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or Co Dex Alexandrinus Alexandrian Version

published, manuscript and testament

ALEXANDRIAN VERSION, or CO DEX ALEXANDRINUS (ConEx A.), a Greek manuscript of the Bible, now in the British Museum, of great importance in Biblical criticism. It is on parchment, with uncial let ters, without breathings and accents or spaces between the words. It was written probably in the middle of the 5th century and contains, in four volumes, small folio, the whole Greek Bible, two letters of Bishop Clement of Rome to the Corinthians, the genuine epistle and a fragment of the second, the spurious one, and eight psalms of Solomon, so-called. The first three volumes contain the translation of the Old Testament; the fourth, the New Testa ment. A large part of the Gospel of St. Mat thew and of the Second Epistle to the Corin thians, as well as a portion of the Gospel of St. John, are wanting. The patriarch of Constan tinople, Cyrillus Lucaris, who in 1628 sent this manuscript as a present to Charles I, said he had received it from Egypt; and it is evident from other circumstances that it was written there. But it cannot be decided with certainty whether it came from Alexandria (whence its name). It is said, however, to have belonged

to the patriarch of Alexandria at the end of the 11th century. John Ernest Grabe followed it in his edition of the Septuagint (Oxford 1707 20, 4 vols. folio). Dr. Woide published the New Testament (London, folio, 1786), with types cast for the purpose, page for page and line for line, as in the manuscript itself. A somewhat more accurate text of the New Tes tament in ordinary Greek type (with the lacuna supplied) was published by R. H. Cowper in 1860. Henry Hervey Baber edited a facsimile edition of the Old Testament (London 1816-28, 3 vols., folio). In 1864 the complete text, along with three other of the oldest texts of the Bible, was published at Oxford, the work being arranged in parallel columns. An autotype fac simile of the whole codex in four volumes was published by the British Museum in 1879-83. The text of this manuscript is of most import ance in the criticism of the Epistles of the New Testament; in the Gospels the text is not so good.