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The Tropic and Sub-Tropic Agri Cultural Region 882

coast, australia, white and queensland

THE TROPIC AND SUB-TROPIC AGRI CULTURAL REGION 882. What is the region like?—Suppose the coast of Florida (Fig. 10) extended as far toward the equator as the coast of Queensland does. Where would Florida end? Point out the place on the east coast of South America which has the same latitude as Queensland. Now you should be able to tell why the climate of the coast of Queens land is like the climate of the West Indies and also of east Brazil. What winds blow there and what do the coasts look like to the man who sails along them? (Secs. 364, 803.) You doubtless can tell the kinds of products that grow there, and the kinds of people who can most easily live there.

883. The white Australia question.—The white men who settled along this coast had the same trouble that white settlers had in the West Indies and Brazil; the climate was too hot to permit them to work in the fields. However, as they wanted to run plantations, they had to import men who were used to that kind of climate, and who would work for them. For a time the white men brought in shiploads of people from the South Sea Islands, from India, and from China. These men labored in the fields of sugar, bananas, pineapples, coffee, and cotton.

The presence of so many dark-skinned people alarmed the people of the other states of Australia. They feared that this warm part of Australia might cease to be a white man's land and would become a land of brown, yellow, and black men. So the Commonwealth government passed laws making it very difficult for men of any but the white race to come to Australia. There

fore in most of the Tropic Agricultural Region you may travel for miles with out meet ing any one at all.

884.Trop ic culture. Only in some lo calities along the coast are there many plantations. There nearly enough sugar cane is grown to supply all Australia, which uses about as much as is grown in Louisiana.

Other plantations on the Queensland coast grow bananas, pineapples, and early vegetables for the cities in the cooler land to the southward. Queensland's crops are sometimes injured by drought. The rainfall is light except along the coast and there nearly all the rain falls in summer, leaving the other seasons with little rainfall.

Australia, like the United States, has three orange districts, two in her Mediter ranean sections (one in West Australia, and one near Adelaide), and one, like our Florida orange district, on the sub-tropic east coast. It is near the boundary between New South Wales and Queensland.

885. Coast towns.—The small cities along the Queensland coast have stores, meat-pack ing plants, and wool warehouses, because railroads connect• them with the cattle and sheep ranches of the interior (Sec. 888).

886. Future.—This region, like much other undeveloped land in the hot regions, might produce great quantities of agricultural crops if it could have settlers.