HITCHCOCK, EDWARD (1793-180.1). A seien fist and educator who contributed greatly to the development and popularizing of geological science in America. lie was horn in Deerfield. Mass., where for a time he served as principal of the academy. From 1814 to ISIS he published the Country Almanac, and in the latter year entered Yale Theologieal Seminary, from which lie was graduated in 1820. After serving as pastor of the Congregational Chureh in Conway, Mass., he was appointed professor of chemistry and natural history in Amherst College. As president of that institution from 1845 to 1854 he improved its financial condition, and greatly extended its use fulness. When he resigned the presidency, he re tained the professorship of natural theology and geology, hold ing this office until his death. Through out the latter part of his life he devoted much time to geological research. In 1830 he was appointed State Geologist of 'Massachusetts. and under his direction the first geological survey of any extensive area was completed. The results of this work were published by the State Govern ment in several voluminous reports. In 1836 he received the appointment of geologist of New York, but resigned the position. He served as
geologist of Vermont from 1857 to 18(11, and in 1850 was commissioned by the State of Massachu setts to exam ine the agriculturalschools of Europe. He was one of the founders of the Massachusetts Agricultural College, and of Mount Holyoke Seminary. and was the first president of the American Geological Society. Ilis extensive col lection of fossil footprints of the Connecticut Valley was presented to Amherst College. The most important of his works are: Economical Geology (1832) ; Report on the Gro/ogy, Min eralogy, Botany, and Zoiilogy of Massachusetts (1833); Elementary Geology (1840) ; Geology of Massachusetts (1841); History of a Zoiilogical Temperance Con reit t ion in Central Africa (1850) : Religious Lectures on Peculiar Phenome na of the Four Seasons (1850) ; Religion of Geology and Its Connected Sciences (1851) ; Re ligious Truth, illustrated from Science (1857) ; lehnoloay of :Vete England ; Report on Geology of eon on I ; and Reminis cences of Amherst College (1803).