SALLUST, CAWS CRISVUS SALLUSTIUS, a celebrat ed Roman Historian, was born at Amiternum about the year 85, B. C. He was educated at Rome, but in his youth he was notorious for his profligacy and licentiousness, and he had squandered away his patri mony when he had scarcely obtained possession of it. We are informed by Marcus Varro, in a fragment preserved by Aulus Gellius, that Sallust was caught in adultery with the wife of Milo, who was the daugh ter of Sylla. Milo who himself made the discovery, is said to have scourged him severely, and to have detained him till he purchased his liberty by a pccu niaPy payment. In the year 60, B. C. he was made questor, and in 52, B. C. tribune of the people. As qucstor, he was admitted into the senate; but in the year 50, B. C. he was expelled by the censors on ac count of the immorality of his conduct. In the year 49 he was restored to the dignity of senator by Julius Caesar, who also appointed him questor; and in 47, B. C. he was made praetor, and sent to Numidia. There he plundered the province by the most exorbi tant exactions, and retired to Rome with enormous wealth, with which he purchased the house and gar dens on the Quirinal hill, which still bear his name.
'We are informed by Eusebius that he married Teren tia, the divorced wife of Cicero, and that he died at the age of fifty, or year 35, B. C. Besides his history of the conspiracy of Cataline and of the Jugurthine wars, Sallust composed a history of the Roman republic from the death of Sylla to Cataline's conspiracy, of which only a few fragments remain, and also some orations.
The best editions of his works are those of Grono vius, Ludg. Bat. 1690, of Wasse, Cantab. 1710, and of Havercamp, Amst. 1762. The works of Sallust were translated by Queen Elizabeth according to Camden, and another translation has appeared in folio, by the late Infant of Spain. One of the best translations of Sallust is by our countryman Henry Stewart, Esq. of Allanton, in one vol. 4to.