SIVIETENIA CHLOROXYLON. Roxb.
Chloroxylon Swietenia, D. C. Satin-wood, . . ENG. Mal-burute, . • SINGH. Dhoura, . . . . iinw. Kodowah porsh, . TA.u.
I Burute, Baruch, . Sunni. Billuga, Billu karra, TEL This cabinet wood is well known for its glossy yellow shades. The tree grows in tho Peninsula of India, at.Gokak, on sandstone hills, and on the Alleh-Bella Hills, also in Ceylon, and is recog,nised to be of two kinds there,—the ordinary satin wood, which is used for oil-presses, waggon wheels, bullock carts, bridges, cog-wheels, build ings, and furniturcs ; 'and the flowered satin-lustred samples of the same wood, which is used for picture-frames, furniture backs of hair-brushes, cabinet-work, and next b; e,alamander is the most , valuable of the Ceylon woods. It is hard, weighs 55 or 57 lbs. to the cubic foot, and is supposed to last about 80 years. It occurs in the Northern Circars. Very fine satin-wood grew at Kutapatti , in the Tengricotta taluk of Salem, but Dr.1 Cleghorn supposes that a good deal of the oldest and best was destroyed by the railway contractors.' It is used in the 3Iadras Presidency for the naves of gun-carriage wheels, and is .the best suited of
all the 3fadras woods for fuses. In beauty and lustre the flowered samples rival the bird's-eye maple of America. In England the best variety of the wood is tho West Indian, imported from St. Domingo in square logs and planks from 9 to 20 inches wide ; the next in quality is the East Indian, shipped from -Singapore and Bombay in round logs from 9 to 30 inches in diameter ; and the most inferior is from New Providence, in sticks from 3I to 10 inches square. The wood is close, not so hard as boxwood, but omewhat like it in colour, or rather more orange ; some pieces aro very beautifully mottled and curled. It is now principally used for brushes, and somewhat for turning ; the finest kinds are cut into veneers, which are then expensive. The Nassau wood is generally used for brushes. The wood has au agreeable scent, and is sometimes called yellow sanders. The price in the Madras Presidency is nearly the same as that of teak and blackwood. —Roxb. ; Tredgold ; Dr. Cleghorn's Cons. Rep. p. 15, for 1860 ; 111.E.J.R.; L.E.J.R.