HORTON, Samuel Dana, American pub licist: b. Pomeroy, Ohio, 16 Jan. 1844; d. Wash ington, D. C.. 23 Feb. 1895. He was graduated from Harvard in 1864, and from the law school in 1868, and also studied abroad, especially in Berlin 1869 and 1870. He began the practise of law in Cincinnati, moving later to Pomeroy, but devoted himself mainly to the study of monetary questions, spending much time abroad; he was one of the first to advocate the establishment and maintenance of an interna tional ratio between gold and silver. He was a recognized authority on all questions concern ing coinage, was a delegate secretary of the American delegation to the international mone tary conference at Paris in 1878, and a delegate from the United States at the conference of 1881; in 1889 he was again sent abroad by the President as a special commissioner; shortly before his death he went to Washington at the request of the administration for a conference concerning the financial situation. His writ
ings include 'Silver and Gold and their Rela tion to the Problem of Resumption' (Cincin nati 1876) ; 'The Silver Pound and England's Monetary Policy since the Restoration' (Lon don 17); 'The History of the Guinea> (Lon don 1887) ; 'Silver in Europe' (New York 1890). He also assisted in editing the proceed ings of the conference of 1878 (Washington 1879) to which there is attached a vast body of documents, etc., collected and selected by him as 'Historical Material for and Contributions to the Study of Monetary Policy' (in Senate Ex ecutive Document No. 58, 45th Congress, 3d Session Washington 1879). The 'Proceedings of the International Monetary Conference, etc., in Paris, April-July 1881' (Cincinnati 1881) contain a number of addresses, remarks. etc_ made by him in his capacity as delegate. Con sult Walker, F. A., 'S. D. Horton' (in Eco nomic Journal, Vol. V, p. 304, London 1895).