BRANT, Joseph (T H AYEN DA NEGEA), Mo hawk chief : b. Ohio, about 1742; d. 24 Nov. 1807. He was sent by Sir William Johnson to a school at Lebanon, Conn., from which grew Dartmouth College. Joining the Episcopal Church, he taught religion to the•Mohawk In dians, translating into their language parts of the New Testament and the Prayer Book. His services against Pontiac and in the French and Indian War were highly valued. After the death of Sir William Johnson (who had mar ried his sister Molly), Brant became, in 1774, secretary to Guy Johnson, superintendent of Indian affairs, and when the American Revolu tion began he incited the Indians against the colonies. His presence at the massacre of Wyoming is authoritatively disproved, but he took part in that of Cherry Valley and in other savage engagements. He was received with great distinction on his tour to England in 1786 and was attached to the military service of Sir Guy Carleton in Canada. He opposed the con
federation of the Indians which led to the ex pedition of General Wayne, and did all he could to prevent peace between the Indians and the United States. He was zealously devoted to the welfare of his own people, a brave warrior, loyal to his friends and merciful to his cap tives. In England he collected funds with which he built the first Episcopal church in Upper Canada. Brantford, Ontario, is named in his honor. One of his sons, John Brant (1794 1832), in the War of 1812, was the leader of a body of Canadians and Indians against the United States. The life of Brant was written by W. L. Stone (new ed., Albany 1865). Con sult also Eggleston and Seelye, 'Brant and Red Jacket' in 'Famous American Indians' (New York 1879).