INFANTS, FLE.DING or. The proper food for an infant Is naturally its Mother's milli. If for ;illy reason. such is absence of milk in the moth er's breasts, disease In' of the mother. it ht•coines try III 11111k 111r n Mel nurse should be KIWI/red 1 otr the elald. If this i, impossible or impraeticable. substitute must 1.4• found for 1 reast-milk. Cow's milk is tin' UV:11141)10 sill).t wrage human milk contains front 3.5 to 4 per cent. of fat. 1.5 per cent. of proteids, and 7 per cent, of sut. tr. .1verage ems'• milk has 4 per vent. of tat, 1 per lit proteids, and 1 per vent. of sugar. in round Cow's mill, in which the rela Iiio proportims of the-,' ingredients is sn changed Chart t amount to the saint. ingredients of human milk is called 'modi fied milk.' Various formula. are prepared for various of lit tile-fed children. and these iimst Ile altered to suit the dige•ti‘e powers of each individual infant. Vor the tint. three dues after birth the colostrum in the mother's breasts, if available, is drawn by the child. and besides this a little sugar water of per eent_ strength is given. 1.'roin the fourth day a weak milk mix ture should be given. containing 1 per cent. of fat, 0.4 of proteid, and 4.5 of sugar. On the tenth day this is increa•ed to 1.5 per cent. of fat. 0.7 nl proteid,.;nd 5 of sugar. A gradual increase in the strength of the milk mixture is made till when the child is six months old it will receive 3 to :3.5 per "eat. of fat, 1 to 1.5 of protvitl, and 7 of sugar. The weight of the child is every t WI) nr days, and its fecal passages inspeeted daily for evidences of indigestion, and benee reasons for varying the ingredients of the milk mixture. At first, one pint of the modi
fied milk is divided accurately into 10 parts. and mile part is given to the child evert• two hours Nvelit durire• tfe middle of the night. Later. ...ripply is necessary, and the intervals be tween the feedimes arc lengthened to three hours.
In most cities the average milk in the shops is so unreliable that it must be sterilized to be -ale. thomm the process renders it le-s of mill: is done by heating it to 212° F. and keeping it at this temperature for an 11“111'. Pasteurized milk is heated to F. for nalf an hour. During lint weather it is important that all milk fed to infants be treated by either of these rroeesses. In e•rtain condi of indigestion it may be necessary to rest the stomach from its attempt to digest the pro tein). and barley water is substituted for milk. 1:arlev water, made f the strength of two tea spoonfuls of barley to the pint of water. contains about 0.7 per eent. of fat, 3 of proteid. and 2 of earbohydrati.S. Overfed children :ine always unhealthy, and suffer from colic, diarrluea, and vomit In such a case barley writer or simple water inlay Ile the heat food for twenty-four hours, :and a mn,lified mill; adapted to its thereafter. Many prenares1 infant foods are on the market. Some suit eertnin children; some cause distressing and endanger the lives of other children. The physician or experienced child's nurse must he the judge of the use of suet' fonds. .Tnenhi. Infant /het (311 ell., New' York, 1S75); llolt. Diseases of Infancy and Childhood (New York, 1900) ; Fischer, Infant Feeding in Health and in Disetme (Philadelphia, 1901). Sec Fool); MILK.