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The Blood
The Blood. This Work Is, Of Course, Designed More For Con Sultation Than For Systematic Reading. Never Theless It Has Been Considered Advisable To Take Up One Part Of The Body After Another In A Regular Order, So That, If Any One Chooses To Read The Sections On Anatomy And ...

The Care Of The
The Care Of The Eyes And Ears. The Care Of The Eyes.—a Common-sense Rule Should Be Applied To The Eyes And Ears As To Other Organs. We Know That Excessive Use Of A Muscle Produces A Sense Of Tiredness, And That The Sensible Course Is To Give The Muscle Rest ...

The Cause Of Fever
The Cause Of Fever. The Temperature Of The Body Is Maintained At A Nearly Constant Level By The Action Of The Nervous System. Heat Is Always Being Pro Duced In The Body, And Heat Is Always Being Lost From The Body. For A Detailed Considera Tion Of This Subject Refer ...

The Causes And Results
The Causes And Results Of Inflammation. The Causes Of Inflammation Are Numer Ous, But They May Be Placed In Several Classes. }'or Instance, We May Speak Of Physical Causes, Including In This Class Injury Done By An Instru Ment, Which Cuts Or Tears Or Bruises; Or Injury Done, For Instance, ...

The Connective Tissues
The Connective Tissues. Under This Term Are Grouped Certain Tissues Which To All Outward Appearance Vary Greatly From One Another, But Which Are All Produced In The Developing Body From The Same Parts, And Act - As Packing Or Supuli.124 Under Certain Circumstances One Of These Tissues May Be Substituted ...

The Conviction Of The
The Conviction Of The Bowel As The Seat Of Indigestion. A Similar Routine May Be Followed As Has Been Described Is The Case Of The Stomach. The Patient Lies On His Back, With Knees Supported By A Pillow, Head And Shoulders Being Slightly Raised, And Is Asked To Relax As ...

The Conviction Of The
The Conviction Of The Stomach As The Seat Of Indigestion. One May Now Ask—how Is An Outlet To Be Found From This Maze Of Causes And Effects? How Is One To Discover Where The Mischief Begins And What Causes It? For The Only Rational Way Out Of The Difficulties That ...

The Cranial Or Cerebral
The Cranial Or Cerebral Nerves. There Is A Set Of Nerves, Called The Cranial Or Cerebral Nerves, Which Pass From The Brain Through Different Openings In The Skull, And Are Distributed Over The Head And Face As Well As To Sonic Parts Of The Trunk And Certain Of The Internal ...

The Digestive Apparatus
The Digestive Apparatus. The Mouth Is A Cavity Formed By The Lips In Front, Cheeks At The Side, Tongue Below, And Palate Above. The Roof Of The Mouth Derives Its Bony Part From The Upper Jaw-bone On Each Side And The Palate Bones Behind (see P. 60); The Bone Is ...

The Digestive Process
The Digestive Process We Have Considered The Character And Struc Ture Of The Digestive Apparatus, The Tract Along Which The Food Is Conveyed, And The Various Glands In Connection With It; And We Have Seen That Theie Glands Pour Various Juices Into The Canal To Mix With The Food, Namely ...

The Digestive System
The Digestive System. Diseases Of The Digestive System Are Very Numerous And Important. In Some Respects, Indeed, They Are The Most Important Class Of Diseases That Fall To Be Considered In A Work Of This Kind. In A Sense The Digestive Organs Are More Open To The Attack Of Disease ...

The Digestive System
The Digestive System. The Digestive System Includes All Those Or Gans That Are Connected With The Function Of Alimentation, The Function, That Is, Which Has To Do With The Preparation Of Food To Fit It For Gaining Entrance Into The Blood, And With The Separation Of The Nourishing From The ...

The Distribution Of Nerves
The Distribution Of Nerves. The Distribution Of The Cranial Nerves Has Been Already Indicated. Each Spinal Nerve, After It Has Issued From Its Opening In The Back Bone, Splits Into Two Divisions, One Of Which Pro Ceeds To Supply Parts Behind The Spine, While The Other Passes Forward Towards The ...

The Dress Of Girls
The Dress Of Girls. Conditions Of Healthy Dress.—strictly Speaking There Is Only One Purpose Of Dress, And That Is To Maintain The Whole Body At An Appropriate And Equal Degree Of Heat. That Main Purpose Being Fulfilled, There Are Various Secondary Conditions To Be Kept In View. The Dress Ought ...

The Drug Treatment Of
The Drug Treatment Of Consumption. Antiseptic Treatment. — Consumption Being An Infection It Is Natural To Seek For Some Remedy Which Will Destroy The Organism In The Tissues Of The Lung. To Do This Without Injury To The Patient Is The Difficulty. It Is Attempted In The Main In Two ...

The Duration Of Human
The Duration Of Human Nancy. The Process Going On Within The Body Of The Mother In The Production Of Offspring Is Called Gestation, And The Whole Time Occupied By The Process Is Called The Period Of Gestation. In The Human Being The Length Of This Period, That Is, The Average ...

The Education Of Girls
The Education Of Girls. Higher And University Training. — It Used To Be A Common Subject Of Discussion Whether Women Are Intellectually Inferior To Men, And It Was Also Commonly Concluded That They Are. Whether That Be So Or Not, It Is A Fact That Woman Was For Many Centuries ...

The Examination Of The
The Examination Of The Chest. There Are Few Organs Of The Body Whose Con Dition Can Be So Directly Observed By A Physi Cian As The Lungs, Few In The Examination Of Which The Physician Is So Independent Of The Feelings Of The Patient. This Is Due To The Adoption, ...

The Female Generative Organs
The Female Generative Organs At The Age Of From Thirteen To Sixteen Years, In Temperate Climates, Changes Occur In Girls Which Indicate That A Stage Has Been Reached In The Development Of Special Organs, And That The Girl Has Become Capable Of Her Peculiar Functions. The Main Change Is The ...

The Functions Of The
The Functions Of The Liver. The Structure Of The Liver Has Been Described On Pages 200 And 201, And Its Function In Diges Tion Has Been Referred To On P. 205. But The Part The Liver Plays In The Digestive Process Is Only One Of Its Duties, And Perhaps Not ...

The Functions Of The
The Functions Of The Central Nervous System. To Disentangle The Fully-developed Human Nervous System, Or That Of Any Of The Higher Animals, In Order To Determine The Relations And Duties Of The Various Cells And Fibres Of Which, As We Have Said, It Is Built Up, Would He An Impossible ...

The Functions Of The_2
The Functions Of The The Business Of The Kidney Is To Separate Certain Substances From The Blood Which Have Gained Access To It In Its Course Through The Body, And Are The Result Of The Decompositions Effected In The Tissues By Their Activity. The Chief Of These Substances Removed By ...

The General Treatment Of
The General Treatment Of Bowel Disorders. The Great Variety Of Bowel Disorders Makes It Difficult To Lay Down Rules Apart From The Consideration Of Particular Diseases. It Will Be Apparent, However, That Any Disorder Of The Bowel Will Be Markedly Affected By The Kind Of Material Passed Into The Intestinal ...

The General Treatment Of
The General Treatment Of Stomach Disorders. If We Exclude Cancer, And Certain Cases Where The Outlet Of The Stomach Has Been Narrow From Birth, One Might Say That The Great Majority Of Stomach Disorders Are Due To Errors In Diet, And, Whatever Else May Be Done, The Dietetic Errors Must ...

The General Treatment Of_2
The General Treatment Of Sumption. For A Disease Of So Much Variety Of Symptom And Complication And Emergency, It Is Impossible To Lay Down Anything But The Most General Lines On Which To Proceed. General Rules. — The Consumptive Should Live A Methodical, Regular Life. The Diet Should Be Generous, ...

The Growth Of The
The Growth Of The Offspring. The Embryo And The Ovum Which Has Been Fertilized By The Action Of The Male Element Reaches The Womb It Is Not Much Larger Than Its Original Size, About The Of An Inch. It Becomes Attached To The Walls Of The Womb In A Peculiar ...

The Heart
The Heart. The Heart Is A Hollow Organ Made Of Muscle, Whose Fibres Resemble, In Some Respects, Those Of Voluntary Muscle, Described On P. 111, But Differ From Them In Being Beyond The Control Of The Will, That Is, Involuntary. It Is Situated In The Chest, Between The Right And ...

The Joints
The Joints. By Joint Or Articulation Is Meant The Union Of Two Bones By Means Of Other Structures. The Structures That Enter Into The Formation Of A Joint Are : (1) Bone, (2) Cartilage Or Gristle, (3) Synovia, A Smooth Delicate Membrane Which Lines All Parts Of The Inside Of ...

The Kinds Of Inflammation
The Kinds Of Inflammation. Wherever It Occurs The Process Of Inflam Mation Is Essentially One And The Same ; What Ever Differences Occur Are Due Rather To The Situation Of The Process, Or Its Duration, Or To Such Causes As Have Been Already Discussed, Depending Upon The Intensity And Character ...

The Lymphatic Vessels And
The Lymphatic Vessels And Glands Lacteal Has Been Pointed Out On Pages 204 And 205 That The Blood Is Regularly Receiving Fresh Supplies Of Material To Maintain Its Bulk And Quality From Food That Has Been Taken Into The Alimentary Canal. It Has Been Seen That The Nourishing Portions Of ...

The Management Of Children
The Management Of Children Between The Sixth Month And Third Year Of Age. Breast-feeding.----up To The Sixth Month The Child Has Either Been Nourished Entirely By The Breast Milk, Or By Milk Food Given Through A Bottle, Or By The Breast Milk Supplemented By The Bottle Food. By This Time ...

The Management Of Labour
The Management Of Labour. Parturition Is The Term Applied To The Pro Cess By Which The Offspring, Brought To A Certain Degree Of Maturity Within The Body Of The Mother, Is Expelled Therefrom, And Enters Upon A Separate Existence. A Shorter And More Familiar Word For The Same Thing Is ...

The Management Of Pregnancy
The Management Of Pregnancy. The Mouths Of Pregnancy Are Periods Of Con Siderable Anxiety And Trouble To Most Women, And Are Especially So To Those Who Pass Through Theui For The First Time. It Is Natural That Women Pregnant For The First Time Should Seek Advice And Counsel From More-experienced ...

The Management Of The
The Management Of The Monthly Illness. Details Of The Nature Of The Monthly Illness Have Been Given Above, In So Far As They Seemed Advisable For The Purpose Of Communicating Some Intelligent Appreciation Of The Character Of Occurrences Of Which Every Woman's Body Is The Seat. It Is But In ...

The Movements Of Breathing
The Movements Of Breathing. If A Healthy Person Be Observed It Will Be Noticed That The Act Of Respiration Or Breathing Consists Of A Regular Series Of Movements. With The Taking In Of Breath The Chest Rises And The Belly Is Slightly Pushed Outwards. That Is Immediately Followed By The ...

The Nature Of Sound
The Nature Of Sound. Sound Is A Form Of Movement. This May Te Shown In Various Ways. We All Know That Tightened String May Be Caused To Give Out A Nusical Sound By Being Pulled Strongly To One Lide And Then Let Go. The String Makes A Rapid O-and-fro Motion, ...

The Observation Of The
The Observation Of The Variations Of Temperature In Fever. All Fevers Do Not Behave Alike. In Any Given Case Of Fever The Temperature Does Not Always Remain At Or About The Same Level Throughout The Course Of The Disease. It Varies From Day To Day, And Maybe From Hour To ...

The Organ Of
The Organ Of Vision—the Eye And Its Appendages. The Orbit. — The Eyeball Is Situated In A Bony Cavity Called The Orbit, Formed By Various Bones Of The Head And Face (see P. 59). The Cavity Is Padded By A Loose Fatty Tissue, The Diminution In The Amount Of Which ...

The Organ Of Smell
The Organ Of Smell. The Nostrils Contain In Their Mucous Mem Brane The Structures Devoted To The Sense Of Smell. Reference To Fig. 12, P. 59, Shows The Cavity Of The Nostrils So Far As Formed By Bone. The Roof Of The Cavity Is Formed By The Ethmoid Bone, The ...

The Organ Of Taste
The Organ Of Taste. The Tongue And Soft Palate Are The Seat Of The Organ Of Taste, Which Consists, Like That Of Touch, In A Particular Mode Of Nerve Termi Nation. The Tongue Is Composed Mainly Of Muscular Fibres Running In Various Directions, And Freely Supplied By Nerves And Vessels. ...

The Organ Of Voice
The Organ Of Voice. The Voice-box Or Larynx Forms The Upper Part Of The Windpipe. It Is Constructed Of Vari Ous Curiously-shaped Pieces Of Cartilage (gristle), Connected Together By Bands Of Ligament, And Is Clothed Outside By Muscles, And Inside By A Mucous Membrane Continuous With That Of The Rest ...

The Period
The Period. This Is The Phrase Applied To The Time Follow Big Labour Till The Mother Is Able To Be About Again. It Is Also Called The Puerperium. For The First Few Hours After Labour The Mother Should Continue To Lie On Her Back, And After That Time As She ...

The Position Of The
The Position Of The Child In Labour. The Attitude Of The The Womb, Even In The Early Months Of Pregnancy, The Child Usually Beads Forwards, And In The Later Months The Head Is Bent Forwards Upon The Chest, And The Thighs Bent Upwards To The Belly, The Knees And Elbows ...

The Prevention Of Consumption
The Prevention Of Consumption. Incidentally All That Is Necessary Has Been Said On This Part Of The Subject. The Precau Tions To Prevent The Spread Of The Disease By Infection From Dried Spit, Or From Meat Or Milk, Have Been Referred To. The Value Of Sunshine And Fresh Air As ...

The Prevention Of Insanity
The Prevention Of Insanity. Prevention Is, For The Public, A Much More Important Question Than Treatment. Parents, Guardians, And Individuals Can Wield Here A Great Influence, If They Only Know How. First Of All, All Parents And Guardians Should So Nourish, Train, And Educate Children Of Whom They Have The ...

The Production Of Voice
The Production Of Voice. Voice Is Then Produced By Arrangements Precisely Similar To Those Of Some Musical In Struments. The Organ Of Voice Is, Indeed, A Reed-instrument, The Sound Produced By The Vibrations Of The Reed Or Vocal Cords Being Modified By The Tubes Above And Below. Musical Sounds Are ...