GUADALQUIVIR, gral-ke'ver, Spain, a river of the southern part, second in im portance to the Ebro. It takes its rise between the Sierra de Cazorla and Sierra del Pozo in the eastern part of the province of Jaen, at a height of 4,475 feet above sea-level. It flows southwest, and is joined by the Guadianamenor and Guadalimar, and later by the Jenil. After a course of about 355 miles it empties into the Atlantic Ocean. It drains a wide level area for the most part. Two islands, Isla Mayor and Isla Menor are located in the river below Seville. At its mouth are the great marshes, Las Marismas. The full stream of the river continues at all seasons, the supply coming from the winter rains and, in the summer, from the melting snows from the Sierra Nevadas. There are numerous towns along its course, and the two important cities of Cordova and Seville. It is navigable as far as Seville to ships of 1,200 tons.
pa-E-dal'-go, a town in the federal district of the United States of Mexico, three miles north of the city of Mexico. The treaty of peace be tween the United States and Mexico was signed here 2 Feb. 1848.
Treaty of, 2 Feb. 1848; the treaty which closed the Mexi can War. While the war was in progress, Polk sent Nicholas P. Trist of Virginia, then chief clerk of the State Department, to negotiate a treaty of peace; the conditions to include the cession of Upper and Lower California and New Mexico and the Rio Grande for boundary between Mexico and the United States. Trist
went to Scott's headquarters, an armistice was arranged, and in August 180 the three Mexi can commissioners and Trist met and exchanged proposals. The former would not yield to such terms, demanded the Nueces as the boundary (giving them Corpus Christi and a large tri angle at the south), and offered much less other territory. Trist was recalled, but re mained at headquarters; Santa Anna declared that he was tricked in the proposals, war opera tions went on, and the city of Mexico was captured not long after. In January 1847 negotiations were resumed, Trist still acting as principal, and the treaty above was agreed on. The Senate, however, refused to accept it, and insisted on harsher terms; Mexico was forced to accept them, and the Senate ratified the treaty 10 March. Formal proclamation was made 4 July 1848. The land cession was of Upper California and New Mexico, and the Rio Grande was made the boundary. The United States paid Mexico $15,000,000, and assumed $3,250,000 of claims made by United States citizens against Mexico prior to the treaty, besides any claims to which under the conventions of 1839 and 1843 Mexico was ad judged liable. Of the 252 claims put in under this treaty, 182 were finally allowed. See MEXICAN WAR.