SOW-YEW. Brum. The egg tree of the Karen-nee, chisel-handle tree of the English in Burma, is stated by Dr. 31ason to be a species of Dalbergia. Its maximum girth 21 cubits, and maximum length 10 feet. Found scattered all over the Amherst, Tavoy, and 3fergui forests, inland, in undulating ground only, not near water. When seasoned, it floats on water. It is used ,by Burmese in preference to any other for handles of chiaels and Wag, also for helves of axes and hatchets. It is n very hard, fine-grained wood, unequalled for such tools as chisels which are struck with a hammer or mallet. This wood is of a yellowish-white in colour, with patches of black interspersed. It is alwaya procurable in the tnarkets.—Caplain Dance.
SOY. Tsiang-yu, CHIN. j Soya, JAP. A well known sauce made from the Soja hispida, which grows in China and Japan. Java. it is pro curet' from the Phaseolus radiatus, the green pram, hare° moong, or putchay payroo of India. The beans are boiled soft with equal quantities of wheat or barley, and left for three months to ferment ; salt and water are then added, when the liquor is pressed and strained. Its price is about Gs. per gallon in the London market. Genuine soy is well flavoured, thick, brown, and clear.
and when shaken in a glass, it should have a coat on the surface of a brightyellowish-brown colour. The best is exported from Japan. The flavour and ingredients of soy vary considerably, even among the people who make it, and much of that exported is supposed to be more or lesa adulter ated. Chinese use the Soja hispida pulse when ripe for the manufacture of an oil, and give the remnant of the grain, together with stalks and leaves of the plant, as a food for cattle. Its cultivation has become general in Syria, Dal matia, and 11 ungary. In the two former countries, the grain, after being allowed to ripen, is threshed out and roasted, and then employed for making coffee. In China, the grains are soaked till they swell and beconfe soft, and then cooked like the small sort of beans. In other places, the seeds are set in a very damp, watery soil, and kept in darkness till they sprout up into a long white stalk, 4 or 5 inches high, which is then cut and served up after the manner of a salad. A sort of cheese, consumed in quantities by tbe poorer people both in China and Japan, is made from Soja hispida. •