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Studying the World by 15

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STUDYING THE WORLD BY 15. Wir; of studying geography.—How shall we study about this world in which all peop'e are neighbors to one another? One way to study it is to learn about one state after another, and one country after another. This is not the best way to study geography, because many little states or countries are . •- • .

ihd fifth boring states cr countries. If several states are alike in sur face, soil, and climate, w e may as well study them all together.

For exam ple, look at the State of Mar yland, Figs. 15, 21, and 241. It reaches from the sandy seashore on the east to the Appalachian plateau on the west. Between seashore and plateau are three different kinds of country: 1. A wide belt of low plain near the sea.

2. A belt of hills near the mountains. 3. A belt with many mountain ranges. On Fig.

21, notice that each of these belts or sections crosses the boundaries of Maryland into the states to the north and to the south.

These natural regions have their boundaries determined by climate, soil, and surface and not at all by political lines or boundaries.

The eastern ends of Maryland and Virginia, most of Delaware, and southeastern New Jersey, are all parts of the same long plain.

16. Natural regions.—After all, it is not the name of the state but the kind of region that decides how men make their living, what they have to sell to us, and what we can sell to them. It makes ro difference whether a sandy plain is in Maryland or in Delaware. It is dotted with truck farms in

both of these states, as well as in other states which lie in the plain. The State of Maryland happens to contain four different natural regions that extend into other states.

The best and easiest way to understand Maryland is first to study each of the • • : : -*: --•::: ; i . .

nsili*of :rkgituts ti•which It contains a part.

That is the way by which, in this book, we shall study the world. We shall divide the world into natural regions. Each one of these regions includes all of the same kind of country in one part of the world. Since the people in a natural region all make their living in nearly the same way, we may call it an economic region. There people sell the same things, buy the same things, and do the same things, and it is easy for us to study about them all at one time, even if they do happen to live in different states or even in different countries. The heavy lines on regional maps (Figs. 14, 21) show the boundaries of various natural regions. You see that one of the regions of Maryland goes far away to the south, another far away to the north. (Fig. 21.) The political boundaries on these regional maps make it easy to study political geography with regional geography.