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The Diseases of Children

Diphtheritic Paralyses
Diphtheritic Paralyses Paresis And Paralysis Occupy The First Place Among The Nervous Complications And Sequels Of Diphtheria. They May Appear Early, Or Late In The Form Of The So-called Postdiphtheritic Paralyses. The Paral Ysis Appearing Early Is Only Localized In The Pharynx, Occurring In The Very Severe Cases, From The ...

Diseases Of Puberty
Diseases Of Puberty The Chief Expression Of Beginning Sexual Power Is The Developing Specific Activity Of The Embryonic Glands. Spermatozoa Mature In The Testicles Of A Boy, Ova In The Ovaries Of A Girl. In The Case Of The Latter, The Fully Developed Ova Are Discharged Regularly, About Every 4 ...

Diseases Of The Appendix
Diseases Of The Appendix Tuberculosis Of The Appendix, Seldom Primary, Enters Little Into This Discus.sion, Save As General Or Intestinal Tuberculosis, Especially Of The Eecal Region. The Complaints And Symptoms Are As A Rule The Same As Those Of Intestinal Tuberculosis. Yet Cases Are Known In Which A Typhlitic Tumor ...

Diseases Of The Blood
Diseases Of The Blood And Of The Preparing Organs The Microscopic Blood Picture In Infantile Blood Diseases Becomes Intelligible Only Through Knowledge Of The Normal Blood In Infancy. The Blood Of The Newborn Infant Exhibits The Following Peculiar Ities According To The Latest Publications Of Schiff, Perlin, Carstanjen, Scipiades, And ...

Diseases Of The Bones
Diseases Of The Bones And Joints The So-called Scrofulous Diseases Of The Bones And Joints Most Assuredly Pertain To The Class Of Tuberculosis And A Discussion Of Them In These Pages Is Only A Concession Made To The Old Term "scrofula," To Which Those Diseases Are Supposed To Belong. The ...

Diseases Of The Cesophagus
Diseases Of The Cesophagus (corrosive (esophagitis) Unfortunate Cases In Which Caustic Chemical Poisons Are Swallowtd By Children, Causing Burns In The Oesophagus, Are Fairly Common. The Substance Most Commonly Swallowed Is Lye, In The Form Of Washing Fluid. Pathological Burns Do Not Produce Cicatrices, But Only Necrosis Of The Epithelium. ...

Diseases Of The Dura
Diseases Of The Dura Mater Only Two Diseases Of The Dura Mater Are Important From A Clinical Standpoint, Meningeal Apoplexy And Internal Hasnorrhagic Pachymeningit Is. Meningeal Apoplexy Embraces The Luemorrhages Of The Blood Vessels Of The Dura. As These Usually Are The Direct Consequence Of Severe Crania] Trauma Tism, Frequently ...

Diseases Of The Eye
Diseases Of The Eye Lymphatic Conjunctivitis Or Keratitis, I.e., Scrofulous Or Phlyc Tmular Keratitis, Is A Localized Disease, Distinguished From All Other Inflammatory Affections Of The Conjunctiva, And Representing Rather A Diffused Catarrh Of The Connective Tissue. The Disease Begins With The Appearance Of A Conical Vesicle In The Limbus, ...

Diseases Of The Meninges
Diseases Of The Meninges Of The Pathological Changes The Acute And Subacute, Due To Bacterial Inflammations, Chiefly Interest Us; After These Come The Chronic Forms, Serous Meningitis As A Consequence Of Angioneurotic Disturbances (first Observed By Quinckc), And Meninges] Tumors, Discussed Elsewhere. With The Exception Of Headache, Which Is A ...

Diseases Of The Mouth
Diseases Of The Mouth - The Cavity Of The Mouth Is Very Small And Narrow, Conditioned Chiefly By The Lack Of Teeth, 60 Peculiar To This Early Age, And The Strong Development Of The Tongue. The Salivary Secretion Is Very Scant During The First Weeks Of Life, In Consequence Of ...

Diseases Of The Navel
Diseases Of The Navel At Birth The Umbilical Cord Forms The Connecting Link Between The Body Of The Embryo And The Placenta. It Is A Cord, About As Thick As The Little Finger, Twisted In Many Spirals And Consists Fundamentally Of The Jelly Of Wharton, An Embryonic Mucous Tissue Which ...

Diseases Of The Newborn
Diseases Of The Newborn A Part Of These Injuries Are Attributable To The Physician Or Nurse, Some Are De Pendent On A Disproportion Between The Size Of The Child And The Width Of The Pelvis, Others Are Due To Disturbance Of The Placental Blood Supply From Contraction Of The Uterus ...

Diseases Of The Nose
Diseases Of The Nose Congenital Anomalies.—congenital Narrowing And Complete Oc Clusion Of The Nares Are Not So Infrequently Observed. The Malforma Tion, Whether Unilateral Or Bilateral, May Involve The External Nasal Orifices. The Nasal Passages, And Especially The Posterior Nares. Besides These, There Are Frequently Found Other Malformations, Which Distinguish ...

Diseases Of The Pericardium
Diseases Of The Pericardium (a) Pericarditis. Inflanimation Of The Pericardia:ni Etiology And Occurrence.—although Circumscribed Areas Of Cloudiness Anri Thickening Of The Pericardium In The Region Of The Apex And The Points Of Entrance Of The Venni Cavre Are Frequently Found At Autopsy In Thc Hearts Of Children, Pericarditis In Childhood ...

Diseases Of The Respiratory
Diseases Of The Respiratory System The Diseases Of The Organs Of Respiration In The Infant, May Be Considered The Most Frequent And Important Affections, And Are Only Surpassed In Importance, During The Nursing Period, By The Gastro-intes Tinal Disorders. As Early As The Second Half Year Of Life, The Disorders ...

Diseases Of The Salivary
Diseases Of The Salivary Glands The Congenital Anomalies And Other Pathological Processes Of The Salivary Glands, On Account Of Their Rare Occurrence, Do Not Excite The Practical Interest Which Is Justly Directed Toward The Inflammatory Processes Of The Parotid In Childhood. Without Considering The Defects And Abnormal Position Of Single ...

Diseases Of The Sympathetic
Diseases Of The Sympathetic Nerve Paralysis Of The Sympathetic Nerve (contraction Of The Pupil, And Of The Palpebral Fissure, Sometimes Retraction Of The Eye, Redness And Anidrosis Of The Affected Laalf Of The Face), And Irritation Of The Sympa Thetic (dilatation Of The Pupil And Of The Palpebral Fissure, Sometimes ...

Disintegration Assimilation
(assimilation, Disintegration) In The Metabolism Of Infancy There Is 011c Fact Of Great Importance That Characterizes It, Namely, That The Processes Of Growth Normally Bring About Assimilation And Retention Of The Inaterials In The Food Necessary For The Development Of The Body. We Must, Therefore, In Vestigate To What Degree ...

Disturbances Occurring In Breast Fed
Disturbances Occurring In Breast-fed Infants In The First Place The Microorganisms Normally Present In The Ducts Of The Mammary Glands Are In Rare Cases Causes Of Enteric Disease (moro, Von Rosthorn). Overfeeding At The Breast, Through Too Frequent Or Too Prolonged Nursing, Or Both, Can Produce A Number Of Disturbances, ...

Disturbances In Postembryonic Development
Disturbances In Postembryonic Development Of The Foot Pathology Of The Commencement Of Develop Ment Of The Foot From The Embryonic Mass In The First Few Weeks Of Em Bryonic Life Is Soon Followed By The Formation Of The Lower Leg And Finally Of The Thigh. On The Fifteenth Day Conditions ...

Disturbances Of Growth In
Disturbances Of Growth In The Upper Extremity Mechanism Of Development.—the Yielding Of The Soft Bone To The Muscular Traction Is The Chief Cause Of The Deformity, While A Lesser Influence May Be Due To The Weight (in Creeping) Or The Adaption Of The Bones To The Lateral Contours Of The ...

Disturbances Of Nutrition In
Disturbances Of Nutrition In Infants A. From Form Represents The Commonest Type In Exclusive Breast-feeding. As May Easily Be Understood, It Is Met With More Frequently, And In A More Obstinate Form, I» Infants Nursed By A Wet-nurse, Than In Those Nursed By Their Own Mother. It Is More Often ...

Disturbances Of Nutrition In
Disturbances Of Nutrition In Artificially Fed Nurslings Problem Of Artificial Feeding, Its Importance For The Organism Of The Nursling, And The Dangers Connected With It, Are Matters Of History. But In Spite Of All Contradictions It Should Again Be Pointed Out That It Was Biedert Who, From His Clinical. Observations, ...

Dukes Fourth Disease
Dukes' " Fourth Disease " Dukes' "fourth Disease" Is A Mild Affection Like Rubella But With A Rash Resembling Scarlet Fever As The Rubella Rash Resembles Measles, Or We Might Say That It Resembles Closely The Abortive Form Of Scarlet Fever. One Naturally Asks Upon What Observations Does Dukes Base ...

Dysentery
Dysentery Is One Of The Diseases Longest Known, And May Be Defined As An Infectious Disease Localized Especially In The Colon And Appearing Either Endemically Or Epidemically, The Principal Clinical Symptoms Of Which Are Tenesmus, Bloody Mucus Stools, Abdominal Pain, And Early Prostration. Although The Clinical Picture Of The Disease ...

Eclampsia
Eclampsia Infantiral The Clinical Picture Of This Condition So Elosely Resembles That Of Epilepsy That Until Very Reeently Eclampsia Was Regarded Merely As A Form Of Epilepsy Characterized By The Age Of The Patient And A Favorable Elinieal Eourse. The Attacks Consist Of A Primary Tonie, And Secondary Clonic Stage. ...

Ecthyma
Ecthyma By Ecthyma We Designate An Affection Closely Related To Impetigo, In Which The Ulcerous Vesicles—contrary To Impetigo—stand On A Coarsely Infiltrated Hypermmic Base, Healing Sooner Or Later With A Pigmented Cicatrix. Pathological First A Small Hard Coarsely Infiltrated Knot Of Vivid Red Color Appears; On This A Small Vesicle ...

Ecthyma_2
Ecthyma Gangr/enosum Multiple Cachectic Gangrene Of The Skin (o. Pemphigus Gangramosus (stokes), Dermatitis Gangramosa Infantum (crocker), Varicella Gangrmnosa (hutchinson), Impetigo Ganguenosa (kreibich) Etc. Ecthyma Gangrtenosum, In Contradistinction To Ecthyma, Commences With The Formation Of Indurated, Dirt-colored To Bluish Red Knots, On Which Vesicles Promptly Develop; These Rapidly Become Peripheral Ulcers ...

Eczema
Eczema Eczema Is Essentially A Superficial Catarrh Of The Skin, With An Inflammation Of The Upper Layers Of The Connective Tissue And Epithelitn» Of The Epidermis, And Is Attended By Perspiration; There Is Therefore A Surface Infiltration And Transudation Of The C01.1 Lim And Vesicle Form Ation Of The Epithelium. ...

Eczema Seborrhoicum
Eczema Seborrhoicum ( Un.) In Iss7, Unna Described An Affection Of The Skin Under The Name Of Eczema Seborrhoicum, Which Was Called By Neisser Mycosis Seborr Hoiea, And Is Frequently Mentioned In The Literature As Mycotic Or Psori Asiform Eczema. This Is A Pathological Condition Of The Skin Which Does ...

Enal Glands Hypeflemia And
Hypeflemia And Eemorrllage Of Tfie Sltrap,enal Glands In The Newborn, The Suprarenal Blood Supply Is Normally Very Rich. This Fact Explains Its Very Pronounced Tendency To Passive Hypertemia In All Those Diseases Which Are Attended By General Congestion; In All Infectious Diseases 113-pen-culla Is Very Active. It Has Been Long ...

Enal Pelvis And Of
Pathology Of The P,enal Pelvis And Of The The Disposition Of The Renal Pelvis And Of The Ureters May Be Dif Ferent. There May Be No Renal Pelvis At All, But The Renal Calyces May Enter Directly Into Several Tubes Eonneeted With The Ureter. The Con Genital Anomalies Of Greatest ...

Endogenous Diseases Of The
Endogenous Diseases Of The Central Nervous System The Group Of Diseases Collected Under This. Head Contains A Number Of Very Different Morbid Conditions. Their Common Feature Is The Occurrence In Children, Who Are Healthy At Birth, Of Disturbances In The Nervous And Muscular Systems After The Lapse Of Months, Years ...

Epidermolysis Rullosa Hereditaria
Epidermolysis Rullosa Hereditaria Clinical Picture.—the Following Is The Typical Pathologic Picture As It Was First Described By Goldscheider In 1ss2 And Later By Kiffiner: Suddenly, Often In Summer, There Occur Vesicles On The Normal Skin At All Place.s Of The Body Iron] A Minimal External Eause (friction, Pressure, Etc.) Without ...

Epilepsy
Epilepsy Even If We Exclude All Eases Characterized By Symptomatic Convul Sions, Which Are Interpreted As "acute Epilepny," And Restrict The Use Of The Term "epilepsy" To Desig,nate A Distinctly Chronic Disease "mani Festing Itself Either In Frequently Recurring Convulsions With Loss Of Consciousness, Or In Concomitant Symptoms Of Such ...

Epistax1s
Epistax1s Bleeding Of Independent Origin Is Rather Rare In Young Infants, But In Older Children On Tbe Other Hand It Is Frequently Habitual, And May Be Classed With The Numerous School Maladies, Being Favored By A Stooping Position, Tight Collars, Etc. Slight Traumatisms And Picking The Nose Are The Most ...

Epithelial Tumors 1
Epithelial Tumors 1. Aden° In Ata The Adenomata Are The Most Important Epithelial Tumors In Chill Hood. They Are Benign Polypoid Tumors Which Consist Mostly Of Loose Connective Tissue. Their Surface Is Smooth And The Submucosa And Mus Cular Tissue Take Part In The Tumor Formation (lexer). Besides The Adenomata ...

Erysipelas
Erysipelas Erysipe As Is A Wound Infection, Which Leads To A Rapidly Spreading Inflammation Of The Skin And Mucous Membranes. It Arises At Times From Large Wounds And At Times From Insignificant Breaks Or Excoriations Of The Skin. In The Newborn The Infection Gains Entrance As A Rule At The ...