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Treaties

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TREATIES. Tk first treaty between England .and Japan was signed 30 Jan. 1902. The text is as follows.

The Governments of Great Britain and Japan, actuated solely by a desire to main= the status quo and general peace in the East, being moreover specially interested ir maintaining the independence and territoria; integrity of the Empire of China and the Ens pire of Korea, and in securing equal oppor tunities in those countries for the commerce industry of all nations, hereby agree as Article 1. The High Contracting Parties. having mutually recognized the independence of China and Korea, declare themselves to be en tirely uninfluenced by any aggressive tendencies in either country. Having in view, howem their special interests, of which those of GM: Britain relate principally to China, while Japan in addition to the interests which she possesses in China, is interested in a peculiar politically, as well as commercially and trially, in Korea, the High Contracting Parties recognize that it will be admissible for either of them to take such measures as may be dispensable in order to safeguard those interests if threatened either by the aggressive action of any other Power, or by disturbances arising in China or Korea, and necessitating the inter vention of either of the High Contracting Parties for the protection of the lives and prop erty of its subjects.

Art. 2. If either Great Britain or Japan, in the defence of their respective interests as above described, should become involved in war with another Power, the other High Contract ing Party will maintain a strict neutrality, and use its efforts to prevent other Powers from joining in hostilities against its ally.

Art. 3. If in the above event any other Power or Powers should join in hostilities against that ally, the other High Contracting Party will come to its assistance, and will con duct the war in common, and make peace in mutual agreement with it.

Art. 4. The High Contracting Parties agree that neither of them will, without consulting the other, enter into separate arrangements with another Power to the prejudice of the interests above described.

Art. 5. Whenever, in the opinion of Great Britain or Japan, the above-mentioned interests are in jeopardy, the two Governments will com municate with one another fully and frankly Art. 6. The present agreement shall come into effect immediately after the date of its signature, and remain in force for five years from that date. In case neither of the High Contracting Parties should have notified twelve months before the expiration of the said five years the intention of terminating it, it shall •emiin binding until the expiration of one year 'rom the day on which either of the High Con racting Parties shall have denounced it. But f, when the date fixed for its expiration arrives, ally is actually engaged in war, the al iance shall, ipso facto, continue until peace is :oncluded.

The second treaty was signed at London 12 Aug. 1905. The following letter explains its )bjects and purposes.

Despatch to his Majesty's Ambassador at faint Petersburg, forwarding a copy of the Agreement between the United Kingdom and rapan, signed at London, 12 Aug. 1905.

Che MARQUIS OF LANDSDOWNE to SIR C.