ANGLESEY, or ANGLESEA, an island and county of north Wales, in the Irish Sea, separated from the mainland by the Menai Strait. It is about 20 miles long and 17 miles broad, with an area of 175,836 acres, of which fully 150,000 acres are under rotation crops and permanent pasture, exclusive of mountain and heath land used for pasturage (about 7,600 acres). It is divided into three cantrefs, and each of these into two cwmwds, equivalent to the English hundreds. The sur face of the island, with the exception of Holy head, Parys and Bodafon Mountains, is com paratively fiat, and the climate, though milder than that of the adjoining coast, is not so favor able to the growth of trees. There are no streams of any importance, but the coast affords some natural harbors, the principal of which are Holyhead and Beaumaris. The principal crops are oats, barley, turnips and potatoes. Cattle and sheep are the staple pro ductions of the island, and large numbers of both are annually exported. Of minerals,
Anglesey contains copper, lead and silver ore, limestone, marble, asbestos and marl, but the copper mines at Parys and Mona, once so cele brated and productive, have much decreased in value. The Menai Strait is crossed by a magnificent suspension-bridge, 580 feet between the piers and 100 feet above high-water mark, allowing the largest vessels which navigate the strait to sail under it; and also by the great Britannia Tubular Bridge, for the conveyance of railway trains, Holyhead being the point of departure for the Irish mails. The market towns are Holyhead, Beaumaris, Llangefni and Amlwch, the first-named by far the largest. The county itself returns a member to Parlia ment. On the coast are several small islands, the chief being Holyhead and Puffin Island.