TAKI1T. Nils. A throne. Takht nishin, the reigning sovereign.
TAICFIT-i-BAHI, in the country of the Yusuf zai, an early seat of the Aryans, ana called Bahai by the natives, is an isolated, barren hill of no great height, about 8 miles west of Fort Hoti Mardan in Yusufzai. It forms irregularly three sides of a square, with the open side towards the north-west. The inner slopes of this hill are covered with the still standing shells of lofty buildings, constructed of hewn stones ; most of them have at least been of two storeys, the open ings for the beams of the upper floor and the windows reznaining to attest the fact.
TAKHT-i-JAMSHID, the throne of Jamshid, are the ruins of Persepolis. See Naksh-i-Rus toom.
TAKHT-i-RA1VAN. PERS. A light frame fixed on two strong poles like those of a sedan chair. The frame is covered generally with cloth, and has a door, sonaetimes of lattice-work, at each side ; it is carried by two mules, one between the poles before, the other behind. The Kajawali is a , kind of cradle, swung one on each side of a mule. —Ouseley's 7'r. p. 251 ; Rich's Kurdistan, i. p. 6.
TAKHT-i-SULAIMAN, a bare high ridge of rugged stone on a plain at the edge of the town of Ush in Khokand.
TAKHT-i-SULAIMAN, a mountain in lat. 34° 4' 8" N., and long. 74° 53' E. in Kashmir, over looking Srinuggur, standing 1000 feet above the plain. It commands a noble view of the valley and its surrounding ridges of snow-topped peaks. On its crest, 6950 feet above the sca, stands the most ancient building in Kashinir, the temple of Jyeshteswara, which, aeeording to tradition, has existed since B.C. 220, and to have been built by Jasoka, son of Asoka. It is now called Sankarachara.—Cole. III. Anc. Build. Kash I nth- ; Imp. Gaz.
TAKHT-i-SULAIMAN, a peak of the Sulaiman mountains between the Panjab and Afghanistan, has two summits, respectively 11,317 and 11,076 feet. Two parallel ridges, distant about 4 miles' from each other, aro joined by a plateau of about one mile in breadth, which runs from the northern peak of the western range to the southern peak of the eastern range. The southern peak, on which is Solomon's throne,' is very steep and almost inaccessible, while the northern, which is higher, is well wooded. The view obtained is magnificent.
TAKI1T-i-TAOS, the famous peacock throne of the emperors of Datil, was so called from its having the figures of two peacocks with their tails spread. They were so naturally executed in sapphires, rubies, emeralds, pearls, and other precions stones of appropriate colours, as to represent life, and strike every beholder with the most dazzling. splendour. The throne itself was
6 feet long by 4 feet broad; it stood on six ina.s.sive feet, which, with the body, were of solid gold, inlaid with rubies, emeralds, and diamonds. It was surmounted by a canopy of gold supported by t welve pillars, all richly emblazoned with costly gems, and a fringe of pearls ornamented the borders of the canopy.—Tr. of Iliad. p. 297.
TAK1, an ancient kingdom which at one time embraced the whole of the plains of the Northern Panjab frotu the Indus to the Beas, and from the foot of the mountains to the junction of the five rivers below Multan. Taki, the Tsc-kia of Hiwen Thsang, was the capital, and was within ft few miles of Sakala, another ancient capital mentioned in the Mahabharata, the Sangala of Arrian. The Sakala people (the Adraistm or Arashtra) were the Madra, Aratta., Jarttika, and Bahika, according to the Mahabbarata, which says the Bahika were the same as the Takka, from which last is the name of their old capital of Taxila or Takkasila, as known to the Greeks. The Takka race still exist in considerable numbers in the Panjab Hills, and their alphabetical characters, under the designa tion of Takri or Takni, are used by all the Hindus of Kashmir and the northern mountains, from Simla and Subathu to Kabul and Bamian. Arrian places the Sangala or Sakala. on the Ravi, and styles them Adraistm, from the Sanskrit Arashtra, meaning kingless.
The province of Taki contained several of the most celebrated places of ancient India, some renowned in the wars of Alexander, some famous in Buddhist history, and others known only in the widely-spread traditions of the people. The names of the Doabs were invented by Akbar, by com bining the names of the including rivers. Thus Chaj is an abbreviation of Chenab and Jhelum, ' Recinta of Ravi and Chenab, and Bari of Beas and Ravi.
In the 7th century, the kingdom of Taki was divided into three provinces, namely, Taki in the north and west, Shorkot in the east, and Multan in the south. The province of Taki comprised the plains of the Panjab lying between the Indus and the Beas, to the north of the Multan district, or the whole of the Chaj Doab, together with the upper portion of the Denbo of Sind-Sagur, Rechtut, and Bari. The province of Shorkot cent prised the middle portiona of these Doabs, and the province of Multan, their lower portions.— IL Elliot; Cunningham's India, p. 152.