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A Great Trading City
A Great Trading City And A Great Trade Route 199. Busy New York.—new York Is A Big And Busy City. To Shelter Its Office Workers, Buildings Have Been Built Forty Stories High. So Many People Crowded The Street Cars That Elevated Railways, As High As The Second Or Third Story ...

Africa
Africa — The Continent, People, And History 720. The Separateness Of North Africa.— We Commonly Think Of Africa As The Conti Nent Of The Black Man, But Black Man's Africa Really Does Not Begin Until We Get South Of The Sahara. This Desert Is One Of The Greatest Barriers In ...

And Valleys 282
And Valleys 282. Places Difficult To Reach.—to The West Of The Great Valley The Country Changes Suddenly. There, One Sharp Ridge Stands So Close To The Next Sharp Ridge (sec. 272, And Figs. 15, 241) That In Some Of The Little Valleys There Is Scarcely Room For A Wide Field. ...

Arctic Pastures 488
Arctic Pastures 488. Another Tundra Region.—north Of The Evergreen Forests, At The Very Top Of The Continent, Is The Treeless Tundra. If You Were Dropped Down Upon It You Could Not Tell Whether You Were In North Canada, North Alaska (sec. 355), Or North Russia. Here, On The Wide Plain ...

Asiatic Russia 468
Asiatic Russia 468. A Region Of Great Size But Few The World War, Russia Ruled A Vast Region In Asia. It Included All Of Siberia And The Provinces Of Central Asia Lying Between The Caspian Sea And The Chinese Provinces, And Extended South Ward To The Great Mountains. This Moun ...

Australia And The Pacific
Australia And The Pacific Islands 504. Size, Climate And Seasons Of Aus Tralia.—australia Is The Smallest Of The Six Continents. Sometimes It Is Called An Island. It Is Almost Exactly The Same Size As The United States. It Is A Strange Con Tinent. The Climate In The Northern Part Is ...

Australias Desert And Pastoral
Australia's Desert And Pastoral Regions 887. The Dry Heart Of Australia.—what Do You Notice About Central And Western Australia As You Examine The Maps Of Sheep (fig. 630), Cattle (fig. 625), And Wheat (fig. 88)? Look At A Place Where The Tropic Of Cancer Or Of Capricorn Touches The Western ...

Cattle And Hogs 83
Cattle And Hogs 83. Where These Animals Live.—if You Go To The Grocery Store And Read The Label On A Can Of Tongue Or Ham Or Beef, You Will Usually Find That It Came From Some Place In The North Central States. Perhaps The Label Says Chicago; It May Say ...

Central Africa And Its
Central Africa And Its People 434. An African Forest Village.—bong And Rita Are A Black Boy And Girl Who Live In The Great Forest Of Central Africa. Their Village Of Thirty Houses Is On A Small Stream That Flows Into A River Which Is Itself A Branch Of A Great ...

Central Andes 848
Central Andes 848. A Land Of Ancient Empire.—when The Conquering Spaniards Climbed The Andes, They Found The City Of Cuzco, The Ancient Capital Of A Populous Indian Empire That Had Long Been Ruled By The Inca Kings. In The Inca Empire There Were Splendid Roads, Running For Hundreds Of Miles ...

Central European Uplands 511
Central European Uplands 511. Location And Character.—a Wide Region Of Low Mountains And Valleys Lies Like An Arch North Of The Alps. On The East It Reaches Almost To The Carpathians, And On The Southwest Almost To The Pyrenees. What Regions Does It Touch? As The Sharp Alps May Be ...

Channel Section Of Chile
Channel Section Of Chile 861. A Windy Coast With Much Rain.— South Of 42°, The Chilean Coast Is Steep Like The Coasts Of British Columbia, Alaska, And Norway. It Is In The Part Of The South Ern World Where The Wind Blows Almost Always From The West. For A Long ...

China 463
China 463. The People Speak Disrespectfully Of The Chinese Because They Have Yellow Skins, Slanting Eyes, And Do Not Do Things In Our Way. Persons Who Speak Thus Do Not Know Enough About China. The Chinese Are The Oldest Nation In The World. For Hundreds Of Years Before There Were ...

Climbing To The Coffee
Climbing To The Coffee Plantation 275. A Trip To Colombia.—let Us Go And See How Our Cup Of Coffee Comes To Us. After Seven Days At Sea From New York, We Land At The Little City Of Cartagena On The North Coast Of Colombia. The Few White People We See ...

Coal And Iron 191
Coal And Iron 191. The Old Way Of Making Iron.— No One Knows How Long Ago It Was That Men Learned How To Roast Iron Ore In A Hot Fire Until It Was Melted And The Iron Ran Out, Ready To Be Pounded On The Anvil As We See The ...

Corn And Soil 60
Corn And Soil 60. The Indians Had Corn.—when The White Men First Came To Massachusetts In 1620, The Indians Gave Them, As A Present, Some Bark Baskets Filled With A New Kind Of Grain, Which Was Called Maize. The Englishmen Called It Indian Corn. It Kept Some Of These First ...

Cotton Cloth 183
Cotton Cloth 183. Making Cloth By Hand.—every Body Needs Clothes. Since Cotton Is The Cheapest Material We Have For Clothing, We May Expect To Find Many People In A Great Many Factories Busy Making Cotton Cloth. Some Of These Factories Are In The South Atlantic States. Years Ago, When The ...

Countries And Climate 47
Countries And Climate 47. Boundaries Of The Political Map Of North America (fig. 51) Shows The Countries That Make Up The Continent. They Are British America; The United States And Alaska; Mexico ; Central America, And The West Indies. How Do We Know Where One Country Ends And Another One ...

East Indies The Malay
The Malay Peninsula, East Indies, And The Philippines 703. Bounds And Character.—between Asia And Australia Lies A World Of Water Dotted With Thousands Of Wet Islands, Calm, Silent, And Almost Black With Forest. Many Of Them Undisturbed Except For The Low Buzz Of Insects, The Voices Of Birds, And The ...

East Temperate Agricultural Region
East Temperate Agricultural Region 824. Another Southern United States.— Find The Latitude Of Norfolk, Virginia, And That Of Buenos Aires. Each City Is On The East Side Of A Continent. Can You See Why They Should Have Similar Climates? Do The Maps Also Tell You Why Southern Brazil And Georgia ...

East Trade Wind Coast
East Trade Wind Coast 802. Half-settled Lowlands.—the North East Trades, Blowing Across The Caribbean And The Atlantic, Bring Much Rain To The Northern Lowlands Of Colombia, Of Venezuela, And Of The Three Guianas. (figs. 540, 541.) Look At The Map And See If You Can Tell Why The Colombian Section ...

East Trade Wind Coasts
East Trade Wind Coasts 804. A Coast With Big Cities.—the Part Of The Forested Coastal Plain Over Which The South East Trade Wind Blows (fig. 566, A 4) Has Many More People Than The Sections North Of The Equator. On The Lower Slopes Of The Moun Tains, Some Of The ...

Eastern And Southern Asia
Eastern And Southern Asia 613. Size.—asia, The Largest Of Continents, Is Larger Than Europe And Africa Together, Or Than North And South America Combined. We Can Understand Its Size Better If We Look At The Map (fig. 469). On The Map Europe Looks Like Just A Little Peninsula Stuck To ...

Edge 415
Edge 415. Moving And Camping.—hakim Is An Arab Boy. The Day He Was Ten Years Old He Was Riding A Camel With His Mother, Suleima, And His Sister, Suleika. The Camel Carried Many Bundles, Too, For It Is A Great Burden-bearer. Hakim's Family Was Moving, There On The Edge Of ...

Eurasian Steppes And Deserts
Eurasian Steppes And Deserts 631. A Dry, Flat Land.— Europe's Dry District Is Near The Caspian Sea (sec. 462). It Is Called The Steppes, And Extends Far Into Asia. Steppe Is The European Word For A Flat Plain With Scanty Grass. How Long Is The Region Of The Eura Sian ...

Europe And The Mediterranean
Europe And The Mediterranean 399. The Mother Of Nations.—europe Is The Smallest Of The Inhabited Continents, Except Australia, But The People Of Europe And The People Who Have Recently Gone From Europe Rule Most Of The World. (fig. 10.) Euro Peans Have Settled North And South America And Australia. 400. ...

European Russia 396
European Russia 396. The Largest Country Of Europe.— Russia Is So Much The Largest Country In Europe That It Is Larger Than All The Rest Of Europe Put Together. Before The World War It Was Two-thirds As Large As The United States. It Is A Good Country Too. There Is ...

France And Belgium 325
France And Belgium 325. France Differs From England. France Is A Republic, Having A President Like The President Of The United States, And An Assembly Like Our Congress. France Is So Close To England That On A Clear Day One Can Stand On The French Shore At Calais On The ...

General View 291
General View 291. Brazil A Country Of Great Is Hard For Us To Understand What A Big Country Brazil Is. It Is Actually Larger Than The United States And France Together. But It Has Fewer People Than France, And Less Than A Fourth As Many As The United States. We ...

General View Of Europe
General View Of Europe 403. A Small, Wealthy Continent.—we Have Been Reading About The Various Peoples And Countries Of Europe, Most Of Which Are No Larger Than Some Of Our Own States. What About The Continent Itself? It Is The Smallest Of All The Continents, Except Australia. But It Is ...

General View Of South
General View Of South America 282. The Isthmus Of Panama.—the Map (fig. 40) Shows That South America Lies A Little To The East Of North America. The Isthmus Of Panama Connects The Two Continents, But No One Ever Goes From One Continent To The Other By Way Of The Isthmus, ...

General View Of The
General View Of The Island Pos Sessions Of The United States 256. Green Tropic Isles.—if We Should Set Out To Visit All The Islands Belonging To The United States, We Should Have To Go Sailing About For Rather A Long Time. We Should Have To Go In Many Directions, Too, ...

General View Of The
General View Of The North Central States 99. Large Population. — The Twelve North Central States Now Have Fifty Times As Many People As There Were In All North America When Columbus First Saw The New World. Why Have So Many People Come To These States? Four Reasons Tell Us ...

General View Of The_2
General View Of The Northern Countries Of South America • 289. Colombia And Venezuela.—we Have Already Seen That Colombia And Venezuela, Two Of The Three Countries Of Northern South America, Have Their Capital Cities And Most Of Their People On The High Plateau Of The Northern Andes, Where The Scenery ...

Great Northern Forests Of
Great Northern Forests Of Europe 481. European Regions That Are Like Ameri Can Regions.—in North America, As We Go Northward From The St. Lawrence Valley And The Northern Wheat Region, We Find A Great Belt Of Evergreen Forest, And Beyond It A Treeless Zone, Or Tundra, That Reaches To The ...

Growing Sugar Beets And
Growing Sugar Beets And Rabbits In France 319. A French Farm Village. — Jean Ribot Is A French Boy, Fourteen Years Of Age, Who Lives In A Village Near The Belgian Boundary. His House Is On The Road From Calais, France, To Brussels, Belgium. In The Village In Which He ...

Hawaiian Islands Porto Rico
(porto Rico, Hawaiian Islands, Phil Ippines) 248. The Sugar Ship.—let Us Go Aboard A Ship At New York And Sail Away To The Southward. In About Four Days We See Land, And Sail Into The Harbor Of The City Of San Juan, In The Island Of Porto Rico. We Go ...

High Mountains Of Scan
High Mountains Of Scan Dinavia 508. The Mountains Of The North.—europe Has One More High Mountain Region, Which Is Off By Itself In Norway And Sweden—the Scandinavian Mountains. They Are Not So High As The Alps, But They Are So Far North That They Have The Same Zones Of Climate ...

Holland And Germany 335
Holland And Germany 335. Land Below The Level Of The Sea.— Holland, Or The Netherlands, As It Calls Itself, Is Like Belgium, A Country Having Little Land But Many People. Except For A Few Poor Mines, It Has No Coal Except That Which Comes In Ships From England And In ...

How Fishing Helped Start
How Fishing Helped Start Manufacturing 214. The Old Days And The New.—when The First Settlers Came From England To New England, Most Of Them Made Their Living By Farming. That Was The Only Thing There Was For Them To Do, Except Go Fishing Or Hunting. Every Farmer Grew The Things ...

Ii The Pyrenees And
Ii. The Pyrenees And The Cantabrians 504. Another Moun Tain Region With Three Languages.—the West Ern Part Of The High Mountains Of Europe Stretches For Five Hun Dred Miles Across The Width Of Spain. From 1 The Bay Of Biscay To The Mediterranean Sea The Pyrenees Have No Break. The ...

India 486
India 486. Ceylon.—let Us Imag Ine Ourselves Getting Off A Steamer At The City Of Colombo In The Island Of Cey Lon. Dark-skinned People, With White Turbans Wound Around Their Heads, Carry From Our Ship Cases Of Oil From America And Cotton Cloth From Manchester. Piles Of Boxes Are Waiting ...

India 687
India 687. Almost A World Peninsula Of India Pushes Its Great Wedge Of Land Into The Warm Indian Ocean. On Each Of The Two Sides Of The Peninsula Which Lie Along The Indian Ocean Is A Range Of Mountains, And Between The Ranges Is Enclosed A Large Plateau. Name The ...