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RUSH, Benjamin, American physician: b. Byberry, near Philadelphia, Pa., 24 Dec, 1745; d. Philadelphia, 19 April 1813. He was grad uated from Princeton in 1760, from the Univer sity of Edinburgh in 1768, and became professor of chemistry at the College of Philadelphia in 1769. He was active in the pre-Revolutionary movements and as member of the provincial conference of 1776 moved the resolution declar ing the expediency of a declaration of inde pendence, of which he was a signer in the fol lowing month. He was surgeon to the Penn sylvania navy in 1775-76 and in 1777 was ap pointed surgeon-general and later physician general of the hospitals of the middle section. In 1778 be resigned and resumed his practice and his professorship at Philadelphia. He was a member of the convention which formed the constitution of 1780, established the first dis pensary in the United States in 1785 and in 1787 was a member of the convention which ratified the Federal Constitution. He became

professor of the theory and practice of medi cine in 1789 and after the Medical College was merged in the University of Pennsylvania was appointed professor of the institutes and prac tice of medicine and of clinical practice. In the yellow fever epidemic of 1793 Rush insti tuted a new method of treatment for the dis ease which he used with great success, visiting from 100 to 120 patients daily. He was one of the founders of Dickinson College, an advocate of the abolition of slavery, was connected with various religious and scientific societies and was treasurer of the United States Mint from 1799 until his death. He wrote