BIGELOW, Poultney, American author: b. New York (son of John Bigelow) 10 Sept. 1855. After a cosmopolitan training in the United States, France and Germany where Emperor William II tvas his fellow pupil in 1871-72, their friendship persisting until 1896, when the Jameson raid ranged Mr. Bigelow in political opposition to the anti-English policy of Germany, he was graduated at the Norwich Academy 1873, at Yale University 1879, and from the Columbia Law School 1882. In 1875 76 he made a voyage around the world in a sailing-ship which was wrecked on the coast of Japan. Admitted to the bar in 1882, he abandoned the law, after a few years, for journalism and travel in China, Africa, the West Indies, Borneo, Australia, New Guinea, Russia and India, the while collecting material for studies on colonization. He was the first to take a canoe through the Iron Gates of the Danube and was the founder and first editor of Outing, the first American magazine of amateur outdoor sport 1885-87; was lecturer at principal universities on modern history and colonial administration; was correspondent of the London Times in the Spanish-American War 1898. In 1906 he returned from his 4th
voyage round the world and retired to Malden on-Hudson, the birthplace of his father, where he devotes his time to rural and literary pur suits. He has published (The German Ern peror) (1889) ; (The German Emperor and His Eastern Neighbors' (1892) ; 'Paddles and Politics down the Danube' (1892) ; 'The Bor derland of Czar and Kaiser' (1894), in gather ing the materials for which he was expelled from the Russian Empire; 'History of the German Struggle for Liberty' (4 vols., 1896; new ed., 1912) ; 'White Man's Africa' (1898), and 'Prussian Memories' (1915).