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Erythema Exudativum Multiforme
Erythema Exudativum Multiforme (hebra) The Pathologic Picture First Described By Hebra Under The Name Of Erythema Exudativuni Multiforme Is Mentioned By Other Authors Under Names Which Are Partly Still In Force To-day: Erythema Polymorphe (kaposi), Erythema Hydroa (bazin), Erythema Centrifugurn, Erythema. Marginatum, Etc. The General Clinical Picture Is Usually Typieal ...

Erythema Infectiosum
Erythema Infectiosum Rubeola (tschainer), Megalerythema Epidemic= (plachte), Grossflecken (plachte), Exanthema Variabile (pospischill), Erythema Simplex Marginatum (feilchenfeld), Erythema Infantum Febrile (tripke), Epidemic Erysipelas Of Children (tripke), Fifth Disease. Historic Note.—dr. Anton Tschamer Of Graz In 1886 Described Thirty Cases. In 1s91 Gumplowicz Of The Clinic Of Escherich Reported Seventeen Cases, In ...

Erythema Nodosum
Erythema Nodosum Erythema Nodosum Is Likewise An Infectious Disease, Bears A Close Relationship To Erythema Exmlativum Multiformc And Often Occurs In Conjunction With It, But Its Course Is Generally Somewhat More Severe. Clinical Prodromal Manifestations (discomfort, Chills, Pains In The Limbs, Slight Elevation Of Temperature, Etc.), Nodules Of A Coarse, ...

Etc Anemia In Consequence
An:emia In Consequence Of Malnutrition, Etc. Deficient Or Faulty Nutrition Is In Infants A Further Cause Of Symp Tomatic Anemia; The Somewhat Complicated Conditions Are Well Described By Panum, Voit, Senator, Fr. Kicseritzky, And Von Liosslin. Absence Of Iron In The Food Seems To Have A Particularly Injurious Effect (ehrlich-lazarus). ...

Etiology And Pathogenesis
Etiology And Pathogenesis The Exciting Cause Of Scarlet Fever Has Not Yet Been Determined Definitely. That The Disease Is Of Protozoon Origin Is A Belief Steadily Gaining Strength. Sponsors For This Theory Are Mallory, Duval, Siegel, Prowazek And Gamoleia. Mallory Found The "cyklasterion Scarlatinale" In Sections Of The Skin. Duval ...

Etiology And Pathogenesis Of
Etiology And Pathogenesis Of Spasmophilia It Is Necessary To Make As Sharp A Distinction As Possible Between The Causes Themselves And The Conditions Which Favor The Development Of The Diathesis On The One Hand, And The Clinical Phenomena To Which The Diathesis Gives Rise On The Other. Many Authors Seek ...

Eustachian Tube And Middle
Extension To The Nasal Passages, Eustachian Tube And Middle Ear The False Membrane Of A Pharyngeal Diphtheria Spreads To The Nasal Passages By Advancing Along The Lateral Wall Of The Pharynx Or Else By Coming Down The Front And Up The Posterior Surface Of The Soft Palate, More Rarely By ...

Evolution Of Our Knowledge
Evolution Of Our Knowledge Of The Diseases Of Nutrition In Early Childhood Both The Clinical Aspect And Statistics Of The Mortality Of The First Years Of Life Disclosed To Physicians The Important Significance And The Fatal Character Of The Diseases, Which, In Manv Localities Almost Deci Mate The Rising Generation, ...

Examination And Analysis Of
Examination And Analysis Of Milk It Will Not Take The Physician Long To Determine From What Animal A Given Milk Is Derived. By Steinegger's Method, Which Is Given Below, An Addition Of As Little As 13 Per Cent. Of Goat's Milk To Cow's Milk Will Be Detected. Milk Not Over ...

Examination Of The Breasts
Examination Of The Breasts After A Consideration Of The General Status We Should Proceed To Make A Special Examination Of The Breast And The Milk. A Microscopical And Chemical Examination Of The Latter Need Not Be Undertaken, Since It Neither Gives Important Results Nor Appears To Show, Especially In A ...

Facial Skull
Facial Skull (see Moro, Diseases Of The Mouth Cavity; Congenital Defects, Vol. In Order To Explain The Fissures And Defects In The Area Of The Facial Skull It Is Necessary To Go Back To That Period Of Development In Which They Are Still Physiological. They Are All Remnants Of Primitive ...

Favus
Favus Favus Is An Affection Caused By The Achorion Of Schonlein, In Which Small Sulphur-yellow Platelets Are Formed Around The Hair Fol Licles. At First Yellow Punctiform Growths Appear On The Scalp Around The Follicles Which Gradually Increase In Size To That Of The Yellow Plate Lets, The Upper Surface ...

Fetal Syphilis
Fetal Syphilis In This Chapter Will Be Discused Those Changes Brought About By The Action Of The Transmitted Syphilitic Poison Upon The Fatal Organism, From The Time Of The Formation Of The Ovum To The Time Of Birth. There Is Here Always The Expression Of Severe Infection Of The Fdet ...

Fissure Of The Anus
Fissure Of The Anus (symptomatology, See Fisch], Vol. Iii.) This Consists Of A Loss Of Substance Of The Mucous Membrane At The Border Line Of The Anus, Usually Posteriorly. The Constant Play Of The Sphincter And Its Continuous Forcible Contraction Interfere \vail The Formation Of Epithelium Over The Ulcer. In ...

Fissure Of The Anus
Fissure Of The Anus This Is An Affection Which Is, Apparently, Especially Common In Artificially Fed Children Suffering From Constipation. It Consists Of A Small Loss Of Substance Brought About Through A Mechanical Injury- Of The Mucous Membrane Of The Anus. The Ulcer Is Produced Because Of The Perpetual Stretching ...

Flaccid Paralyses
Flaccid Paralyses The Flaccid Paralyses And Pareses Always Indicate A Lowering Of Energy Of The Muscle And Are The Result Of A Disturbance Which Has Attacked Either The Muscle Itself Or Its Connection With Its Nerve-centre. Thus A Partial Interference With The Conduction Will Cause A Paresis, A Complete One, ...

Flemorrhage Into The Spinal
Flemorrhage Into The Spinal Cord In Ffirmorrhage Into The Spinal Cord, Also, Birth Injuries Are Undoubt Edly The Most Important Etiologic Factors. Schaeffer Found Extravasa Tions Of Blood Into The Vertebral Canal In 10 Per Cent Of All His Autopsies On Newborn Infants, And Although These Figures Appear To Me ...

Floating Kidney
Floating Kidney The Kidney Under Physiological Conditions Is Slightly Movable, So That The Distinetion Between Pathological And Physiological Mobility May Not Be Perfectly Distinct. The Anomaly May Without Doubt Be Congenital, As Is Proven By The Observations Of Chanmey, Hoillmoser, And Phihipps. (the Last Was A Baby Six Weeks Old, ...

Follicular Keratosis
Follicular Keratosis (a) Lichen Pilaris Synonyrns.—keratosis Follicularis Or Suprafollicularis (enna), Ich Thyosis Pilaris (kaposi), Xeroderrnie Pilaire (besneir). Lichen Pilaris Is A Follicular Hyperkeratosis Situated Especially At The Extensor Surfaces Of The Upper Arm And Thigh. Small, Acuminate, Hard, Horny Cones Rise Above The Level Of The Follieular Apertures And Often ...

Foreign Bodies
Foreign Bodies From Three To Five Years Of Age Like To Shove Small Objects Into The Nose (pebbles, Glass Beads, Peas, Beans, Cherry Seeds, Paper Balls, Etc.). More Rarely, Foreign Bodies Get Into The Nose Through The Posterior Nares By Choking Or Coughing (pieces Of Bone, Fruit Seeds, Etc.). Occasionally, ...

Foreign Bodies In Tiie
Foreign Bodies In Tiie Trachea And In The Bronchi Foreign Bodies Not Infrequently- Find Their Way Into The Trachea And Into The Bronchi In Children While Eating (coarse Bread Crumbs, Small Pieces Of Bone), Or While Playing (buttons, Nails, Pebbles, Beans, Corn, Etc.), Being Aspirated While Laughing Or Coughing. Frequently ...

Foreign Bodies In The
Foreign Bodies In The Larynx These Are Very Common During Childhood. In Rare Cases, They May Come From Within (inhaled Masses Of Mucus, Or Ascarides). Any Thing That The Child Plays With, If Small Enough, May Be Inhaled Into The Larynx, Such As Buttons, Needles, Seeds, Bullets, Or Particles Of ...

Foreign Bodies_2
Foreign Bodies The Foreign Bodies Which Are Found In The Accessible Cavities Of The Body In Children, With Their Diagnosis, Prognosis, And Treatment Have Been Exhaustively Described Under The Diseases Of The Respective Organs— Nose, Trachea, Bronchi. (e. Feer, Foreign Bodies In The Nose, Vol. Iii; E. Feer, Foreign Bodies ...

Formation And Flexibility Of
Formation And Flexibility Of The Normal Spine The Vertebral Column Of The Feetus Generally Forms One Single Cur Vature, The Convexity Of Which Is Directed Backward (fig. 57). The Child Retains This Position More Or Less After Birth During The First Few Months Of Life. If The Child Is Kept ...

Fracture And Luxation Of
Fracture And Luxation Of The Vertebral Column Dislocations And Fractures Of The Vertebral Column Are Exceedingly Rare In Childhood And Differ But Little From The Same Conditions In Adults. Occasionally They Are Observed After Instrumental Deliveries. I Once Saw The Entire Cervical Portion Separated From The Rest Of The Column ...

Fracture Of The Thigh
Fracture Of The Thigh In This Fracture We Must Always Be Very Careful In Adapting The Fractured Ends And In Avoiding Shortening, Which Is Always Threatened (oblique Fracture, Strong Muscles). For The First Few Days, Extension With Heavy Weights And Counter Extension On The Pelvis And Ice To Prevent Late ...

Fracture Of The Tibia
Fracture Of The Tibia This Demands Nothing More Than Exact Fixation, Which We Get By Applying A Plaster Cast Over A Stocking Or One Layer Of Flannel Bandage; It Must Go From The Toes To The Tuberositas Tibite, At Which Latter Part It Must Be Moulded Very Carefully. In A ...

Fractures Of Tue Neck
Fractures Of Tue Neck Of The Femur These Require Long-continued Rest On Account Of Severe Complications. All Other Treatment Depends Upon The Complications. When Fresh These Should Be Treated With A Carefully Moulded Plaster Cast, Which Ensures Adaptation Of The Fragments In Extreme Abduction And Inward Rotation. We Prefer The ...

Fractures Of The Lower
Fractures Of The Lower End Of The Humerus And In The Elbow-joint These Are Very Important As To Treatment, Because Mistakes Will Leave Conditions Which It Will Be Hard To Correct. The Fractura Supracondylica Demands The Most Careful Replacing Of The Lower End, Which Is Bent Backward; This Will Be ...

Fugues Dromomania Poriomania
Dromomania (poriomania, Fugues) The Habit Of Running Away Or Playing Truant Is In Many Eases Merely The Result Of Idleness Or Huproper Training, Without Any Morbid Element. In Other Cases, However, Punishment Both In School And At Home Is Without Avail And The Habit Has A Pathologic Cause. Epilepsy, Which ...

Functional Diseases Of The
Functional Diseases Of The Nervous System If This Principle Is Kept In Mind, It Will Be Readily Seen Why- Heterogeneous Symptom-complexes, Due To A Variety Of Etiologic Factors, Arc Included In The Same Group Of Functional Nervous Diseases, And That The Dividing Line Between Functional And Organic Affections Changes From ...

Furunculosis
Furunculosis By Furunculosis We Understand A Circumscribed Inflammation Caused By Pus Cocci Situated In The Subcutaneous Cellular Tissue, Which May Lead To Ulceration Or Necrosis. According To Whether The Affection Originates From Folliculitis Or The Cellular Tissue Generally, We Distinguish Between Furuneulosis Of The Sebaceous Glands Or Of The Cellular ...

G Recurrent Vomiting With
(g) Recurrent Vomiting With Aceton/emia I Make Use Of The Name Given By Giliberti To This Disease, Which Has Been The Subject Of Thorough Study In Recent Years, Because This Writer Has Described Most Vividly The Character Of The Illness And Is Not Prejudiced In Regard To Its Nature. Single ...

Ganglia
Ganglia Similar Symptoms:, Though Their Etiology And Structure Are Entirely Different, Are Caused By Cystic Tumors Which Are Observed In Different Parts Of The Body, Near Joints And Tendon-sheaths, And Are Formed By The Tying Off And Sacculation Of The Joint-capsule Or Tendon-sheath, And Are Called "ganglia." They Are Most ...

Gangrene Of The Lungs
Gangrene Of The Lungs Gangrene Of The Lungs Is Comparatively Less Frequently Observed In The Infant Than In The Adult. It Occurs, However, At All Periods Of Life. Occurring Exceedingly Seldom As A Primary Condition, It Constitutes A Secondary Manifestation Of Various Diseases In Weak And Delicate Indi Viduals, Under ...

Gastro Intestinal Diseases Of Older
Gastro-intestinal Diseases Of Older Children This Originates From The Ingestion Of Too Large A Quantity Of Nour Ishment Or From Eating Indigestible Food. Occurrences Of This Kind Are Observed Particularly At The Fruit Season, After A Change In The Accustomed Eharacter Of The Food, And Especially In Holiday Seasons, Or ...

General Considerations Concerning The
General Considerations Concerning The Nourishment Of The Infant The Fietus Receives All Substances Necessary For Its Development Through The Mother's Blood, And These Substances Enter The Blood Of The Foetus Without Coining Into Contact With The Digestive Tract. The Or Ganism Of The Infant Is Separated From That Of The ...

General Considerations Concerning The
General Considerations Concerning The Metabolism Of The Infant Changes In The Condition Of The Body Cannot Be Observed Directly, But Can Be Calculated Indirectly From Three Factors Of Metabolism. We Have However, To Make Certain Assumptions With Regard To The Carbon Metabolism. The Three Factors Are, The Food, The Excretion ...

General Pathogenesis And Pathology
General Pathogenesis And Pathology Of Childhood Exceed Certain Limits The Stimuli Become Strong Enough To Produce A Change In The Cell. These Changes Are Recognized By Some Disturbance Of The Normal Physiology And Are Known As So Long As The Changes In The Conditions Of Life Do Not Produce Disease ...

General Prophylaxis In Diseases
General Prophylaxis In Diseases Of Children Prophylactic Measures Every Physician Should Endeavor To Protect From Danger And Disease Those Intrusted To His Care And Should Consider It His Foremost Duty To Cooperate In The Great Questions Of Hygiene, Not Only In Public Life, But Especially In The Smaller Circle Of ...

General Symptomatology
General Symptomatology The Onset Of The Disease Is Usually Sudden. It Is Characterized By Vomiting, Sore Throat, Fever And A General Feeling Of Malaise. The Child Is Perfectly Well In The Morning, Goes To School As Usual, And Is Suddenly Taken Violently Ill During The Session. One Of The Resident ...

General Symptomatology And Diagnosis
General Symptomatology And Diagnosis The Symptomatology Of Heart Diseases In Childhood Is Somewhat Simpler Than In Later Life. Secondary Conditions In Remote Portions Of The Body, Such As Congestion Of The Parenchymatous Organs Or Dropsy, Are Almost Entirely Absent In The Heart Affections Of Early Childhood, Because Of The Extraordinary ...

General Therapeutics In Diseases
General Therapeutics In Diseases Of Children It Is True That During The Last Decade, With The Increase Of Our Clin Ical Knowledge, Which Has Been Accompanied By A Refinement Of Diag Nostic Methods And A Better Understanding Of The Etiology Of Disease, Some Progress Has Also Been Made In The ...