RUSSELL, William Eustis, American lawyer and political leader : b. Cambridge, Mass., 6 Jan. 1857; d. Little Palos, Quebec, Canada, 16 July 1896. He was graduated from Harvard in 1877, and from the Boston Univer sity Law School in 1879, winning the Lawrence prize for the best legal essay. He was ad mitted to the Massachusetts bar in 1880 and began the practice of law with his father's firm. He also became an active member of the Democraticparty; was elected to the common council of Cambridge in 1881, to the board of aldermen in 1883 and 1884; and was mayor of the city 1885-82. His efficient administra tion as mayor, and his effective campaign speeches during the Presidential campaign of 1884, had made him a prominent figure in State politics, and in 1888 he was the Democratic nominee for governor. He was defeated in that year and again in 1889, but in 1890 was elected and twice re-elected in 1891 and 1892. He took an active part in all his gubernatorial campaigns, making numerous speeches in all parts of the State. His election as governor for three suc cessive years was a remarkable testimony to his personal integrity and popularity, as the ma jority of the legislature and the State officials were Republicans. ,Several laws were passed on
his recommendation, including a measure to reg ulate the lobby, and a law 'abolishing the prop erty qualification for goveinor and the poll tax. At the close of his term he resumed the prac tice of law, and in 1894 was appointed a mem ber of the board of Indian commissioners. In 1896 he was one of the most active opponents of the adoption of the free silver platform at the Democratic National Convention, and dis tinguished himself by a remarkable speech pleading for a return to the original principles of the lDemocracy; he was prominently men tioned as a candidate for the presidency by those who favored the gold standard. His death occurred suddenly, shortly after the con vention, and was thought to be due largely to the strain he had undergone at that time.