THAYETMY0, a military station in Pegu, near the British frontier. It gives its name to a dis trict, of which it is the chief civil station, in lat. 19° 18' 43" N., and long. 95° 15' 40" E., on the right bank of the Irawadi. Thayetmyo signifies 'Mango city; ' but this if; said to be a corruption of That-yet-rnyo,' or 'City of Slaughter,' so called, as tradition alleges, from one of its early rulers, who killed his sons in order that they might not rebel against' him when they grew to manhood. The district is 2397 square miles ; pop. (1881), 169,560 souls. On the east and west are the Pegu and Arakan Yoma ranges respectively; and the face of the country, where it does not rise into mountains, is everywhere broken by low ranges of hills, ninny of which are barren and destitute of all vegetation.
Several salt and hot springs occur in Thayet district. Oi miles north-north-west from Ka-ma is situated the spot where the curions manifesta tion known as the 'Spirit Fire' takes place. This is caused by the ignition by some unknown means of the gas which is stored up in subterranean cracks. Petroleum is found near Pa-douk-beng, 7 miles north-north-west from Thayetmyo; also at Bhan-byeng, about 9 miles from the scune town.
The cotton of Thayet is perhaps the best in Burma. It is grown entirely in toungya clearings, and is geeerally sown with rice or sesainum. The cotton-cleaning machine consists of a frame work of four posts, a bamboo pedal, a fly-wheel, and two cylinders placed close to one another, the upper one being of thin iron and the lower some what larger and of ',soot]. 'The bamboo pedal is attached by a string to the fly-wheel, and the wooden cylinder has a handle at the end opposite to the fly - wheel. With this apparatus, olio operator will clean about 12 viss (43 lbs.) of raw cotton in a day, turning out about 4f viss (16 lbs.) of cleaned cotton. It is also the largest tobacco growing district in Burma. The plant is grown chiefly on sandbanks in the Irauadi, which are snbinerged during the rains.
Protne and Thayetinyo supply the greater por tion of the catechu manufactured in British Burma. The mulberry tree is extensively cultivated for the rearing of silk-worms. The price of raw silk varies from 11, 10s. to £2 per viss (3-G5 lbs.).— Gaz. Census 1881.