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The Diseases of Children

Bronchial Asthma And Asthmatic
Bronchial Asthma And Asthmatic Bronchitis Occurrence And Etiology.—from The Vague General Conception Of "asthma," We May Definitely Separate Bronchial Asthma. The Same Is Characterized By The Occurrence Of Conditions Of Expiratory Dyspncea, Pulmonary Emphysema With Dry Bronchial Catarrh, And Is Dependent On A Neurosis Of The Respiratory System Which Is ...

Bronchiectasis
Bronchiectasis Occurrence And Tilight Dilatations Of The Finer Bron Chi May Rapidly Occur Even In Acute Bronchial Catarrh, Especially' In The Course Of Whooping-cough, But They May Also Disappear Very Rapidly. Chronic Bronchiectasis, Which May Be Clinically Diagnosticated, Occurs Congenitally In Rare Instances, And At Times Develops Very Slowly In ...

Bulbar Diseases
Bulbar Diseases In The Discussion Of Congenital Diseases We Referred To Conditions Characterized By The Presence Of Ocular Palsies And, More Rarely, Of Other Cranial Nerves, And In Accordance With The Autopsy Findings Of Lieubner We Ascribed These Conditions To A Congenital Aplasia Of The Nuclear Region. Similar Palsies Of ...

Burns
Burns According To The Nature And Duration Of The Burn We Distinguish Three Degrees. Burns Of The First Degree Are Caused In Children By Scalding With Water At A Temperatum Of Ba° To 18s° F. Or By Slightly Touching Hot Objects, Etc. The Skin Becomes Red, Swells, Burns, Pains, And ...

Burns And Scalds
, Burns And Scalds Reflected Heat As Well As Flames, Hot Solids, Fluids And Gases May Have Destructive Action Upon The Tissues Of The Body, In Most Cases The Skin And Subcutaneous Tissue Are Affected. The First Degree Of Burn (combustion Mythematosa) Is Shown In The Redness And Swelling Of ...

C Fractures Of The
(c) Fractures Of The Lower End Of The Humerus (elbow) These Are Of Great Importance In Children And Occur In About 20 Per Cent. Of All Fractures. The Numerous Epiphyseal Lines Cause The Structure Of The Newly Formed Bone To He More Porous In This Locality, And Therefore More Ex ...

C Ophthalmia Neonatorum
C. Ophthalmia Neonatorum As In Older Children, Blennorrhcea Of The Newborn Is An Acute Infec Tious Inflammation Of The Conjunctiva Which Is Characterized By Profuse Purulent Secretion And Granular Infiltration. The Method Of Infection In The Newborn, However, Is Unique And The Disease Must Be Classed Amongst The Infections Due ...

Capillary Bronchitis And Bronchopneumonia
Capillary Bronchitis And Bronchopneumonia (catarrhal Pneumonia) Bronchitis Is Apt To Involve The Finer And The Finest Bronchi, And Is Then Designated As Bronchiolitis Or Capillary Bronchitis. With Unusual Frequency The Disease Extends From Here To The Lung Tissues Proper, And In This Way- Leads To A Bronchopneumonia (catarrhal Pneumonia) Which ...

Caput Succedaneltai
Caput Succedaneltai Swellings Occurring On The Presenting Part, As The Result Of Com Pression, Are Constant Sequehe Of Parturition. The Presenting Part, During Its Passage, Is Tightly Squeezed By The Soft Parts, Especially By The Pelvic Diaphragm (stumpf) And The External Os Of The Uterus; This Ligature Of The Presenting ...

Cardiac And Cardio Tuberculous Cirrhosis
Cardiac And Cardio-tuberculous Cirrhosis Cirrhosis From Failure Of The Circulation And Chronic Congestion Presents Peculiar Features To Which The French Have Called Our Attention: Idutinel Has Demonstrated The Especial Importance Of This Form Of Cir Rhosis In Childhood. The Cause Is Chronic Adherent Pericarditis (with More Or Less Complete Obliteration ...

Case
Case 1.—a Child Of Eighteen Months Cannot Walk Well. The Mother States That The Child Never Had Any Pain, Began To Walk When Fourteen Months Old, Has A Limping Gait, Tires Easily, And Appeal?, To Stand Mostly On One Leg. On Examination It Is Found That The Child Limps On ...

Case
Case 2.—a Child Three Years Old. The Mother States That Several Members Of Her Family Limp. The Child Started To Walk When Eighteen Months Old And Has Ever Since Waddled In A Most Peculiar Fashion. Examination Revealed A Marked Lumbar Lo•dosis Combined With A Slight Scoliosis To The Left. While ...

Caseous Peritonitis
Caseous Peritonitis If The Organism Is Not Strong Enough To Overcome The Affection In The Beginning, Caseous Peritonitis Will Develop From The Exudative Form. In Other Cases There Is From The First Only A Minimai Effusion Or None At All, In Which Case The Adhesive Form Will At Once Develop. ...

Catarrhal Stomatitis
Catarrhal Stomatitis Nature, Local Changes.—catarrhal Sfornatitis Is Characterized Clinically By The Special Symptoms Of Inflammation, Namely, Redness, Swelling, Pain And A Hypersecretion Of The Affected Mucous Membranes. A Dark Red Color, As A Rule, Precedes An Evanescent Grayish White Dis Coloration Produced By Cloudy Swelling Of The Superficial Epithelial Layer. ...

Catarrhal And Exudative Forms
Catarrhal And Exudative Forms Angina, The Acute Disease Of The Lymphatic Ring, Is A Part Of A Whole List Of General Infections. It Represents The Main Lesion In Scarlet Fever And Diphtheria, And It Accompanies As A More Or Less Important Disturb Ance The Other Acute Exanthemata, And Influenza, Pneumonia, ...

Cephalocele
Cephalocele (congenital Cerebral Hernia.) At Certain Favorite Places Greater Or Smaller Defects Of The Cranium Are Formed Through Which Its Contents Protrude. The Contents Of The Hernial Sac May Vary, And Accordingly Cephalocele Can Be Divided Into The Following Groups: 1. A Small Portion Of The Cerebral Sac Has Prolapsed ...

Cerebral Infantile Palsy
Cerebral Infantile Palsy (as The Terminal Condition Of Various Diseases Of The Brain) A Number Of Cerebral Affections In Childhood, Which End Neither Il:i Complete Recovery Nor In Death, Leave Behind Certain Anatomical Defects And Clinical Disabilities. A Permanent Condition Results In Which The Child Is Healthy Except For Certain ...

Cerebral Sclerosis
. Cerebral Sclerosis The Term Cerebral Sclerosis Is Used To Describe A Number Of Patho Logic Conditions Characterized Macroscopically By Thickening, Contrac Tion And Brownish Discoloration Of The Brain Substance, Microscopically By Proliferation Of The Connective Tissue, Particularly In The Septa Of The Brain, And In The Perivascular Tissue, And ...

Cerebrospinal Symptom Coniplexes
Cerebrospinal Symptom-coniplexes The Characteristic Signs Of These Forms Of Endogenous Diseases Are Nystagnius, Strabismus, Disturbances Of Speech (bradylalie) Deficiency Of The Intellect, Spasm (spasticity), And Palsies Of The Legs And Arms. Other Symptoms That Occur With Varying Regularity Are: Atrophy Of The Optic Nerve, Ocular Palsies, Tremors, Wobbling Of The ...

Childrens Growth In Weight
Children's Growth In Weight And Height Of The Most Interesting Tasks Of Anthropology Is To Investigate The Growth Of Children From The Time Of Birth To The Completion Of The Period Of Development. The Physician And Hygienist Must Possess A Knowledge Of The Processes Of Growth. This Knowledge Enables Him ...

Chlorosis
Chlorosis Chlorosis Is An Anaemia Which Attacks Almost Exclusively The Female Sex In The Period Of Development And In The Decade Following; Its Origin May, However, Frequently Be Traced To Early Childhood. Nature And Varying Theories Have Been Advanced On The Nature And Etiology Of This Affection. One Mistaken Idea ...

Choice Of A Wet Nurse
Choice Of A Wet-nurse The Choice Of A Wet-nurse By A Physician Is A Difficult And Responsi Ble Task, Which Unfortunately Is Underestimated. Numerous Condi Tions Are To Be Considered, In Order To Do What Is Proper From Both An Ethical And A Hygienic Point Of View. The Greatest Care ...

Chorea Electrica
Chorea Electrica This Term Has Been Applied To Various Morbid Conditions. The Affection Described By Duhini Does Not Appear To Have Been Observed Outside Of Italy And May Be Omitted, As Its Characteristics Have Not Been Sufficiently Defined. Lienoch And Bergeron Apply The Term Chorea Eicctrica To A Condition Characterized ...

Chorea Minor
Chorea Minor The Prominent Symptom In The Disease Which We Designate Chorea Minor, Infectious Or Sydenham's Chorea Is The Choreic Motor Disturb Ance. As Recently' Analyzed By Forster, It Is Compounded Of Peculiar Reaching "spontaneous Movements" And "choreic Disturbances Of Coordination." In This Way The Well-known Characteristic Picture Is Produced. ...

Chronic Atrophic Rhinitis Ozena
Chronic Atrophic Rhinitis (oz.ena) Formerly, All Nasal Affections Having All Offensive Discharge Were Designated By The Term Ozna. In Recent Times, The Term Has Become Restricted, And A Number Of Affections Whch Are Attended By Ulcerations Of The Mucous Membranes And The Osteocartilaginous Framework Have Been Separated. To This Class ...

Chronic Rhinitis
Chronic Rhinitis Chronic Rhinitis Is Characterized, Anatomically And Pathologically, By A Marked Cushion-like Swelling And Redness Of The Mucous Membrane, Most Commonly Seen In The Region Of The Inferior Turbinated Bone With Considerable Enlargement Of The Venous Network. A Genuine Hyper Plasia Of The Tissue Is Less Frequently Present Than ...

Chronic And Interstitial Pneltmonia
Chronic And Interstitial Pneltmonia Etiology And Infrequently, The Symptonis Of Consolidation In Bronchopneumonia Last For 3-6 Months Or Even Longer. This Chronic Pneumonia Is Seen Particularly After Measles, Influenza, And Whooping-cough; Less Frequently After Croupous Pneumonia (iien Och). In The Latter Event, Atypical Forms Are Probably Mostly Responsi Ble, And ...

Cicatricial Stricture
Cicatricial Stricture Of This Kind In Children, With The Exception Of Rare Eases Clue To Necrotic Proeesses Folloning Scarlet Fever, And Diphtheria, Are Produced By Corrosive Injuries Just Described. Pathological Anatomy. —the Kincl And Severity Of The Stricture Depends Upon The Extent Of The Injury. Superficial Lesions Produce The Membranous ...

Ciironic Tuberculous Ascites
Ciironic Tuberculous Ascites This Disease Often Attacks Children That Are Apparently Healthy. An Insidious Onset Is By No Means The Rule. More Frequently, Vague Abdominal Pains, With Moderate Fever, Nausea, And Vomiting, Usher In The Disease. Marfan Has Drawn Our Attention To The Frequency Of Pleu Ritic Friction At The ...

Cirrhosis Froni Congenital Obliteration
Cirrhosis Froni Congenital Obliteration Of Tiie Bile Ducts Congenital Obliteration Of The Bile Ducts Is A Not Unusual Malfor Mation. The Cirrhosis Is Brought About By Simple Stagnation Of The Bile, Such As Can Be Produced Experimentally. In Two Of My Cases The Common Bile Duct Was Replaced By A ...

Classification Of The Diseases
Classification Of The Diseases Of Nutrition The Foregoing Discussion On Etiology And Pathogenesis Has Demon Strated That Our Points Of View Are In A Transition Stage, And Have Attained No Definite Clearness. A Survey Of The Attempts At Classifica Tion Of The Diseases Of Nutrition By Various Authors Offers A ...

Cleft Palate
Cleft Palate (tiranoschisis, Pala Oschi6is.) Pathological Anatomy And The Cleft Contin Ues Through The Alveolar Process And The Superior Maxilla (gnat Hoschisis, Maxillary Cleft) And If It Further Involves The Upper Boundary Of The Buccal Cavity, It Is Termed Cleft Palate (palatoschisis). The Union Between The Hard Palate And The ...

Cleidomastoid 11uscle
Cleidomastoid 11uscle Dieffenbach First Described This Condition In 1s30 And Also First Brought Out Its Causal Relation With Congenital Wry Neck. Symptoms. —soon After Birth, Or A Few Days Later, A Tumor, Of A Hard, Cartilage-like Consistency, Is Found In The Sternocleidomastoid Muscle And Moreover Usually In Its Sternal Portion; ...

Clinical Forms Of Spasmophilia
Clinical Forms Of Spasmophilia For The History Of This Affection The Reader Is Referred To Frankl— Hochwart's Exhaustive Article On The Subject In Nothnagel's Encyclo Pedia (handbuch). The Chief Symptom Of The Manifest Form Consists In Tonic Convul Sions Of The Extremities, Which Are Frequently Accompanied By Par Msthesia In ...

Club Foot Pes Varus
Club-foot (pes Varus) This Is A Condition In Which The Foot Is Fixed In A Supinated Posi Tion, The Inner Border Turned Upward And The Outer Border Turned Down Ward. The End Of The Foot Is Inverted And At The Same Time Tilted Downward. Congenital Club-foot (pes Yarns Congenitus) Is ...

Coll1 Cysticum Congenitum Lymphangioma
Lymphangioma (iiygroma), Coll1 Cysticum Congenitum Pathological Anatomy.—among The Congenital Tumors Of The Neck Lymphangioma Cystiennt Occupies A Position Of Its Own (figs.:21/a And 20b). It Is A Multilo•ular Tumor, Laterally Situated In The Vicinity Of The Large Vessels Which It Encircles, Has A Downward Course Toward The Clavicle, Penetrates Underneath ...

Como
Como On, Appearances The Causes Of Which A.re Not Yet Entirely Clear.* The Entire Nature Of The Child Is Changed. The Alteration In Its Ex Pression, Which Has Already Been Mentioned, Soon Not Only Accompanies The Nausea Preceding Vomiting, Or The Pain Attending Evacuation, But Becomes Permanent As A Result ...