WOLSELEY, Sia Garnet Joseph, 1sT Visual:NT, British soldier: b. near Dublin, 4 June 1833; d. 1913. Ile entered the army in 18.,2 as an ensign, served in the Burmese War of 1852-53, went through the Crimean cam paign and was severely wounded before Sebas topol. For his services here be was made a member of the Legion of Honor, and in 1855 was advanced to the rank of captain. He saw active service in India during the Mutiny, from 1858 to 1860 was attached to the Bengal com mand, took part in the brief China War of 1860, and in 1865 attained the rank of colonel. He was assistant quartermaster-gen eral and deputy quartermaster-general in Can ada 1867-70, and in the latter year led the suc cessful Red River expedition against Louis Rid. 011 leaving Canada he received the appointment of assistant adjutant-general at headquarters, a post which he held until 1873. In the Ashanti \Vat. in 1873-74 his admirably planned march resulted in the capture of Kumasi, the native capital, and led to the securing of British au thority on the Gold Coast. In 1875 he went to Natal as imperial commissioner, in 1878 was promoted to the rank of lieutenant-general. and went to Cyprus in the capacity of high commis sioner and commander-in-chtef. Leaving Cy prus next year he was again sent to South Africa, this time as governor and high com missioner of Natal and the Transvaal in order to finish the Zulu War and check the advance of Secocoeni. On returning home in 1880 he
was appointed quartermaster-general of the :Army, a post which he held till 1882, when he was advanced to the rank of adjutant-general, and as commander-in-chief conducted the cam paign in Egypt against Arabi Pasha, which ceded in the utter defeat of the latter at Tel-el Kebir. For this he was raised to the peerage as Baron %Volselev of Cairo and of 11olseley, in the county of Stafford. He commanded the Nile expedition of 1884-85, which was sent too late too relieve General Gordon in Khartum, because of his efficient service he was created Viscount Wolselcy of Wolseley on his return, and made a Knight of the Order of Saint Patrick In 1890 he was appointed to the command of the forces in Ireland. be coming at the same time pnvv councillor of Irdand, and in Pee; succeeded the !hike of ambridge in the post of commander-in-chief in the frond kingdom He was succeeded in the latter post by Lord Roberts on his return from South Africa in 1900. He has published 'Narrative of the War with China in leti)' (1862); The Soldier's Pocket-Book for Field Service' (1869; 1882); 'The Life of John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, to the Acces sion of Queen Anne' (1894); 'The Decline and Fall of Napoleon' (1895); 'The Story of a Soldier's Life' (1903). Consult Low. 'Me moir of Sir Joseph Garnet Wolseley' (1878).