KRUMMACHER, FRIEDRICH ADOLF, the elder of a family of distinguished German clergymen, was born at Tecklenburg in West phalia, on July 13, 1768. He was educated for the church, and after having been professor of theology in the University of Duisburg, ho accepted the office of reformed preacher at Crefeld, which he shortly exchanged for the country living of Kettwich in Westphalia. In 1819 he was called to the consistorial council of Bernburg, in 1824 to Bremen, and died in 1845. He was a prolific writer both in prose and verse. His drama of 'Johannes' is not distiuguished by much poetic or dramatic feeling, but his hymn of Love and his Parables became very popular, and the last have been translated into English. He also wrote Der Hauptman Cornelius' (' Cornelius the Centurion') and 'Das Leben des heiligen Johannes' (' the Life of St. John '), which have likewise been rendered into English. His other principal works areó`Die Kinderwelt,' a book of religious poetry fur children ; ' Leiden, Sterben, und Auferatehung unser. Herrn Jesu Christ' (` The
Sufferings, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Christ ') ; Ueber deu Geist und die Form der evangelischen Geschichte in historischer uud iistbetischer Hinsieht ' (' On the Spirit and Form of Evangelical History in its historical and aesthetical Relations '); and many other works of similar character.
Gunmen DANIEL KROMMACHER, his younger brother, was born April let, 1774. He studied at Duisberg, became a popular preacher at Baerth and Wolfrath, and in 1816 a reformed minister at Elber feld. He was at the head of the sect of Pietists in his district, and his sermons on the wandering of the children of Israel through the wilderness to Canaan, were highly esteemed, and have been translated into English. In 1838 he published Tagliches Manna' (` Daily Manna '), a work also held in very general repute, and which has appeared in English uuder the title of The Christian's Every-day Book.' He died in 1837.