NAPIER, SIR Charles James, English sol dier and administrator: b. London, 10 Aug. 1782; d. Oaklands, near Portsmouth, Hamp shire, 29 Aug. 1853. He entered the army as ensign in his 12th year and within four months was gazetted lieutenant. Having become cap tain in 1803, he accompanied his regiment to the Peninsula and distinguished himself at Coruna, where he had the rank of major, and where, after receiving five wounds, he was taken prisoner. In 1810 he returned to the Peninsula and fought at Busaco. After obtain ing the rank of colonel and taking part in most of the leading events of the Peninsular campaigns, he returned to England on the con clusion of peace. He was in the United States during the War of 1812, and after his return took part in the storming of Cambrai in 1815. From 1822 to 1830 he was governor of the island of Cephalonia, where he pleased the inhabitants better than the authorities at home. In 1841 he sailed for the East to assume the chief military command within the presidency of Bombay. He was shortly afterward called
to Sind in consequence of the determination of Lord Ellenborough, then governor-general, to punish the ameers for alleged misconduct dur mg the Afghan war. This policy was ably carried out by Napier, first by the splendid victories of Meanee (17 Feb. 1843) and Hy derabad (24 March) and afterward by the administration of Sind as a conquered province, of which Lord Ellenborough made him gov ernor. He retired in 1841, but during the Sikh war of 1848-49 he sailed once more for the East as commander-in-chief of all the forces in India. Having taken a step which subjected him to an unceremonious rebuke from the Marquis of Dalhousie, the governor-general, he resigned and returned to England the next year. Consult Bruce, (Life of General Sit Charles Napier' (1885); Butler, 'Sir Charles Napier' (1890).