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Minal
Minal.] By 7 Wm. Iv. & 1 Vict. C. 89, 5, It Is Made Felony Punishable By Death To Exhibit False Lights Or Signals With Intent To Bring Any Ship Or Vessel Into Danger, Or To Do Anything Tending To The Imme Diate Loss Or Destruction Of Ships Or ...

Mint
Mint. The Place Where Money Is Coined, From The Anglo-saxon And That In All Probability From The Latin Enoneta. It Is A Part Of The Royal Preroga Tive To Coin Money. [comma.] The Roman Moneta Was The Place Where The Money Was Coined. It Was A Building On The Capitoline ...

Monachism Monk
Monk, Monachism, Monas Tery. Monachism, As The Term Implies, Pro Perly Means A Solitary Life; But We Now Usually Understand By It The Life Of Persons Who Are Under Religious Vows, And Live In Monasteries, Abbeys, Or Nun Neries. Monasteries (aovosrrhpuz) Are Places Of Residence For Persons Who Have Devoted ...

Monarchy
Monarchy, From The Greek Pomp Zia, A Word Compounded Of Novo*, Alone,' And The Element Avow, ' Govern,' And Sig Nifying The Government Of A Single Per Son.' The Word Monarchy Is Properly Applied To The Government Of A Pohtical Community In Which One Person Exercises The Sovereign Power. [sovaamorry.] ...

Money
Money Is The Medium Of Exchange By Which The Value Of Commodities Is Es Timated, And Is At Once The Representative And Equivalent Of Such Value. Barter Is Naturally The First Form In Which Any Commerce Is Carried On. A Man Having Produced Or Obtained More Of Any Article Than ...

Monopoly
Monopoly, From The Greek Mono 'lona (novonoxla), Which Occurs In Aris Totle's Politick (i. 11), Where It Is Used Simply In The Sense Of A Man Buying Up The Whole Of A Commodity So As To Be The Sole Holder Of It, And To Have The Power Of Selling It ...

Mont De Piete Monte
Mont De Pie'te' ( Monte Di Pieta', In Italian), A Benevolent Insti Tution Which Originated In Italy In The Fifteenth Century, The Object Of Which Was To Lend Money To Necessitous People At A Moderate Interest. The Jews, Who Were The Great Money-lenders In That Age, Ex Acted An Enormous ...

Mony
Mony. A Party Who Has An Interest In Property, But Not Such An Interest As Enables Him Immediately To Prosecute His Claim, Or A Party Who Is In Possession Of Property And Fears That His Right May At Some Future Time Be Disputed, Is Entitled To Examine Witnesses In Order ...

Mortgage
Mortgage. A General Notion Of A Mortgage May Be Collected From The Following Passage In Littleton ( 332), Who Treats Of Mortgages, As Then In Use, Under The General Head -of Estates Upon Condition. " If A Feoffment Be Made Upon Such Condition, That If The Feoffor Pay To The ...

Mortmain
Mortmain. By The 9 H. Iii. C. 36 (magna Charta), It Was Declared That It Should Not Be Lawful For The Future For Any Person To Give His Land To A Religious House, So As To Take It Back Again And Hold It Of The House ; And Any Such ...

Muhl
Muhl Transportation For Seven Years, Or Imprisonment For Any Term Not Exceeding Three Years Nor Less Than One Year, With Hard Labour. 1. Forgery Of The Seals, Stamps Or Signatures Of Such Certificates, Official Or Public Documents, Proceedings Of Corpo Rations, Or Joint Stock Or Other Compa Nies, Or Certified ...

Municipal Corporations
Municipal Corporations. The Term Municipal Is Derived From The Latin Adjective Municipalis, Which Signi Fies Appertaining To A Municipium. The Word Municipium Had Several Early His Torical Signification Among The Romans, Which It Is Not Necessary To Explain Here. We Use The Roman Term Municipal To Indicate The Corporation Of ...

Murder
Murder. In The Earlier Periods Of I English Jurisprudence, Murder, Mardrum, Was A Term Used To Describe The Secret Destruction Of Life, Witnessed And Known By None Besides The Slayer And Any Ac Complices That He Might Have. Murdntm Was Also The Name Of A Pecuniary Penalty Imposed, Until The ...

Mutiny Act
Mutiny Act, The, Is A Series Of Re Gulations Which, From Year To Year, Are Enacted By The Imperial Parliament Of Great Britain For The Government Of The Military Force Of The Country. Laws Have, At Various Times, Been Made By The Authority Of The Crown For The Maintenance Of ...

National Debt
National Debt. If We Bring Into Account The Wealth Possessed By Her Citizens Individually, England Is The Richest Country In Europe. The Amount Of Her Public Debt, On The Other Hand, So Infinitely Beyond The Debt Of Any Other State, Would Seem To Indicate That, Consi Dered Apart From That ...

Naturalization
Naturalization, From The Latin Naturalis, Natural. " If An Alien Be Na Turalized," Says Coke (co. Lit., 129, A), " He Shall Be To All Intents As A Natural Subject, And Shall Inherit As If He Had Been Born Within The King's Legiance." (allegiance.] This Rule However Is Subject To ...

Newspapers
Newspapers. On The Origin Of Newspapers Much Has Been Written, But The Question Is Still Unsettled. 'the Eng Lish Mercury,' Of 1588, Which Has Till Lately Passed For The Earliest Printed Newspaper, Is Shown To Be A Forgery By Mr. Thomas Watts, Of The British Mu Seum. Mr. Watts Observes ...

Nisi
Nisi Piz/us. This Phrase In English Law Is Derived From An Ancient Writ Con Tinued In Practice To The Present Day, In Which The Words Occur. Previously To The Time Of Edward I., Trials By Assizes Or Juries Could Only Take Place In The Curia Regis Wherever The King Happened ...

Noble Nobility
Nobility, Noble. The Term No Bility Is From The Latin Nobilitas, Which Was Used To Signify Both The Rank Of A Noble And The Whole Body Of Nobles. We Also Have The Word Nobility In Both Senses. The Original Aristocracy Of Rome Were The Patricians. When The Plebeian Body Became ...

Nomy
Nomy. Some Writers Who Have Laid Down The Doctrines Of Natural And Market Price As Above Stated, Have, However, Not Over Looked The Facts Which Are Exceptions To The Doctrine. Professor Tucker Remarks (the Laws Of Wages, Profits, And Rent, Introduction, P. 8), " All Commodities May Therefore Be Divided ...

Nonconformists
Nonconformists. Nonconfor Mity Is The Term Employed To Designate Protestant Dissent From The Church Of England. It Was In The Reign Of Edward Vi. That The English Reformed Church First Received A Definite Constitution. During The Time Of Henry Viii. It Re Mained In A Great Measure Unsettled, And Was ...

Notary
Notary. This Word Is Derived From The Roman Name Notaries, A Person Who Was So Called From His Taking Down In Notes Or Writing (nott) The Words Of A Speaker. The Notarii Were In Fact Short Hand Writers, And It Is Clear From Many Passages Of Ancient Writers That They ...

Oath
Oath. Oaths Have Been In Use In 311 Countries Of Which We Have Any Exact Information, And It Is Probable That There Is No Nation Which Has Any Clear Notion Of A Supreme Being, Or Of Superior Beings, That Does Not Make Use Of Oaths On Certain Solemn Occasions. An ...

Of The Peace
Of The Peace.] The Following Account Is Generally Given Of The Origin Of The Present Justices Of The Peace. Upon The Compulsory Re Signation Of Edward Ii., Edward Iii., Or Rather His Mother Isabella, In His Name, Sent Writs To The Different Sheriffs, Stating That His Accession Had Taken Place ...

Office Found
Office Found. By The Common Law Of England, Where The King Is En Titled, Upon The Occurrence Of Certain Events, To Take Possession Of Real Or Per Sonal Propnly Previously Belonging To A Subject, The Facts Upon Which The King's Title Accrues Must Be First Ascertained By An Inquisition Or ...

Ondina
Ondina . This Term Commonly Signifies The Bishop Of The Diocese, Who Is In General, And Of Common Right, The Ordinary Judge In Ecclesiastical Causes Arising Within His Jurisdiction. (lindwoode's Provinciale, Lib. I., Tit. 3.) The Term Is Also Applied To The Commis Sary Or Official Of The Bishop, And ...

Or Alodium Allodium
Allo'dium, Or Alo'dium, Pro Perty Held In Absolute Dominion, Without Rendering Any Service, Rent, Fealty, Or Other Consideration Whatsoever To A Supe Rinr.cudal Tenure.] It Is Opposed To Feo Um Or Fief [fief; Feudal Sys Ten], Which Means Property The Use Of Which Is Bestowed By The Proprietor Upon Another, ...

Or Archives Archive
Archive, Or Archives, A Cham Ber Or Apartment Where The Public Papers Or Records Of A State Or Community Are Deposited : Sometimes, By A Common Figure, Applied To The Papers Themselves. The Word Archive Is Ultimately Derived From The Greek 'apxelow (archeion). The Greek Word Archeion Seems, In Its ...

Or Atheling
Atheling, Or /etheling. The Indications, In The Saxon Period Of Our History, Of Anything Like The Hereditary Nobility Of The Times After The Conquest Are Exceedingly Few: Certainly, The Sys Tem Which Gives To Particular Families Particular Names Of Distinction And Parti-, Cular Social Privileges, Which Are To De Scend ...

Or Col Lege Of
Heralds' College, Or Col Lege Of Arms, A Corporation Founded By Richard Iii. In The First Year Of His Reign By A Charter Dated The 2nd Of March, 1483, In Which He Gives To The Principal Officers Of The Corporation A House Called Colde Arbor, In The Parish Of All ...

Or Conlegium Collegium
Colle'gium, Or Conle'gium (from The Word Colligo, " To Collect Or Bring Together"), Literally Signifies Any Association Or Body Of Men. The Word Corpus Was Also Used In The Same Sense, And Those Who Were Members Of A Col Legium Or Corpus Were Hence Called Cor Pored ; From Which ...

Or Kin Consanguinity
Consanguinity, Or Kin, Is The Relation Subsisting Between Persons Who Are Of The Same Blood, Or, In Other Terms, Who Are Descended From The Same Stock Or Common Ancestor. There Can Be No Legal Consanguinity Without A Legal Mar Riage. [bastsain.] Consanguinity Is Either Lineal Or Collateral. Lineal Con Sanguinity ...

Or Law Merchant Lex
Lex Mercatoria, Or Law Merchant, In A General Sense, Denotes The Usages And Customs Of Merchants Which, Having Been Adopted As Part At The Law Of Most Countries, And Particu Larly Of Maritime States, For The Proteo Tion And Encouragethent Of Trade, Have Been Termed A Branch Of The Law ...

Or Ligeance Allegiance
Allegiance, Or Ligeance, Is Defined By Coke Thus :" Ligeance, Ligando, Is The Highest And Greatest Obli Gation Of Duty And Obedience That Can Be. Ligeance Is The True And Faithful Obedi Ence Of A Liegeman Or Subject To His Liege Lard Or Sovereign. Ligeantia Est Vincu Him Fidei Ligeantia ...

Or Nusance Nuisance
Nuisance, Or Nusance, Is A Term Derived Immediately From The French Nuisance, And Ultimately From The Latin Nocere "to Hurt ;" It Signifies An Unlawful Act Or Omission Which Occasions Annoyance, Damage, Or Inconvenience To Others. Nuisances May Either Be Illegal Acts Or Omissions Of Legal Duties, And Are Of ...

Or Pious Uses Uses
Pious Uses. (uses, Or More Properly The Office Of The Clerk Of The Pipe, A Very Ancient Office In The Court Of Exchequer. It Was Formerly At Westminster, But Was Removed To Somerset House Towards The Close Of The Last Century, Where The Duties Of The Office Were Performed, And ...

Or Rever Sion Life
Life Insurance, Or Rever Sion. By A Reversion, In The Widest Sense, Is Meant A Right Of Property The En Joyment Of Which Is To Commence At Some Future Period, Fixed Or Depending On Con Tingencies, And Is To Continue Either For Ever Or During A Term Either Fixed Or ...