HYDE, DOUGLAS (1860—). An Irish scholar and writer, son of the Rev. Arthur Hyde of Frenchpark, County Roscommon. He was edu cated at Trinity College, Dublin. In 1891 he was interim professor of modern languages in the State University of New Brunswick, and he was afterwards made examiner in Celtic to the Royal University of Ireland.
Hyde early took up the study of Irish litera ture, and in particular the collection and publica tion of Gaelic songs and folk-tales, and his labors in the preservation of native folk-lore constitute his west valuable services to Celtic scholarship. His Literary History of Ireland is noteworthy as being really the first attempt to write a compre hensive and systematic history of Gaelic litera ture. He is a skillful writer of prose and verse in both English and Gaelic, and under his as sumed name, An Craoibhin Aoibhinn,' lie is well known among the Irish-speaking people. His translations of modern Gaelic lyrics are often particularly happy in rendering at once the simple feeling and the complicated metrical struc ture of the native poetry. He took a prominent
part in the organization of the popular move ment for the preservation of the Irish language. He was made president of the Gaelic League (q.v.) in 1895, and of the Irish Text Society at its foundation. In 1894-95 he was president of the Irish National Literary Society. He was also made a membei of the Royal Irish Academy. His principal works are the following: Leabhar Sgettlitigheoehta (1889) Cols na Teineadh: or Beside the Fire(1S91) ; Lore Songs of C011 lta tight (1894) ; The Three Sorrows of Story-Telling (1895); 7'he Story of Early Irish Literature (1897) ; An Saco/yid/le Goodhalarlz (1898-99) ; A Litcrary History of Ireland (1899) The Lad of the Ferule, etc. (vol. i. of the publications of the Irish Texts Society. Dublin. 1899) ; and rbhla de'n Chraoibh ( 1900). Part of his Songs of Connaught were contributed to the Dublin Nation. In the same way his edition of the Poems of flattery has been published in the Dub lin Weekly Freeman.