ROSE. This queen of flowers is almost uni versally cultivated in some form. Every garden however small has its rose bush, too often, how ever, of old and discarded varieties that have but little merit compared with the varieties of later years. The well known June rose, annual bloomer, is perfectly hardy, and may now be had of splendid varieties, including standard, moss, climbing and pillar roses, or half climbing. Unfortunately, once they have cast their short lived bloom, they bloom no more until the next season. The hybrid perpetuals, however, after their suinmer bloom is passed, if cut back, will again bloom in the fall, and the color, variety, and substance of their flowers is all that could be desired. They, however, require protection during the winter, North. Without this they are liable to winter-kill. Roses require a deep, rich humus, but moderately compact soil. Pot roses like a soil rather lumpy, that is a soil not sifted. Two parts of rich, black loam, and one part of rotted cow manure, with the addition of a little sharp sand serves them admirably. The monthly or Chinese rose and its hybrids, generally known as monthly roses, are still more tender than the perpetuals. They may be perfectly well win tered in a pit, three or four feet deep, covered with glass, and protected from severe frost, if a little air is given them in winter. So also they
may be wintered in a well lighted cellar. They are the roses principally grown in window gar dens. The only objection to growing roses in rooms is the prevalence of insects, especially the green fly and red spider, destroying their use fulness and beauty. Semperflorens is among the best for a single variety; for two, add Indica Alba; three, add Eugene Beauharnais; four, add I ndica (common daily); five, add La Superbe ; and for six, add Jacksonii. These are all firm and free blooms. The tea roses are exquisite and fragrant. Odorata, Saffrano, Compte de Paris, and Adam are among the good reliable sorts. The Bourbon roses, sometimes called China-per petuals are a fine class, vigorous in growth and hardier than the China rose. Queen of Bedders, Souvenier de la Malmaison, and Hermosa are fine. All the roses described may be wintered in a pit or cool cellar as described. They may be planted out in the ground about April first, in latitude forty two degrees, and taken up before hard and continuous freezing occurs.