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Russellville

vaughn, ville, brigade and position

RUSSELLVILLE, at. After the defeat of Gen. W. . ones at Mor ristown, Tenn. (q.v.), 10 Dec. 1 , he was fol lowed by a Union force under Colonel Graham, and when near Russellville, Graham ran into General Morgan's cavalry division, which was foraging. Graham was attacked and driven back, leaving some dead, wounded and pris oners in the hands of the Confederates. Late in October 1864 Col. J. B. Palmer, 58th North Carolina, with about 800 men and three guns, moved from North Carolina into East Tennes see to co-operate with the Confederate troops under General Vaughn, and 28 October he was ordered by Vaughn to take position in the rear of Russellville, on the Bull's Gap road. He had scarcely taken position when Vaughn's brigade, defeated at Morristown, swept past him in great disorder. He formed line, threw out skirmishers, and opened fire with his three guns upon Gillem's pursuing troops, checking them and enabling Vaughn to rally about 200 of his men. General Gillem, who with a brigade, was at Henderson's Depot on 8 Nov. 1864, hearing that General Breckenridge was advancing to re conquer East Tennessee, fell back to Greene ville on the 9th and to Bull's Gap on the 10th, where he was attacked on the morning of the 11th by General Duke's cavalry brigade, but held his own during the day. The attack was

renewed by Breckinridge on the 12th with ar tillery; he next assaulted in front and in rear with cavalry, both being repulsed. Breckin ridge again renewed the attack on the 13th, and kept it up all day. Gillem being now almost out of ammunition, and without food for his men and forage for his horses, abandoned his posi tion during the night and fell back toward Rus selville. He took position on the road, at its intersection with the Knoxville and Greene ville road, intending to hold that point until his trains had passed it. Nearly all his trains had passed, and were going through Russell ville, when,.on the 14th, his rear was attacked by Breckinridge with the brigades of Duke and Vaughn. His men were thrown into disorder, became panic-stricken, could not be rallied and retreated through Russellville to Strawberry Plains. He had 41 killed and wounded, and lost six guns, 132 wagons and ambulances, and 300 horses. About 200 of his men were captured. Consult (Official Records> (Vols. XXXI and XXXIX).