SHAH ALAM II., emperor of Inclia, 1759 1806. He was son of Alamg,rir Ir. After the battle of Panipat, the Muhammadan dynasty of Delili never afterwards formed a stable govermnent, and the nominal sovereig,n, Shah Alan), Placed himself under the protection of the British. He resided at Allahabad until in 1771 the Mahrattas replaced him on his throne at Dehli, and he remained their prisoner until released by Lord Lake in 1803. Shah Alan) was long blind. Gholam Kadir, a Rohilla, the son of a former prime minister, made Shah Alain prisoner, and, after treating him and all his family with great ignominy, demanded from him a treasure which was supposed to be hidden. The old emperor, with perfect truth, replied that if there was any such, he for one was in total ignorance of it. Then,' said Gholam Kadir, you are of no further use in the world, and should be blinded." Alas,' replied the old man, do uot so ; you may spare these old eyes that for sixty years have grown dim with the daily study of God's word.' The spoiler then ordered his followers to torture the sons and grandsons of the emperor, who had followed and now surrounded their parent. This last outrage broke down the old man's patience. Take iny sight,' he cried, rather than force upon it scenes like these.' Gholam Kadir at once leaped from the throne, felled the old man to the ground, threw himself upon the prostrate monarch's breast, and, as some historians relate, struck out one of his eyes with his own dagger. Then rising, he ordered a by
stander to complete the work. On his refusing, he slew him with his OW11 hand. The emperor W118, however, completely blinded, and removed amid the shrill lamentations of women, and the calmer, but not less passionate, curses of men. Fifteen years afterwards, the blind old emperor became a pensioner, at the age of 86, of the British Government, and ended his days in peace, though shorn of all his imperial dignity.
SlIAII-BAZ. Him). lintnaetus cristatellus, Town. In Sind the baz or shah-baz is the female, and the zorru or kiwi]] is the male. It is a native of Khorasan. The shah-baz gulab or yellow-eye hawk is a noble bird. In Persia the shali-baz or hawk-king is a large grey goshawk with yellow eyes, caught in the hills of Afghan istan and its surrounding regions, brought down to the plains, and sold, when well reclaimed, trained, and in good condition, for /5 or The tierce let or male, is, as usual, much smaller than the female, and is called jurrnh in Persian, the active. Both are unconnnonly strong and brave. They are acconnted the noblest birds ; the sher-baz, lion-hawk, is the falcon or psregrine of Bokhara and the snowy regions.