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The Diseases of Children

Genu Var Un
Genu Var Un' This Deformity Is Just Opposite To Genii Valgum. In Erect Attitude Ankles And Heels Are In Contact While The Knees Stand Wide Apart (bow Legs). Femur And Lower Leg Participate Equally As A Rule In The Distor Tion. The Foot Is Correspondingly Pronateil Upon The Leg (see ...

Goitre
Goitre Flyperplasia Of The Thyroid, Which Is Usually Partial, Is Termed Goitre. It Is Of Frequent Occurrence In Goitre Regions, Even In Children, While Sporadic Eases Are Relatively Rare. Goitre Usually Begins To Appear At The Time Of Puberty, But Must Often Enough Be Referred Back To The Period Of ...

Gonococcus Peritonitis Following Vulvovaginitis
Gonococcus Peritonitis Following Vulvovaginitis Vulvovaginitis May Lead To Peritonitis, Through Extension Upward Of The Disease. The Complication Is, However, Comparatively Rare In Proportion To The Very Numerous Blennorrhceal Diseases Of The Vulva And Vagina In Young Girls. Nevertheless, The Contributions To The Literature Of This Subject Within Recent Years (marian, ...

Gonorrlheal Arthritis
Gonorrlheal Arthritis In Comparison To Gonorrliceal Vulvitis Which, According To Our Experience, Is Rather Frequent, Gonorrheal Joint Inflammation In Chil Dren Is Decidedly Rare. It Appears More Frequently As A Sequel To Puru Lent Ophthalmia; And To Gonorrluval Urethritis In Boys. Arthritis Appears Most Generally In The Second Or Third ...

Harelip
Harelip Klateral Upper Labial Cleft, Labium Leporinum, Pathological Anatomy.—the Fissures May Be Large Or Small, Uni Lateral Or Bilateral, But Confined To The Lip (figs. 10a And Lob, Plate 1); Or They May Involve The Corresponding Deeper Soft Parts, Like The Upper Maxillary Process (gnathosehisis) Or The Palate (palatoschisis) (figs. ...

Hemiatrophy Of The Face
Hemiatrophy Of The Face Hemiatrophy Of The Face Is A Progressive Emaciation Of One-half Of The Face Including The Skin, Muscles And Bones. The Disease Is Not Very Rare In Childhood, At Least The Beginning Of The Malady Can In Many Cases Be Traced To That Period Of Life. After ...

Hereditary Ataxia
Hereditary Ataxia In The Year 1s6i The Heidelberg Clinician, Friedreich, Described A Symptom-complex Which Occurs In Members Of The Same Family, And Is Charactoized By Onset During Childhood, Ataxia, Absence Of The Patellar Reflex, Nystaginus, Pcs Equinus, And A Slowly Progressive Course. Schultze Later Had An Opportunity Uf Examining A ...

Hereditary Syphilis
Hereditary Syphilis Oi"l'he Nervots System Hereditary Syphilis May Attack Ally Portion Of The Central Nervous System. The Morbid Symptoms May Develop In The Foetus, And In The Early Years Of Life, In Late Childhood And In Adolescence. It Is Needless To Say That Intra-uterine Changes Of The Central Nervous System ...

Hereditary Syphilitic Arthritis
Hereditary Syphilitic Arthritis As A Consequence Of Hereditary Syphilis, Arthritis Appears As A Be Lated Manifestation In Children Who Have Not Been Specifically Treated. The Recognition Of These Cases, For Which We Are Principally Indebted To Ophthalmologists, Is All The More Important Because Antisyphilitic Treatment (specifically With Iodide) Generally Results ...

Herpes Zoster
Herpes Zoster Herpes Zoster (gtirtelrose, Belt-ro.3e) Is An Affeetion Which Often Appears Accompanied With Light Febrile Manifestations And Is Character Ized By Herpetic Vesicles On Hyperemic Ground Which Arc Arranged According To Some System. Clinical Picture.—in Infancy, And Even In The Earliest Days Of Life, Under Slight Prodromal Manifestations (elevation ...

Hydroa Vacciniforme
Hydroa Vacciniforme (razin) (summer Eruption—llutchinson) The Skin Affection Described As Hydroa Vacciniforme By Bazin In 1861 And Again By Hutchinson In Isss As Summer Eruption Occurs During The First Y:ear Of Life And Is Comparatively Rare, There Being Only Fifty Published Cases Up To The Present. The Affection Usually Begins ...

Hydrocele
Hydrocele Origin And Pathological Anatomy. — As Cysts May Form Where Portions Of Embryonal Ducts Persist, So They May Also Develop Owing To Incomplete Obliteration Of The Processus Vaginalis Along The Entire Route Which The Descending Testicle Traverses. There Are Several Kinds Accord Ing To Their Persistence And Locality, Although ...

Hydrocele Fltmatocele
Hydrocele-fltmatocele A Double Serous Sac Envelopes The Testicle And The Efficliclymis, Which Under Normal Conditions Contains Only A Few Drops Of Fluid. An Increase In The Quantity Of Fluid Distends The Sac (hydrocele) And En Larges The Scrotum. If The Distention Is Caused By Blood It Is Called A Ffiernatocele. ...

Hygiene Of The Skin
Hygiene Of The Skin Hygiene Of The Newborn Must Of Course Be Adapted To The Above Conditions. As This Subject Has Been Considered In Another Place, It Will Suffice At This Juncture To State The Most Important Hygienic Meas Ures For The First Period Of The Child's Life. It Goes ...

Hyperplasia Of The Faucial
Hyperplasia Of The Faucial Tonsil's (sco Plate 43). Occurrence.—enlarged Faucial Tonsils Are Rare In Nursing Infants. They Develop Usually About The Second Year, But Even This Age May Be So Large That Considerable Trouble May Be Produced. Symptorns.—enlarged Tonsils May Be Easily Recognized When The Throat Is Inspected, As They ...

Hyperplasia Of The Pharnyceal
. Hyperplasia Of The Pharnyceal Tonsil (adenoids, Adenoid Vegetations) Vegetations Are Extremely Common During Childhood. Kafetnann Found That 17 Per Cent. Of School Children Ex Amined By Him Had Adenoids, Schmuckmann 30 Per Cent., Felix From 28.52 Per Cent. To 35.1 Per Cent., And Wilbert Found That 62 Per Cent. ...

Hyperplasia Of The Tonsils
Hyperplasia Of The Tonsils While Hyperplasia Of The Faucial Tonsils Has Long Been A Recognized Condition, It Is Only Since Isos That The Same Anomaily Of The Pharyngeal Tonsil Has Received Attention. Wilhelm Meyer Of Copenhagen, Was The First To Call Attention To This Condition Which Plays Such An Important ...

Hyperteophic Cirrhosis Of The
Hyperteophic Cirrhosis Of The Liver (hanot's Cirrhosis) Bypertrophic Cirrhosis Is Met With More Frequently In Childhood Than The Atrophic Form. The Etiology Is Still Completely Unknown. Itutinel, Judging From The Manifestations And Course Of The Disease, Classes It As A Subacute Infectious Hepatitis, Brought About By An Unknown Agent. Si:me ...

Hypospadias
Hypospadias By This Name Is Designated The Anomaly In Which The Urethra Does Not Open At The Point Of The Glans, But At Some Other Point Upon The Lower Side Of The Member. If The Urethra Opens At The Base Where The Frenulum Normally Adheres, We Speak Of Glandular Hyposparlias. ...

Hysteria
Hysteria Aside From A Group Of Special Features, Which Will He Sufficiently Emphasized In The Present Chapter, Hysteria In Childhood Does Not Differ Essentially From The Same Disease In Adults. The Same Difficulty Is Encountered In Defining The Limits Of This "great Neurosis" Which Separate It From The Adjoining Territories ...

Ichthyosis
Ichthyosis Iehtliyosis Is An Affection Which Occurs In Earliest Infaney, Usually In The First Or Second Year, And Which Is Peculiar For The Formation Of Thick, Adhesive Scales And Horny Masses, Also For Its Chronic Course. Pathological Picture.—the Affection, Which Generally Appears Diffuse, Rarely Localised, Forms More Or Less Gray, ...

Icterus Neonatorum
Icterus Neonatorum Symptoms.—usually Before The End Of The First Or Second Day Of Life, Less Frequently Not Until The Third, Fourth Or Fifth Day, And Only Very Exceptionally Still Later, The Skin Of The Newborn Takes On A Yel Lowish Tint Which Usually Appears First On The- Face. The Icteric ...

Iiypospadias
Iiypospadias Pathological Anatomy.—hypospadias Is Much More Frequently Met With Than Epispadias, The Ratio Being 150 :1. In This Deformity There Is A Groove-like Opening Of The Urethra On The Under Side Of The Penis. According To The Extent Of The Fissuration, The Urethra Terminates At Various Atypical Places In The ...

Ilematltria
Ilematltria Htematuria May Be Defined As The Excretion Of Urine Containing Blood. Its Importance Is Purely Symptomatic, Since All Conditions Of Either The Excretory Or The Conducting Apparatus, Which May Be At Tended By Hamorrhage, Manifest Themselves By Bloody Urine. A Mis Taken Diagnosis Due To The Admixture Of Blood ...

Ilemoglobt Nuria
Ilemoglobt Nuria By Ffiernoglobinuria Is Meant The Discharge Of The Blood Coloring Matter In The Urine. As A Matter Of Fact, Methiemoglobin Will Be Found More Often Than Hiemoglobin, Since The Latter Soon Changes To Methamm Globin In Urine Which Is Allowed To Stand. Fiut The. Direct Discharge Of Methminoglobin ...

Impetigo Contagiosa
Impetigo Contagiosa (tilbury Pox) This Affection Was Described In Detail By Tilbury Fox In Is64, And Consists Of Small Watery Vesicles Underneath The Corneal Layer Which May Gradually Attain To The Size Of A Dime To A Silver Dollar (see Plate 66). They Are Flabby, Filled With Seropurulent Fluid, Anti ...

Including An2emia Pseudoleukjemia Infantum
Anemias At The End Of The Nursing Period, Including An2emia Pseudoleukjemia Infantum Nature And The Wretched Children Who Suffer From Intestinal Disturbances. Rachitis, Etc., And Have Not The Physical Strength Of Healthy Children, There Are Always A Number Who, After The Period Of Nursing Has Come To An End, Arc ...

Infantile Scurvy
Infantile Scurvy The Term Infantile Scurvy Is Understood A Scorbutic Affection Occurring In The Early Years Of Life, And Characterized Chiefly By Marked Anemia Of The Skin And Mucous Membranes, Bleeding Gums, Pain Upon Movement And The Occurrence Of Swellings Upon The Long Bones Of The Extremities And Upon The ...

Infantile Tuberculosis
Infantile Tuberculosis The Tuberculosis Of Infants Deserves Especial Consideration, As It Generally Differs In Its Pathology, Clinical Course, And Prognosis From Other Forms Of The Disease. For This Reason We Consider It Separately. Is Very Frequent In Infancy. The Difficulties Of Diagnosis And The Lack Of Autopsies Render Statistics Of ...

Infarction And Abscesses Of
Infarction And Abscesses Of The Lung The Hternorrhagic Pulmonary Infarction Presents Nothing Spee,ial In The Child In Contrast To That Of The Adult. Only The Occurrence Of An Umbilical Phlebitis From A Thrombosis Of The Ductus I3otalli, Marantic Thrombosis As The Result Of Cholera In Fantum, May Be Advanced As ...

Infections Of The Large
Infections Of The Large Cavities Of The Body The Pleura Responds To Infections Of Its Cavity With Pneumococci And Other Pus Bacteria As Well As With Tubercle Bacilli, Usually With Exu Dation Which May Assume A Purulent Character (empyema). The Percentage Of Cases Of Purulent Pleurisy Is Greater In Children ...

Infectious Diseases Of The
Infectious Diseases Of The Newborn Tetanus Neonatorum Is Classed With The Wound Infections Of The Newborn, Just As Erysipelas Of The Newborn, Because Its Port Of Infection Is Regularly The Umbilical Wound. Tetanus In The Newborn Runs A Sim Ilar Course To That In The Adult And Differs In No ...

Infectious Icterus
Infectious Icterus The Occurrence Of Widespread Infectious Jaundice, Epidemic In Type Has Been Repeatedly Noted In Early Life. Sporadic Eases Are Less Fre Quent. This Fact Alone Goes To Prove The Infectious Nature Of Jaundice, Oecurring At This Time Of Life. Epidemics Have Been Reported From Many Different Countries And ...

Inflammation Of The Central
Inflammation Of The Central Nervous System I. Encephalitis The Study Of Encephalitis In Childhood Presents Some Very Difficult Problems, Some Of Which Still Await Solution. The Difficulty Lies In The Want Of Harmony Between Pathologic Findings And Clinical Experience, In The Fact That The Symptoms Vary Not Only According To ...

Inflammations Of Muscles Myositis
Inflammations Of Muscles (myositis) We Distinguish Local And General, Purulent And Nonpurulent In Flammations Of Muscles. Local Purulent Myositis Results Either From Trauma Or From In Flammation Of Neighboring Organs, Or From Some General Infection. Multiple Purulent Myostitis Is A Rare Complication Of Universal Sepsis, Scarlatina And Other Infections. Nonpurulent ...

Inflammations Of The Thyroid
Inflammations Of The Thyroid Acute Inflammation Of The Thyroid As A Primary Affection Is Exceed Ingly Rare (demme, Stamm). In Nearly All Cases It Is A Secondary Involve Ment In The Course Of Infectious Diseases. As A Primary Affection It Occurs After Traumata, After Use Of Brute Force, And After ...

Influenza
Influenza Has The Same Importance In Childhood As In Adult Life And It Is Worthy Of Special Study Because It Exhibits A Number Of Char Acteristic And Important Modifications. Influenza Is Known To Have Been Prevalent In The Fourteenth Century, But A Clinical And Scientific Knowledge Of The Disease Was ...

Inguinal Hernia
Inguinal Hernia Etiology And Testes, Or Male Genital Glands, Develop In Pairs From The Primitive Structure Of The Wolffian Bodies Behind The Peritoneum On A Level With The Third Lumbar Vertebra (see Sketch Of Development). Cell Masses Soon Begin To Form, Extending From This Site To The Later Location Of ...

Inspection Examination Of The
Examination Of The Kidneys, Inspection, Percussion, Palpation When Pathological Conditions Of The Kidneys Are Suspected It Is Necessary To Examine Not Only The Urine, The Importance Of Which Has Already Been Emphasized At The Beginning Of This Chapter, But The Body As A Whole. The Methods Of Physical Diagnosis Will ...

Insufficiency Of The Heart
Insufficiency Of The Heart Muscle (myasthenia Cordis) Those Functional Disturbances Of The Child's Heart Should Be In Cluded Here Which Depend Upon Permanent Organic Injury' To The Power Of The Heart, Whether There Is Question Of Primary Organic Injury To The Heart Muscle Or Of Nayopathic Results Of Mechanical Obstruction ...