bombax heptaphyllum, Sida rhomboidea, Zizyphus jujuba, and Sesbania grandiflora.
Panchanga, SANSK., a form of salutation with Hindus. An almanac ; a calendar.
Panchain, HIND., the dominant fifth in the musical scale.
Panchama, the fifth lunar day of the bright or dark half of each month.
Pancha-maha-patika, in Hinduism, the five ens sins, viz killing a Brahman, stealing 1, drinking spirits, intercourse with the wife a spiritual preceptor, and association with a on who has committed these sins.
'ancha-tnaha-sabda, the martial drum, one of insignia of royalty of the Chnlukya dynasty ii ruling at Kalyan.
'anchamarits, Mahomed and his four con mtial lies. ix. p. 143, x. p. 96.
l'anchakki of Nepal, a water-wheel, a water-mill on the bank of a river.
Panetta Shegam, a Hindu ceremony, which con sists of pouring milk on the lingam. It is after wards very carefully preserved, and some drops of it are given in the Panch Sliegam office to dying people, that they may merit the delights of their heaven.
Panchani Bandham, five servile tribes in Kar nata, of whom arc the Pareya, Bulwau, Chakili, and Toty.
Panels Mukhi, five-faced, a name of Mahadeva.
l'ancha Vaddium, five musical instruments of Malabar, viz., Jenta, Chengalain, Ilatalom, etc., sounded three times daily, before Hindu princes.
Panclia-Vrikaha, the five trees of Swarga, the heaven of Indra. Their names were Hari Chandana, Kalpa Yrikaha, Mandam, Parijataka, and Santana.
Panch-Chulia, five fireplaces, the kitchen of the goddess Nanda, in a mountain in Kamaon ; its two east peaks are 22,673 and 21,114 feet above the sea.
Panch Dravid and Panch Gaur are usually taken to indicate the Hindu arrangement of the Dravida and Gaur tongues, also the Dravida and Gaur Brahmans. The pandits named the five Dravida tongues, the Telinga, Kanatika, Mahrati, Gurjara, and Dravida or Tamil proper ; but at present Dr. Caldwell displaces the Gnrjara or Gujarati and the Mahrati, and considers the Dravida proper or Tamil, the Telinga, and the Karnataka (Kannada or Canarese) to be the three principal languages of the Dravidian family ; and he adds thereto the Malealam, the Tulu, and the unculti vated Toda, Kota, Gond, and Ku, making alto gether nine Dravidian or Tamilian tongues. The five Gaur Brahmans are Kanya-Kubhya, Gaur, Saraawat, 3faithal, and Ut-Kala.
Panch-patta, HIND., a striped silk of Ahmad abad.
Panch-Pira also Panch-tan, a place in Ulwar or Mewat, consecrated to five Muhammadan saints.
Panchrangi of Dharwar has a warp of silk and weft of cotton ; worn ordinarily by dancing women, not considered fit for respectable women.