HICKS, Thomas Holliday, American pol itician: b. Dorchester County, Md., 2 Sept. 1798; d. Washington, D. C., 13 Feb. 1865. After successively occupying the positions of sheriff, member of the State legislature, mem ber of the State electoral college and member of the governor's council, he was in 1858 elected governor of the State. When war was threat ened between North and South, although sym pathizing with the South and condemning the North's attitude on the slavery question, he sided with the party of neutrality in Maryland and opposed the secession of that State. When there were rumors of a plot formed by 6,000 men of his State to prevent Lincoln's inaugu ration and seize the city of Washington he sus pended the writ of habeas corpus, and planned the arrest of suspected persons. He was the only prominent State official who stood by the Federal government, and at the expiration of his term as governor the new legislature passed resolutions thanking him for having saved the State from joining the Confederates. In 1862 he was appointed to the Senate of the United States.and served in it till his death.
SIR Michael Edward, first Viscount St. Aldwyn, English states man: b. London 1837; d. 30 April 1916. He was educated at Eton and Oxford, entered Parliament in 1864, and was Chief Secretary for Ireland in 1874-78, 1886-87, and Secretary of State for the Colonies in 1878-80. In 1885-86 and 1895-1902 he was Chancellor of the Exchequer and leader of the Conservative party in the House of Commons. He was president of the Board of Trade from 1888 to 1892. On the fall of the Gladstone ministry in 1895 he again was Chancellor of the Exchequer 1895-1902. On Lord Salisbury's retirement from public life he also left the government. In the fiscal contro versy raised by Chamberlain's tariff reform proposals he warmly defended the established free trade policy; but his loyalty to Mr. Bal four, the new Premier, was shown by his suc cessful efforts to prevent the immediate snap ping of party ties on the part of the free-trade Unionists.