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History of Standard Oil

A Modern War For
A Modern War For Independence One Irreconcilable Enemy In The Oil Business Has Always Been The Oil Producer. There Is No Doubt That Mr. Rockefeller Has Sincerely Deplored This. And Well He Might, For He Learned In His First Great Raid On The Industry In 1872 That The Producers Aroused ...

Affidavit Of James H
Affidavit Of James H. Devereux J. H. Devereux, Being First Duly Sworn, Says That He Is Forty-eight Years Of Age, And Is President Of The New York, Pennsylvania And Ohio Railroad ; That In X868 He Became Vice-president Of The Lake Shore Railroad, And Remained In That Position As Well ...

Affidavits Of George 0
Affidavits Of George 0. Baslington In The Spring Of 1869, They (hanna, Baslington & Company) Began The Construc Tion Of Refining Works Just Above The Atlantic Depot On The West Side Of The Cleveland And Columbus Railroad Track, And Invested In The Construction Of The Works About $67,000, Which Works ...

B B Campbell
B. B. Campbell." The Contract With The Pennsylvania Which Was Signed By Mr. Scott Agreed, In Consideration Of The Withdrawal Of The Suit Against The Road, To The Following Policy : I. That It Would Make Known To All Shippers All Rates Of Freight Charged Upon Petroleum. [this Was An ...

B B Campbell
" B. B. Campbell, Parnassus, Pennsylvania. Dear Sir—your Despatch Of Yesterday From 0. C. Has Only Just Reached Me. As I Cannot Say What I Want To Over The Wires I Reply By Mail. You Ask If The High-sounding Wording Of The Declaration Of Rights Of The Producers Made At ...

Bissell And Reed Messrs
Messrs. Eveleth, Bissell And Reed. Gentlemen:—i Herewith Offer You The Results Of My Somewhat Extended Researches Upon The Rock-oil, Or Petroleum, From Venango County, Pennsylvania, Which You Have Requested Me To Examine With Reference To Its Value For Economical Purposes. Numerous Localities, Well Known In Different Parts Of The World, ...

Captain J J Vandergrift
" Captain J. J. Vandergrift: My Dear Sir—we Are Now Prepared To Enter Into A Contract To Refine All The Petroleum That Can Be Sold In The Markets Of The World At A Low Price For Refining. Prices Of Refined Oil To Be Made By A Joint Committee Of Producers ...

Company
Company There Can Be No Doubt That The Determining Factor In The Success Of The Standard Oil Company In Securing A Practical Monopoly Of The Oil Indus Try Has Been The Special Privileges It Has Enjoyed Since The Beginning Of Its Career, It Is Equally True That Those Privileges Alone ...

Conclusion
Conclusion Men In Either The Political Or Industrial Life Of This Country Can Point To An Achievement Carried Out In More Exact Accord With Its First Conception Than John D. Rockefeller, For Both In Purpose And Methods The Standard Oil Company Is And Always Has Been A Form Of The ...

Cutting To Kill
Cutting To Kill Every Detail Of The Oil Trade, To Be Able To Reach At Any Moment Its Remotest Point, To Control Even Its Weakest Factor—this Was John D. Rocke Feller's Ideal Of Doing Business. It Seemed To Be An Intellectual Necessity For Him To Be Able To Direct The ...

Distillation At A Higher
Distillation At A Higher Temperature The Results Of The Distillation At A Regulated Temperature In Glass Led Us To Believe That In A Metallic Vessel, Capable Of Enduring A High Degree Of Heat, We Might Obtain A Much Larger Proportion Of Valuable Products. A Copper Still, Holding Five Or Six ...

Examination Of The Oil
Examination Of The Oil To Determine What Products Might Be Obtained In The Oil, A Portion Of It Was Sub Mitted To Fractional Distillation.* The Temperature Of The Fluid Was Constantly Regulated By A Thermometer, The Heat Being Applied First By A Water Bath, And Then By A Bath Of ...

Fairfield
" Fairfield, July 31, 1879. "to His Excellency Henry M. Hoyt, Governor Of The Commonwealth Of Pennsylvania. Sir—on Behalf Of The Producers Of Oil, Whom I Represent As President Of Their General Council, I Most Respectfully Ask A Decision At Your Hands, Of The Requisition On The Governor Of The ...

General Character Of The
General Character Of The Crude Product The Crude Oil, As It Is Gathered On Your Lands, Has A Dark Brown Colour, Which, By Reflected Light, Is Greenish Or Bluish. It Is Thick Even In Warm Weather—about As Thick As Thin Molasses. In Very Cold Weather It Is Somewhat More Stiff, ...

John D
" John D. Mr. Rockefeller Says Further In The Affidavit From Which This Letter Is Drawn: "it Is Not True That I Made Any Promises That I Did Not Keep In The Letter And Spirit, And It Is Not True Tt That I Was Instrumental To Any Degree In Her ...

Laying The Foundations Of
Laying The Foundations Of A Trust While The Producers And Refiners Were Working Out Associations And Alliances To Regulate The Output Of Crude And Refined Oil, The Freight Rates Over The Three Great Oil-carrying Roads Were Publicly Supposed To Be Those Settled By The Agreement Of March 25. Except By ...

No Man In Public
"no Man In Public Office Owes The Public Anything," Played In The Senatorial Campaign Of 1897 Is Familiar To Those Who Follow Politics. It Was Kept Standing For Days In Black Faced Capitals At The Head Of The Opposition Newspapers In Ohio, And Remained A Potent Weapon In The Hands ...

Organisation Of The Petroleum
Organisation Of The Petroleum Producers' Union Of 1872 [from "a History Of The Rise And Fall Of The South Improvement Company," Pages 8—so.] I. The Territory Forming The Pennsylvania Petroleum Field Shall Be Divided Into Sixteen Districts. . . . 2. The Producers In Each District Shall Meet At Some ...

Photometric Experiments
Photometric Experiments The Unit Adopted For Comparison Of Intensities Of Illumination Is Judd's Patent Sixes Sperm Candle. The Sperm Oil Used Was From Edward Mott Robinson, Of New Bedford—the Best Winter Sperm Remaining Fluid At 32° F. The Colza Oil And Carcel's Lamps Were Furnished By Dardonville, Lampist, Broadway, New ...

Pledge I
Pledge "i Do Hereby Agree To Sell All My Production Of Oil Through, Or With The Consent Of, The Committee Of The Petroleum Producers' Union." First.—that An Organisation Shall Be Immediately Formed For The Exclusive Purpose Of Advancing Money To Producers Upon Their Depositing Proper Tank Or Pipe Company Receipts ...

Properties Of The Distilled
Properties Of The Distilled Oils Exposed To The Severest Cold Of The Past Winter, All The Oils Obtained In This Dis Tillation Remained Fluid. Only The Last Two Or Three Appeared At All Stiffened By A Cold Of 15° Below Zero, While The First Three Or Four Products Of Distillation ...

Section I
Section I. Be It Enacted By The Senate And House Of Representatives Of The Common Wealth Of Pennsylvania In General Assembly Met, And It Is Hereby Enacted By The Author Ity Of The Same, That Andrew Howard, J. S. Swartz, G. B. Edwards, J. D. Welsto, And J. P. Malin, ...

Strengthening The Foundations
Strengthening The Foundations The Central Association Announced Itself, Independent Refiners And The Producers As A Body Watched Developments With Suspicion. They Had Little To Go On. They Had No Means Of Proving What Was Actually The Fact That The Central Association Was The Standard Oil Company Working Secretly To Bring ...

The Birth Of An
The Birth Of An Industry The Busiest Corners Of The Globe At The Open Ing Of The Year 1872 Was A Strip Of Northwestern Pennsylvania, Not Over Fifty Miles Long, Known The World Over As The Oil Regions. Twelve Years Before • This Strip Of Land Had Been But Little ...

The Breaking Up Of
The Breaking Up Of The Trust No Characteristic Of Mr. Rockefeller And His Great Corporation Which From The Beginning Had Been More Exasperating To The Oil World Than The Se Crecy With Which Operations Were Conducted. The Plan Of The South Improvement Company Had Only Been Re Vealed To Those ...

The Buffalo Case
The Buffalo Case Soon After Mr. Rockefeller Began To "acquire" Independent Refineries, Whose Owners Were Loath To Sell Or Go Out Of Business, Unpleasant Stories Began To Be Circulated In The Oil World Of The Methods Used In Getting The Offending Plants Out Of The Way. When Freight Discriminations, Cutting ...

An Unholy Alliance
" An Unholy Alliance" Feeling Of Outrage And Resentment Against The Standard Oil Company, General In The Oil Regions At The Close Of The Oil War Because Of The Belief That It Intended To Carry On The South Improvement Company In Some New Way, Was Intensified In The Weeks Immediately ...