ORLEANS is also the name of a county in the state of Louisiana. It consists of the parish of Orleans, the city and suburbs of New Orleans, the precincts of New Orleans, and the parish of Placquemine. It contains 1300 square miles; and, in 1810, the population IVA1 24,552.
The climate of this county is by no means good. The most sickly season is in August, when the adjacent ponds begin to evaporate and send forth their pestilential effluvia. The number of births and deaths in the city of New Or leans, from March 1807 to March 1808, was, births 450, deaths 769. Of the births, 137 were whites, and 319 persons of colour ; of the deaths, 318 ware whites of adult age, and 56 children ; and 286 persons of colour and of adult age, and 109 children.
Rice is cultivated below Ncw Orleans, (in places unfit for any other grain,) where the ground can be laid under water. The nett value from 100 acres, cultivated hy 50 workmen, is estimated at 700 barrels, which, at 6 dollars per barrel, gives 4200 dollars, or 84 for each labourer.
The following is an estimate of produce received annual ly at New Orleans.
What is called the island of New Orleans, is a tract of land formed on one side hy the river Mississippi, and on the other by the lakes of Pontchartrain and Maurepas, together with the river lbberville, which is an outlet of the Mississippi. It is about 100 miles in length, and from 3 to 50 in breadth. It produces sugar, lemons, oranges, and figs. The river Bayou St. John, which is navigable for small vessels that pass between New Or leans and Mobile, and Pensacola, forms a communication between New Orleans and lake Pontchartrain. For far ther information respecting this county, see LOUISIANA, and NEW ORLEANS.