GREYHOUND, a long, tall, slender hound, the standard features of which are described under Doc. It hunts by sight, is fitted for the swiftest running and leaping, and is used in the sport of coursing (q.v.). In the United States greyhounds are kept mainly as pets; yet in the West are used in chase of jack-rabbits, prong-horn antelopes and coyotes. Few horses are able to keep up with them, even in a level country, and on an irregular surface they dis tance horses easily. The modern thin, smooth haired type, to which the name is now popu larly restricted, is a development from a form which arose in western Asia before the Chris tian era, and was adopted and esteemed in Syria, Egypt and Rome, during the classic period. It was taken west with the Romans in their con quest of Europe, and later became the favorite dog of the nobility, an accompaniment of fal conry. At that time black, or black-and-white were the approved colors. There seems to have
been little essential change of form or qualities during this prolonged history, and literature and art abound in commemoration of the dog's grace, kindliness and exploits in the field. There arose at an early time a diminutive variety not half the size of Its namesake (about 7 pounds in weight) fragile, delicate, and of no use save as an ornamental pet, which is now known as the Italian greyhound. It is of almost any whole color óblack, mouse-grey, fawn or rarely white. Besides these satin-coated along-dogs," others arose in the colder parts of Europe which dif fered from the greyhound only in having a ((rough," that is long-haired, coat. These are the Irish wolfhounds (see WOLFHOUND), the Scotch stag or deerhound, and the Russian wolf hound or psovie (see Boum).