GROSVENOR, Edwin Augus tus, American educator and author: b. New buryport, Mass., 30 Aug. 1845. He was gradu ated at Amherst College in 1867 and at Andover Theological Seminary in 1872, was professor of history at Roberts College, Constantinople, 1873-90, and of European history at Amherst .College in 1892-99. In 1899 he was appointed to the newly established chair of modern govern ments and their administration and of modern government and intermtional law after 1901. He was also in Smith College as professor of history in 1892-94. His publications include translations from the French of Victor Duruy's 'Modern (1894) and 'General History' (1898) ; 'Andronike,' from modern Greek; 'The Hippodrome of Constantinople' (1889); 'Constantinople> (1895) ; 'The Permanence of the Greek Type' (1897) and 'Contemporary History' (1899), extending from 1848 to the present time. He edited "Reference History of the World') in Webster's 'International Diction ary> (1909).
' Gilbert Hovey, American editor: b. Constantinople, Turkey, 28 Oct. 1875. He was graduated from Robert College at Constantinople (1890) and then studied at cestex Academy and Amherst College. After teaching for a year he was appointed assistant editor of the National Geographic Magazine, .61f which he became managing editor (1901) a,lit4 editor (1903). He has been a director of thp-National Geographic Society since 1899. He ;is ,the author of 'The Explorations of the 19th ., century' (in the annual report of the secre- .; ivy of the Smithsonian Institute, 1900) ; a sketch of Peary's exploration of the North Pole (1910); 'Young Russia' (1914); 'See America' (1916). He is also editor of 'Scenes from Every Land' (1907, 1909, 1912) and associate editor of 'Proceedings of the Eighth International Geographic Congress' (1905), and 'Scientific Report of the Ziegler Polar Expedition of 1005-06.)