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The Diseases of Children

Neoplasms Of The Central
Neoplasms Of The Central Nervous System (multiple Cerebral And Spinal Sclerosis) The Study Of Neoplasms Of The Central Nervous System Has Taught Us That The Symptomatology Is Determined More By The Seat Of The Tumor Than By The Nature Of The Neoplasm. Text Hooks, Therefore, With Few Exceptions (henoch's Lehrbuch) ...

Neoplasms Of The Peripheral
Neoplasms Of The Peripheral Nerves The Extension Of Neoplasms To Peripheral Nerves And The Occurrence Of Nodules (neuromata) Within The Nerves Are Subjects That Chiefly In Terest The Surgeon And Arc Of No Importance In Children's Practice. Similarly The Rare Occurrence Of Multiple Painful Nodules In The Nerves (tubercula Dolorosa) ...

Nephritis
Nephritis The Mild Grades Of Nephritis Do Not Require Any Special Treatment. We Have Observed A Large Number Of Cases In Which No Treatment Was Given, Not Even Diaphoretics, And Found That The Oedema And Albuminuria Disappeared As Rapidly As In Eases Where We Resorted To Packs And Internal Medication. ...

Nephritis
Nephritis The Nephritis Is Usually Ushered In With Vomiting, Loss Of Appetite And Rise In Temperature. The Face Is Pale, And Sometimes The First Symp Tom Manifested Is A Characteristic Puffiness Of The Eyelids. So Far As The Kidney Itself Is Concerned, There Is At First Found A Trace Of ...

Nephritis Of Infancy
Nephritis Of Infancy The Course Of Nephritis In Infancy Is Frequently Not Attended By Any Conspicuous Symptoms, And It May Be Only By The Examination Of The Urine, Which Is Often Neglected In These Little Patients Imeause Of A Fancied Difficulty In Obtaining It, That The Damage To The Kidneys ...

Nephritis_2
Nephritis A Rational Classification Of The Various Types Of Nephritis Should Be Based Upon Its Etiology Ikriedrich Muller,* Bootlick). This Method Of Considering Bright's Disease Is Certainly: Desirable In Infancy. Since. Because Of Its Dependence Upon Particular Infections And Intoxications, Frequent At This Age, The Disease Will In Most Cases ...

Neuralgias
Neuralgias All The Authors Who.have Made A Study Of Neuralgias Agree That They Are Exceedingly Rare In Childhood. In A Series Of 150 Cases Observed By Remak, Only One Occurred During The First, And Six During The Second Decade Of Life. The Cases Analyzed Were Undoubtedly Cases Of Typical Chronic ...

Neurasthenia
Neurasthenia Since We Have Become Familiar With The Neurasthenia Of Adults Not Only In Its Severe And Well-developed Forms But Also In Its Initial And Milder, Rudimentary Manifestations, There Can Be No Doubt That Children Are Subject To Neurasthenia. The Exact Nature Of The Functional Anomaly Which We Now- Call ...

Neuro Arthritism And Exudative Diathesis
Lymphatic Constitution, Neuro-arthritism And Exudative Diathesis These Find Their Expression In An Abnormal "habitur," In A Predisposition To Certain Organic Diseases And In A Number Of Functional Disturbances. The Descriptions Of Different Authors Do Not Make It Clear, If The Three Names We Have Quoted Above (to Which We Might ...

Nevi
N.evi A Tilevus Is A Congenital New Formation: That Is, An Affection Which Was Either Present At Birth Or Developed Later From A Congenital Dis Position. According To Their Origin Neisser Distinguishes Between The True Tissue Nievi In Whieh The Neoplasm Has Originated By The Prolifera Tion Of One Particular ...

Niuscular Dystrophy
Niuscular Dystrophy In This Group We Include, After Erb, Raymond And Most Neurol Ogists, A Number Of Muscular Atrophies Which Were Described By Their First Observers As Special Types Of Myopathies And Accordingly Regarded As So Many Different Diseases Of The Muscular System. Depending On The Time Of Appearance, The ...

Nodding Spasm
Nodding Spasm The Most Conspicuous Symptom Of This Disease Is A More Or Less Continuous Rotating, Nodding Or Shaking Of The Head. The Combination Of These Movements Of The Head With Nystagmus Which, While It Is Not Observed In Every Stage Of The Disease, Is Found Practically Always If The ...

Nondipiitheritic Affections
Nondipiitheritic Affections Aside From Conjunctival Diphtheria, Formation Of Pseudomembranes Is Seen In Blennorrhcea, In Very Severe Eczematous Or Congestive Catarrh, In Pemphigus, In Herpes Iris Of The Conjunctiva, And In Traumatic Con Junctivitis Following Burning, Scalding And Chemical Irritations. The Other Symptoms Of Diphtheria And The Bacilli Are Absent. The ...

Nutrition And Metabolism Of
Nutrition And Metabolism Of The Breast-fed Infant During The First Week Of Life The Newborn Infant, Exhausted By The Hardships Undergone At Its Birth, The Cleansing, Bathing, Etc., Requires Rest More Than Anything Else, And It Soon Goes To Sleep, Waking Up Only Rarely And For Short Times During The ...

Nutrition Of The Breast Fed
Nutrition Of The Breast-fed Infant From The Second Week To Weaning In The Beginning Of The Second Week, As A Rule, The Disturbances In The Infant Incident To Its Birth Have Disappeared. The Intestinal Tract Has Adapted Itself To The New Conditions And Lactation Is Well Estab Lished. Under Normal ...

Obstetrical Paralyses
Obstetrical Paralyses From The Large Category Of Paralyses Caused By Injury To The New Born During Parturition, There Are Classified Under The Title Obstetrical Paralyses, Only Those Confined To The Upper Extremity And Due To Injury Of The Brachial Plexus. Its Symptom-complex Is Identical With Plexus Paralysis In The Adult ...

Occurrence Mode Of Spreading
Occurrence; Mode Of Spreading; Age Incidence Varicella Is A Disease Which Occurs Among All Races And Which Never Disappears Entirely From The Larger Cities. Large And Small Epidemics Are Of Frequent Occurrence And Are Most Often Seen About The Time Of The Opening Of The Schools. Nearly All The Epidemics ...

Oen U Valguai Knock Knee
Oen U Valguai (knock-knee) Gem' Valgum Is An Outward Deviation Of The Leg. The Leg Appears To Incline Inward From The Side In The Region Of The Knee And Forms There An Angle Opening Outward. When Both Legs Are Affected The Knees Are Thrust Together In The Form Of An ...

Of The Body
Of The Body Congenital Malformations Of The Digestive Tract And Of The Genito-urinary Organs Are So Closely Related To The History Of Development Of The Lower Parts Of The Embryonal Body That It Is Impossible To Separate Them. They Are So Frequently Complicated With Each Other, As For Instance In ...

Of The Neck
O.f The Neck Pathological The Same Manner That Facial Clefts And Fistulae May Result From Bronchial Clefts And Sulci, So The Embryonal Development Of The Neck May Give Rise To Incomplete Closures, To Scat Tering Of Nuclear Particles, And To Persistence Of Primordial. Sulci And Ducts. At The Sides Or ...

Of The Teeth
Of The Teeth The Eruption Of The Teeth Frequently Occurs Without Causing The Least Distress To The Infant. On The Other Hand, We Also Observe Dentition Preceded And Attended By More Or Less Definite Symptoms, Which Point To A Local Or General Disturbance Of The Infantile Organism. Two Extreme Views ...

Operations In Children
Operations In Children "the Child Is Too Young And Weak For Operation, Bring It Again In A Few Years." Parents Are Frequently Put Off With These Words When They Bring A Child To The Physician With A Congenital Or Incipient Deformity. The Questions To Be Considered Are Whether The Child's ...

Operative Treatment 1
Operative Treatment 1. Joints 13y Eliminating The Joints (resections) We Change The Infirm Pendu Lous Limb Into A Solid Prop. Arthrodesis In The Foot And The Knee-joint Transforms Useless Limbs Into Useful Ones (albert). But We Must Be Careful Not To Sacrifice The Epiphysis In The Youthful Bones, So That ...

Organic Compounds Of Carbon
. Organic Compounds Of Carbon Alcoholic Intoxication Of Acute And Chronic Tylie Occurs Only Too Often In Childhood. Acute Alcoholism Usually Results From Carelessness In Leaving The Whiskey Bottle Or Flask Within The Child's Reach; Some Times The Parents Or Caretakers Give Excessive Amounts Of Alcohol To Their Children. Chronic ...

Orthotic Albuminuria
Orthotic Albuminuria (houbner). (synonym: Cyclic Alliuminuria, Payy) Orthotic Albuminuria Is That Form Of Albumin Excretion Which Occurs In An Affected Person On Assuming The Upright Position And Is Dependent On The Change In Posture. From The Time That Pavy, Bull And Von Noorden Published Their First Observations On This Affection, ...

Ossifying Myositis
Ossifying Myositis Localized Bone Formation In The Muscles Results From Constant Irritation Of Certain Muscles O`rider's Bone, Exerzierknochen"), More Rarely From Injuries To The Muscle. This Ossifying Form Of Myositis Has Practically No Significance In Pediatrics. On The Other Hand, Progressive Multiple Ossifying Myositis Is A Dis Ease That Is ...

Other Complications Of Primary
Other Complications Of Primary Scarlet Fever A. Comparatively Harmless Complication Of Primary Scarlet Fever Localizes Itself In The Joints. In From Five To Eight Per Cent. Of All Cases It Makes Its Appearance At The End Of The First Or The Beginning Of The Second Week. Such An Extension Manifests ...

Other Sequel2e
Other Sequel2e Besides The Arthritis, Of Which An Example Was Given (p. 204), There May Occur In Rare Instances Temperature Elevations, For No Discoverable Reason, And Endocarditis. I Have Seen Five Cases Of Endocarditis. They All Followed A Mild Attack Of Scarlet Fever And Led To The Development Of Organic ...

Palsies 1
Palsies 1. Facial Palsies A Facial Palsy Is Termed Peripheral When The Lesion Affects The Nerve At Some Point Between The Pons And The Distribution Of The Nerve On The Face; Hence Disease Of The Base Of The Brain May Also Procluce A Peripheral Facial Palsy. There Are Eases Of ...

Papilloma Of The Larynx
Papilloma Of The Larynx Malignant Neoplasms In The Larynx During Childhood, When They Occur, Are Usually In The Form Of The Sarcoma Or Epithelioma. Benign Growths Are Much Commoner, Particularly Three Varieties; The Singer's Nodes, The Granuloma, And The Papilloma. The Nodes Usually Result From A Catarrhal Laryngitis. The Granuloma ...

Parasitic Protozoa
Parasitic Protozoa The Discovery Of These Unicellular Organisms As Human Parasites Was Made Several Decades Ago. In Recent Times, Many Case-reports Have Been Made Affirming The Presence Of These Parasites, And The Reaction Of The Organism Which Harbors Them In Men And Animals. Experimental Inoculation In Suitable Laboratory Animals Has ...

Paroxysmal Hiemoglobinuria
Paroxysmal Hiemoglobinuria Ilfemoglobinuria From Cold; Psychogenic Htemoglobinuria. In This Affection There Are Paroxysmal Secretions Of Dark Blood Colored Urine, With Or Without Ascertained Causes. It Should Be Dis Tinguished From Hfemoglobinu•ia Of The Newborn (winckel's Disease) And From Symptomatic Hcemoglobinuria Which Occurs After Burns, Poi Soning With Phosphorus, Chlorate Of ...

Pathologic Anatomy
Pathologic Anatomy I Have Already Mentioned In The Preceding Chapter, That We Can Not Establtsb Specific Post-mortem Findings, Which Correspond To And Are Produced By Definite Forms Of Diseases Of Nutrition. These Diseases Often Show A Lack Of Correspondence Between The Clinical Symptoms And The Results Of Pathologic Investigation. For ...

Of The Urachus Defects
Defects Of Formation Op The Bladder, Of The Urachus (umbilical Fistula) Fleury Described Congenital Absence Of The Urinary Bladder In Which Death Occurred From Peritonitis In Consequence Of Catheterization, Which Was Made Necessary By Incontinence Of The Urine. Amongst The Ex Tremely Rare Conditions Are To Be Mentioned A Rudimentary ...

Or Tapeworms Cestodes
Cestodes, Or Tapeworms Taivia Solium, The Armed Tapeworm. —this Attains A Length Of Six To Nine Feet. On The Small Head, Which Reaches The Size Of A Pin-head, Are Four Slickers And A Powerful Rostellum, Armed With Twenty Five Or Thirty Hooks (fig. 45). Tiehind The Neck, Which Is Only ...