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Gregory Iii

rome, lombards and boniface

GREGORY III, Saint, Pope : b. Syria, year unknown; d. Rome, November or December 741. He succeeded Gregory II in March 731, having been elected by accla mation while attending the obsequies of his Predecessor, whose policies he continued during his entire reign. He remonstrated with the emperor, Leo III, only to have his emissaries mistreated. As a result two synods were suc cessively (731 and 733) held in Rome, in which the iconoclastic heresy was condemned. Like his predecessor, Gregory gave support and encouragement to Saint Boniface, whose efforts to propagate the Catholic faith among the German nations were meeting with great suc cess. It was from this Gregory that Boniface received the pallium. The encroachments of the Lombards in Italy had now become so for midable that Gregory sent in succession two embassies to Charles Martel, the second of which promised the leader of the Franks the title of Patrician and Consul of Rome in re turn for his help against the Lombards. Char

les thereupon sent two emissaries to Rome and after their arrival the Lombards withdrew their troops and ceased from hostilities. The death of Charles, which was followed shortly after by that of Gregory, prevented any further immediate results. It is significant, however, that in this way the first step was taken toward the transference of Rome politically from the suzerainty of the Eastern emperors to that of the Frankish rulers of the West. Gregory's biographers say that he was well versed in Latin and Greek and the Holy Scriptures as well as pious and charitable. November 28 is his feast in the Roman calendar. Consult works mentioned under GREGORY II ; Barmby, James, (Gregorius (53) III' (in Smith and Wace,