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The Diseases of Children

Pathologic Dreaming
Pathologic Dreaming This Is A Modern Term Used To Describe Phenomena Which Depend On Abnormal Imaginative Activity-. The Imaginative Faculty Is Normally Much More Active In The Child Than In The Adult, As Any One Can Con Vince Himself By Observing A Child At Play-. It Becomes Pathologic Only When ...

Pathology Of The Disorders
Pathology Of The Disorders Of Growth Several Factors, Biological As Well As Pathological, Contribute To These Changes. The Bony Skeleton Which Was Originally Planned To Assume The Position Of A Quadruped Had To Overcome Many Obstacles Before It Changed And Adapted Itself To The New Surroundings. Some Of These Difficulties ...

Pathology Of The Nursing
Pathology Of The Nursing Woman General Diseases. — Only Such Disturbances Will Be Considered Here As Are Peculiar To The Healthy Nursing Woman. The First Thing To Be Considered Is Constipation, That Ever-present Complaint Of The Nurs Ing Woman. I Cannot But Attribute The Presence Of This Trouble, To A ...

Pemphious Neonatorum
Pemphious Neonatorum Synonymous.—sehalblasen,sehalblattern, Pentphigus Infantuni (es Cherich, Rine), Pemphigu.s Neonatorum Epidetnicus (unna), Petnphigus Conta,giosus (faber), Exanthemata Bullosa Neonatortan (barensprung). This Affection Was First Clescribed In 1610 By Forestus As Dyserasia And Up To 1870 Or Longer Was Looked Upon As Cachexia; Only In The Last Thirty Years Its Bacteriologieal Cause ...

Peritonitis In The Newborn
Peritonitis In The Newborn And In Infants Peritoneal Inflammation May Arise In Foetal Life, And Lead To Death Of The Foetus In Utero Or To Malformations Of The Intestines And Bile Ducts (atresia). The Cause May Be Syphilis, Or Not Determinable. In Former Years, Peritoneal Infection In The Newborn, Beginning ...

Perleche Epsteins Faule Ecken
Perleche (epstein's "faule Ecken") The Ulceration At The Angle Of The Mouth In Children (fig. 9) Was Recently Accorded An Exhaustive Description By Epstein (1900). The Disease Has Been Known By The Laity For A Long Time Under Various Names (bad Corners Of The Mouth, Foul Angles, Etc.), And Is ...

Pernicious Anemia
Pernicious Anemia Nature, Name Of Pernicious Designates An Affection In Which There Is Progressive Diminution And Degeneration Of The Red Blood Corpuscles, Usually Associated With Fatty Degeneration Of Internal Organs. Lebert (1s52) And Addison (1s55) Had Already Described The Patho Logical Picture Of Severe Aniemic Conditions As A Special Kind ...

Peroneal Type
(peroneal Type) This Condition, Which Is Peculiar To Childhood, Has Been Known For A Long Time (liulenberg, 1856), But Its Accurate Definition We Owe To Charcot, Marie, Tooth And, Particularly, Hoffmann And Bernhardt. Hoffmann Originated The Tern) Progressive Neurotic (or Neural) Muscular Atrophy, While Bernhardt Called The Disease Spinal Neuritic ...

Pharyngeal Diphtheria
Pharyngeal Diphtheria Onset.—at The Start Subjective Symptoms Of Discomfort Arc So Slight That It Is Usually Difficult To Fix A Definite Onset For The Disease. The Children Feel Somewhat Tired, They Are Disinclined To Eat And To Play, They Are Sleepy, The Voice Is Rather Hoarse And Slightly Nasal From ...

Pharynx Diseases Of The
Diseases Of The Tonsils, Pharynx, And Cesophagus The Lymph-channels Of This Region Run To The Cervical Glands Situated Around The Jugular Vein. The Drainage Of A Considerable Portion Of The Lymph-vessels From The Nasopharynx Is To The Lateral Pharyngeal Glands, Situated Behind The Tonsils, In The Buccopharyngeal Fascia, Which Are ...

Phosphorus And Arsenic
Phosphorus And Arsenic Phosphorus. —only The Yellow Phosphorus Is Poisonous. Medi Cinal Preparations Which May Cause Poisoning Are Solutions Of Phos Phorus In Oil Or With Cod Liver Oil. The Heads Of Matches Containing Phosphorus Are Frequently Swallowecl With Suicidal Intent. Rat Poison Often Contains Phosphorus. Gastric Symptoms With Vomiting ...

Physiologic And Psychologic Peculiarities
Physiologic And Psychologic Peculiarities The Distinct Features Just Described In Connection With The Mor Phology, Of The Child's Nervous System Let It At Once Be Supposed That Its Function, Likewise, Is Still Imperfect And Atypical. Indeed This Fact Already Becomes Manifest On Examination Of The Peripheral Nervous System. The Excitability- ...

Physiology Of The Childs
Physiology Of The Child's Heart The Child's Heart, In Comparison With The Rest Of The Body, Is Rela Tively Larger In Size Than That Of The Adult, And The Lumina Of The Large Arteries Are Relatively- Greater. The Younger The Child, The More Marked Are These Relations. A Result Of ...

Pit Yriasis Versicolor
Pit Yriasis Versicolor Pityriasis Versicolor Is Caused By The Microsporon Furfur Described By Eichstedt In 1.s4g. It Is Characterized By The Formation Of Irregular Yellowish To Yellowish Brown Roundish Spots Which Can Be Easily Scratched Off, Exposing The Skin Which Is Only Slightly Reddened. The Plaques May Become Confluent And ...

Plant
Plant (a) Poisoning With Drugs In Common Use Opium, Morphine, Codeine. —the Dose May Be Too Large, The Wrong Medicine Bottle Used; Decoctions Of Poppy Are Given By Country People To Quiet Their Children. Children Tolerate Very Little Opium. Coma, Convulsions, Vomiting, Contracted Pupil, Small Slow Pulse, Cool Skin, Fall ...

Plasters
Plasters Plasters Represent A Skin Medication The Consistency Of Which Lies Between That Of Salve And Wax. The Best Plasters For Pediatric Purposes Are Either Soap Plasters Or Unna's Guttapercha Plastermull (" Paraplaste "). Among The Best Softening Media For All Chronic Skin Affections (eczema, Psoriasis, Etc.), And For All ...

Pleitrisy
Pleitrisy Occurrence And Etiology.—pleurisy Is Less Frequently Met With During Childhood Than Pneumonia; But At The Same Time It Is A Disease Seen At All Periods Of Life. It Occurs In An Acute, Subacute, And Chronic, And In A Fibrinous, Serofibrinous, And Librinopurulent Or Purulent, Form (empyema). The Serofibrinous Form ...

Pneumococcic Arthritis
Pneumococcic Arthritis Pneumococcic Arthritis Which Has Only Recently Received Proper At Tention Owing To The Labors Of Pfisterer And Herzog, Deserves Special Mention In These Pages, Since It Is Apt To Occur In Childhood, Particularly In The First And Second Years Of Life. Bronchitis Or Pneumonia May Or May Not ...

Pneuniococcus Peritonitis
Pneuniococcus Peritonitis In Recent Years, Much Has Been Written, Especially By French Physicians (netter, Brun, Broca, Comby), Deseribing The Type Of Peri Tonitis In Which The Pneurnocoeeus Of Frankel Is Regularly Found As The Sole Etiological Factor. The Clinical Picture Is No New One. Already, In I842, Du ['argue Described ...

Poisoning With Acids And
Poisoning With Acids And Lyes Concentrated Mineral Acids And Powerful Lye, Such As Ammonia In The Shape Of Sal Ammoniac, Are Used For Cleansing Purposes In Most Households. The Foolish Habit Of Keeping Such Powerful Caustic Fluids In Beer Bottles, Soda Water Bottles And The Like Often Has Unfortunate Results. ...

Poisons
Poisons What A Poison Is, Is Not Easily Defined Since One And The Same Substance, Ac Cording To The Amount In Which It Is Absorbed, And According To The Con Dition In Which It Is Taken Into The Organism, And Also According To The Condition Of The Body Into Which ...

Poliomy Elitis
. Poliomy Elitis Poliomyelitis Is An Acute Inflammation Of The Spinal Cord Which Chiefly Attacks The Distribution Of The Anterior Central Artery (kadyi) In The Gray Matter Of The Anterior Horn. The Term Poliomyelitis Which Was Introduced By Kusernaul Is Therefore Quite Appropriate I.s.o.hos, Gray), But It Does Not Imply ...

Polyneuritis
. Polyneuritis Polyneuritis Or Multiple Neuritis Is Seen In Children After Acute Infectious Diseases And Poisoning, Or As An Idiopathic Disease. From The Cases Reported It Appears That Diphtheria, Scarlet Fever (seifert, Baselli, Itemak), Mumps (joffroy), Whooping-cough Alobius), Influ Enza, Pneumonia And Typhoid Fever Predispose To Multiple Neuritis. The Most ...

Prematurity And Congenital Debility
Prematurity And Congenital Debility It Is Apparent From The Very Meaning Of The Words That This Idea Is False; The Word Prematurity (partus Pruematurus) Means Only, Birth Before Term, Whereas The Expression Debility (debilitas Vitae) Is Qualitative, In The Sense That The Respective Child Is Deficient, Compared With A Healthy ...

Prognosis And Treatment Of
Prognosis And Treatment Of Tuberculous Diseases Of The Skin It Is Ativisabie In Discussing The Prognosis Of Tuberculous Diseases Of The Skin, To Use The Old Division, Separating The Older Known Forms Of Skin Tuberculosis From The Tuberculide. While The Prognosis Of The Former, Particularly In Case Of Lupus, Is ...

Prognosis In Hereditary Syphilis
Prognosis In Hereditary Syphilis In 18 Families, With Syphilitic Parents, In Which There Were 161 Pregnancies A. Fournier Saw 137 Still-births, I.e., S5 Per Cent. J. N. Hyde Found 916 Deaths During The First Year Of Life In 1121 Syphilitic Births. Statistics From The Foundling Home In Moscow Dating From ...

Progressive Pharyngeal Diphtheria
Progressive Pharyngeal Diphtheria The Onset Of This Form May, Like The Preceding, Be Insidious And Run A Rather Mild Course With Moderately Severe Symptoms Of General Tox Annia, As Long As The Affection Of The Larynx Is Not So Great As To Offer Considerable Obstruction To The Entrance Of Air. ...

Prolapse Of The Rectum
Prolapse Of The Rectum Prolapse Of The Anus Or Rectum Is Present When, In Defecation, The Mucosa Of The Anus, A Larger Portion Of The Rectul 11111cosft, Or Even All The Layers Of The Wall Of The Rectum, Are Extruded From The Anus. This Condition Can Lead To A Constant ...

Prophylaxis
Prophylaxis For Efficient Warfare Against. The Plague Of Diphtheria There A-re Two Plans: (1) The Destruction Of The Bacilli; (2) The Closing Of The Avenues By Which The Bacilli Travel. Of The Highest Importance Is An Accurate Diagnosis And A Knowledge Of The Possibilities Of Infection. Very Few Physicians Have ...

Prurigo
Prurigo (ram) The Form Of Prurigo Which Villan Has Included Among The Papulre, Has Been Established As A Pathological Type By Ferdinand Hebra. It Is An Affection Which Begins At The End Of The First Or Second Year, Attacks The Extensor Surfaces Of The Extremities, Is Accompanied By Violent Itching ...

Pseudoascites
Pseudoascites At This Juncture I Will Discuss A Symptom-complex Which Has Fre Quently Been Mistaken For Tuberculous Peritonitis, And Which Was First Described By Tifbler, Under The Name Of Pseucloascites, As A Deuteropathic Condition Of Ehronic Nephritis. The Manifestations Of Free Aseites Do Not Differ In Childhood From Those In ...

Pseudohermapiirodisnius Masculines
Pseudohermapiirodisnius Masculine's Internal (more Frequent Than The Feminine Form). External Genitals Formed Normally Masculine. In The Pelvis, Beside Normally Or Rudimentary Formed Wolffian Ducts And Their Derivatives, Ithillerian Fibres Are Also Found More Or Less Developed: Uterus With Tubes, Liga Ments, And Vagina. The Latter Opens Either Into The Prostatic ...

Psoriasis
Psoriasis Psoriasis Is A Chronic Affection Of The Skin With Frequent Relapses, Characterized By Light Red Papules Or Plaques Which Are Covered With Silvery Scales. The Scales Arc Loosely Connected And Become Easily Detached Through Scratching, And Underneath The Scales Appears The Inflamed, Light Red, Punctiforrn, Bleeding Skin. Clinical Forms ...

Psychoses
Psychoses The Most Important Of The Psychoses In Childhood Are Those Which Are Associated With Defective Intelligence—so Called Defect Psychoses. Among These The Active Congenital Conditions Which Are Included Under The General Term Of "imbecility" Are Much More Frequent Than Acquired Dementia. Congenital Defect Psychoses Are Peculiar Inasmuch As They ...

Puddings E Eggs
E. Eggs, Puddings, Etc. 40. Scrambled Egg. Beat One Whole Egg Well, Add One Tablespoonful Of Sweet Cream, One Teaspoonful Of Water And A Pinch Of Salt. Melt A Teaspoonful Of Butter In A Saucepan, Pour Ill The Mixture And Stir It Up Over A Slow Fire With A Silver ...

Purpura
Purpura Rheiblktica. Peliosis Rheumatica (schonlein) When Purpura Simplex Is Complicated By Articular Pains And Swell Ings Which Dominate The Disease Picture, It Is Termed Purpura Rheumatica. Affection Frequently Commences With Certain Prodromal Signs: Lassitude, Anorexia, Also Vomiting Or Diarrhoea, Vague Pains In The Limbs Which Are Not Yet Localized At ...

Purpura Simplex
Purpura Simplex Purpura Simplex Is Characterized By Slight Blood Sations Into The Skin Only. These Appear Dui T E Unexpectedly, Or They Are Pated By Certain Cursors Several Clays In Advance, Such As Headache, Anorexia, Lassitude, V O Mi T I N G. The Maculae Have The Size Of A ...

Purpura_2
Purpura Ilej1orriiacica. Morbus Maculosus Werlhofti The Hwmorrhages Occur Not Only On The External Skin And In The Subcutaneous Cellular Tissue, But Also In Various Mucous Membranes And In The Internal Organs. The Affection Usually Begins Quite Suddenly Without Prodromata While Patients Are In The Best Of Health, By The Appearance ...

Purulent Meningitis
Purulent Meningitis (meningitis Simplex) Purulent Meningitis Differs Both Anatomically And Clinically From Tuberculous Meningitis, At Least From Typical Cases With Wide Dissemina Tion. In The Former The Onset Is Sudden, With High Fever And Extensive Participation Of The Cerebral Cortex; In The Latter The Onset Is Insidious, With Slight Fever, ...

Pyiemic Infection
Pyiemic Infection The Most Important Pus-producing Bacteria — Pyogenic Micro Organisms—are The Following: 1. The Staphylococcus Group (usually Staphylococcus Pyogenes Aureus, Fig. 107a, Plate 9). The Masses Of Cocci Are Aggregated In The Form Of Grapes, They Are Stained With Basic Aniline Stains, Not &color Ized By Gram's Method; On ...

Pyloric Stenosis
Pyloric Stenosis This Eondition Is Traceable To Arrests Of Development Or Inflammatory Processes In Fetal Life And Frequently Assumes The Form Of Complete Atre.sia. As Early As In The First Days Of Existence It Leads To A Pronounced Symptomatic Picture Of A More Or Less Complete Intestinal Oeclusion And, After ...

Pyloric Stenosis In Infancy
Pyloric Stenosis In Infancy Such Cases Have Been Ob Served As Far Back As The Eighteenth Century', But The Real Historical Literature Of Pyloric Stenosis In Infancy Originates With A Lecture Held By The Danish Pecliatrist Hirschsprung Before The German Pediatric Society In Wiesbaden, In 1887. On That Occasion Hirschsprung ...

Pylorospasm
Pylorospasm There Is No Doubt That There Are Pathological Conditions In Infancy, The Manifestations And Course Of Which Could Without Constraint Be Explained By The Assumption Of A Mechanical Interference With The Physiological Evacuation Of The Stomach, In Which Organic Stenosis Is Never Found And Where There Is No Clinical ...

Rachitis
Rachitis Occurrence.—rachitis Is An Extraordinarily Wide-spread Disease. It Occurs Most Frequently In The Civilized Portions Of The North Temperate Zone, Where In The Poorer Quarters Of Great Cities It Affects 90 Or More Per Cent. Of All Children. It Is Comparatively Infrequent In The Tropics On The One Hand And ...

Rare Congenital Deformities Of
Rare Congenital Deformities Of The Foot Congenital Talipes Equinus Is Occasionally Met With, And Differs From The One Produced By A Congenital Spastic Contraction Of The Gas Trocnemius Muscle (congenital Cerebral Palsy, Little). Tenotomy Of The Tend° Achillis And Subsequent Plaster-of-paris Bandage For Two Or Three Weeks Will Correct The ...

Recipes Of Dishes Specially
Recipes Of Dishes Specially Adapted For Children. 1. Oat Meal Gruel. Oatmeal 15 Gm. ( Oz.) Is Washed Carefully Three Times In Plenty Of Cold Water, And Is Then Soaked For Two Hours In An Earthenware Dish, Drained, And Then Cooked In A Double Boiler With Litre (1? Pts.) Of ...

Sclercedema Sclerema Cedematosum
Sclercedema; Sclerema Cedematosum Symptomatology.—the Disease Usually Begins With Vague Dromal Signs, Such As Lessening Of The Appetite, Slight Restlessness And Crying; And At The Same Time The Breathing Becomes Shallow And Ular And The Heart's Action Weaker. After A Few Hours The Oedema Is Seen On The Back Of The ...